Colonization
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Colonization. Individual versus National. WhoExplored ?. Dutch English French Spanish Scandinavian. Why Explore?. Effects. Competition between nations Desire for wealth Spread of Christianity. Destruction of Native American empires French and Indian War Disease Columbian Exchange

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Colonization

Colonization

Individual versus National


Whoexplored

WhoExplored?

  • Dutch

  • English

  • French

  • Spanish

  • Scandinavian


Why explore

Why Explore?

Effects

  • Competition between nations

  • Desire for wealth

  • Spread of Christianity

  • Destruction of Native American empires

    • French and Indian War

    • Disease

  • Columbian Exchange

    • Good brought from Europe; goods brought back from the Americas

  • Colonies in America established

  • Slavery in America (grows)


Colonization1

Colonization

Why did Great Britain explore?


Why the british explored

Why the British explored…

  • Search for wealth (wealth=power)

    • Mercantilism

      • Earning wealth through trade (GB huge population with few resources, America few people with great resources)

        • Collect resources/raw materials send them to GB for manufacturing turn them into finished goods and resell them to colonies

  • Political Strength

    • Becoming/maintaining world power status

  • Religious freedom

    • Pilgrims/Puritans


Mercantilism

MERCANTILISM

  • An economic system based on the belief that a country could only be rich if ________ continually _________into its economy and its government ___________.

  • Great Britain saw the colonies as a source of wealth. They wanted that wealth to flow back to Great Britain. It was always the colonists’ duty to ship most of the gold, silver, or other resources found in the colony back to Great Britain.

  • For about 300 years, most of the natural resources gathered in the Americas were sent to Europe.


Practicing mercantilism

Practicing Mercantilism

As you view the following pictures, take the point of view of Great Britain and ask this question, “What’s in it for me?”


Colonization

Remember to think – how can I make money off of this place?


What did the south offer to great britain

What did the South offer to Great Britain?

  • What does this mean for Great Britain in the big picture?

  • Long growing season

  • Fertile, vacant land

  • Sun

  • Access to ports/water

  • Freedom of religion (Maryland)

What will the South need more of to meet Great Britain’s demands?


Colonization

When people think of Southern Plantations they usually think of . . .


Economy of southern colonies

Economy of southern colonies

  • Plantations (really big farms)

    • Tobacco, cotton, indigo, rice,

    • Required labor: indentured servants (not slaves)

      • As the demand for cash crops increased (industrial revolution, desire for American tobacco), what happened to the demand for labor?

        • Slave trade developed

        • By 1750 slaves were the main source of labor on southern plantations


Going deep into the economy of southern colonies

GOING DEEP into the economy of southern colonies

Use the following pages in your text book to answer the questions below: pages 58 – 60 , pages 62 and 63, page 74

  • Other than America, where else were slaves used?

  • Before there were slaves from Africa, who were used as slaves?

  • Were slaves only used in the South? Explain your answer.

  • Why did colonists turn to Africa for slaves?

  • What is the difference between a slave and an indentured servant?

    http://www.crsd.org/Page/8311


Students will be able to

Students Will Be Able To . . .

Understand how Great Britain’s demand for raw materials leads to the rise of port cities.

Understand how the rise of port cities leads to the demand for skilled laborers.

Understand how port cities become a doorway for diversity.


Review of southern colonies

Review of Southern Colonies

  • England saw the long growing season and rich, fertile land of the Southern Colonies and knew it would be a great spot to grow wheat and corn.

  • In order to meet Great Britain’s demand for raw materials, plantations grew.

  • A great amount of labor was needed to work on the plantations. At first Mexicans were used until later, when indentured servants were used because they did not have to be paid.

  • Consequently, everyone in the South owned a plantation and slaves.


Colonization

  • Examine the following pictures of topics related to the New England colonies.

  • Based on your previous knowledge identify the pictures and explain their significance.


New england colonies

NEW ENGLAND COLONIES


What did the new england colonies offer great britain

What did the New England colonies offer Great Britain?

