Ocean Energy Alla Weinstein, President. Agenda. Ocean Energy Resources Stage of Technology Development Socio Economic & Environmental Impacts Barriers to Overcome Cooperation Recommendations. Ocean Energy Resources. Ocean Energy Potential. Wave Energy – 45,000 TWh/year
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Alla Weinstein, President
Source: Ocean Energy: Prospects & Potential, Isaacs & Schmitt, with 15% utilization factor & 50% capacity factor
Annual average wave energy flux per unit width of wave crest (kilowatts/m)
PICO Plant, Portugal
LIMPET, Wavegen, UK
2005, 450 kW
OE Buoy, Ireland
2006, 20 KW
Wave Roller, Finland
2006, 13 kW
2007, ~ 20kW
Power Buoy, USA
Tidal changes in sea level occur as Earth rotates beneath bulges in ocean envelope, which are produced by solar and lunar gravitational forces.
North PoleEarth rotates counter-clockwise
1. Siberia2. Inchon, Korea3. Hangchow, China4. Hall's Point, Australia5. New Zealand6. Anchorage, Alaska7. Panama8. Chile9. Punta Loyola, Argentina10. Brazil
11. Bay of Fundy12. Frobisher Bay, Canada13. Wales, UK14. Antwerp, Belgium15. LeHavre, France16. Guinea17. Gujarat, India18. Burma19. Semzha River, Russia20. Colorado River, Mexico21. MadagascarTidal Resources
Gorlov Helical Turbine, 2005, USA
Hammerfest Strom, 2006, Norway
MTC, 2006, UK
Verdant Power, 2006, USA
Global redistribution of heat by ocean currents. As global warming accelerates evaporative transfer of fresh water to poles, conveyor belt slows.
Winds move 60 % of “excess heat” from equator to poles (primarily via extratropical and tropical storms), while ocean currents move 40% (thermohaline “conveyor belt”).
Open Hydro, 2007, UK (EMEC)
OTEC-Mini, 1998, Hawaii, USA
StatKarft, Norway (randition)
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