Type 2 Diabetes . Diabetes Mellitus. The name “diabetes mellitus means sweet urine. It stems from ancient times when physicians would taste a patients urine as a part of a diagnosis. Current Population Trend.
The name “diabetes mellitus means sweet urine. It stems from ancient times when physicians would taste a patients urine as a part of a diagnosis.
Diabetes is the growing heath problem in the United States and has risen about six fold since 1950. Its now affecting about 17 million Americans and one third of those Americans (5.9 million) don’t even now they have the disease. Today, not only are adults being diagnosed with this disease, but its also affecting today’s youth.
Our body uses a hormone called insulin to handle glucose, which is a simple sugar that’s a main source of energy. In diabetes, something goes wrong in the body so that you can not produce insulin or are not sensitive to it. That means that your body produces high levels of blood glucose, which acts on organs to produce the symptoms of the disease.
To maintain a constant blood glucose level, the body relies on two hormones produced in the pancreas that have opposite actions: insulin and glucagon.
Type 2 diabetes is a disease that generally develops over a period of years.
People who will eventually develop this disease are insulin resistant several years before their blood sugars become abnormal.
Their bodies try to make up for the higher insulin needs created by insulin resistance by producing more insulin.
Most people are lead to believe that they’re to blame for the disease. However, this disease can also be inherited by genes as well. Not everyone that eats a lot of sugar and is overweight have the disease. But there are higher risks for people developing type 2 diabetes. Here are some facts on how it is people obtain this disease:
People who are overweight have a strong genetic basis and are made worse by environmental factors, including inactivity, weight gain, and stress.
Have a parent or sibling with diabetes
Are 40 years of age
Have high blood pressure
Are African America, Latino, or Native American
Had diabetes during pregnancy
Have the stress of an illness or injury
Had a baby that weighed more than 9 pounds at birth.
Type 2 diabetes is often without symptoms in its early stages. That’s the reason there are 40% of people with Type 2 diabetes are unaware of their disease. When there are symptoms, they may occur gradually. If present, they usually are:
If left untreated this, Diabetes can cause many life threatening complications:
Because there are several defects in the body's chemistry that develop as Type 2 diabetes changes over time, there are many tools used to treat it. In its earliest stages, Type 2 diabetes can often be controlled effectively by becoming more active and by managing food to reduce the body's need for insulin. This may involve promoting a modest amount of weight loss, controlling and distributing carbohydrate intake through the day, or both.
When the disease has progressed to the point where blood sugars are not controlled by activity and food management alone, several types of oral medications (pills) and/or insulin may be used singly or in combination to regain blood glucose control. Their effectiveness is judged by testing the blood sugar periodically throughout the day.
With type 2 Diabetes you have to eat healthy in order to keep your sugar levels well maintained. That means:
Researchers attribute obesity to Type 2 Diabetes
(fruits, vegetables, bread, milk)
(swimming, walking, basketball, running)