  • Ports

  • Timber

  • Whale oil

  • Fisheries

  • Religious freedom (reformation)

What does this mean for Great Britain in the big picture?


New england economy

New England Economy

  • Trade

    • Raw materials

      • Whale oil, fish, timber/lumber

        • Natural resources (shipped to GB); manufactured (in GB) and sold back to the colonies

          • Mercantilism


Labor needs

LABOR NEEDS


Labor needs1

LABOR NEEDS

  • Southern colonies have plantations and need slaves

  • Middle Colonies have farming of staple crops and need laborers

  • New England colonies have ports/cities creating a demand for skilled professionals


New england community

New England Community

  • Skilled Professionals such as . . .

    • Merchants, fishermen, ship builders, lumberjacks, blacksmiths, printers, weavers

  • Diversity among colonists (home country)

  • Wealth

  • Education

  • Languages

  • Religion


Wrap up

WRAP UP!

  • Based on what you just learned, write down this cause and effect chain and fill in the boxes appropriately.

  • Great Britain wanted from the New England colonies so the colonists had to build

    for which they needed who added to the

    of the New England colonies.


Look again

Look again . . .


New england community1

New England Community

  • Mayflower - 1620

  • Mayflower Compact

    • Legal contract that all agreed to have fair law as to protect the general good (of the community)

    • Attempt at self-government (first in colonies)


New england community2

New England Community

  • Why was there no government for the colonies? What government had they been used to?

  • Where was the King?

  • First to establish local government that included…

    • Court system

    • Representative government (elections)


New england community3

New England Community

  • Why was there no government for the colonies? What government had they been used to?

  • Where was the King?

  • First to establish local government that included…

    • Court system

    • Representative government (elections)


New england community4

New England Community

  • Religion and government closely tied together

    • What makes that different from today’s US society?

      • Separation of Church and State

  • Government leaders were also church leaders

    • Where do you think the government leaders found their voters/followers?


Great migration

Great Migration

  • Religious escape (1620-1640)

  • Puritans

    • Wanting to purify the Church of England

    • Boston, Massachusetts

  • Pilgrims

    • Wanting to separate from the Church of England

    • Plymouth, Massachusetts


New england community5

New England Community


New england community6

New England Community

  • If we are going to survive as a community, we must…

    • Be family oriented

    • Have women and children involved

    • Maintain faith in religion

    • Provide education

      • Why is this a need? Read what?


Education

Education

  • John Harvard – 1636

    • Boston, Massachusetts

  • William and Mary College – 1693

    • Virginia


New england embraced the opportunity to learn from native americans

New England embraced the opportunity to learn from Native Americans

Will you teach us how to grow crops?

Absolutely, in exchange for resources and finished goods.


Thanksgiving

Thanksgiving

  • Exchange of information, techniques, tools (Native Americans/Colonists)

  • Celebration of successful harvest

  • Survival of the new colony


What did the middle colonies offer to great britain

What did the Middle colonies offer to Great Britain?

  • Blend of New England and Southern colonies

  • Staple crops

    • Wheat, barley, oats (grains)

  • Trade (beaver pelts) and hunting (deer)

  • Mining (iron, coal)

  • Minimal slave labor

What does this mean for Great Britain in the big picture?


Middle colonies community quakers

Middle Colonies CommunityQuakers

  • Equality of men and women

  • Nonviolence

  • Religious tolerance

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ducKaaeVt6E&feature=related


Penn s woods pennsylvania

Penn’s Woods: Pennsylvania

  • William Penn

    • Establish a safe home for Quakers

      • Equality of men and women

      • Nonviolence

      • Religious tolerance


Penn s woods pennsylvania1

Penn’s Woods: Pennsylvania

  • 1681 granted a charter by King Charles II

    • Penn limited his own power

    • Created an elected assembly (representative self-government)

  • Capital: Philadelphia- City of Brotherly Love(Philadelphia Freedom – Elton John)

    • Largest colonial city - 1760


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