PLANNING AND ORGANISATION OF ECONOMIC CENSUS IN INDIA
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PLANNING AND ORGANISATION OF ECONOMIC CENSUS IN INDIA BY NILKANTH GHOSH STATISTICAL ADVISOR, MOE&F EX-DIRECTOR,ECONOMIC STATISTICS DIVISION,CSO,MOS&PI,GOVT. OF INDIA. GENERAL INFORMATION- INDIA. INDIA IS A FEDERAL COUNTRY CONSISTING OF 28 STATES AND 7 UNION TERRITORIES.

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PLANNING AND ORGANISATION OF ECONOMIC CENSUS IN INDIABYNILKANTH GHOSHSTATISTICAL ADVISOR, MOE&F EX-DIRECTOR,ECONOMIC STATISTICS DIVISION,CSO,MOS&PI,GOVT. OF INDIA


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GENERAL INFORMATION- INDIA

  • INDIA IS A FEDERAL COUNTRY CONSISTING OF 28 STATES AND 7 UNION TERRITORIES.

  • MINISTRY OF STATISTICS AND PROGRAMME IMPLEMENTATION IS NODAL MINISTRY FOR ACTIVITIES RELATING TO STATISTICS IN INDIA.

  • CENTRAL STATISTICAL ORGANISATION(CSO), UNDER THE MINISTRY COORDINATES ALL THE STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES OF THE COUNTRIES AT CENTRAL LEVEL.

  • DIRECTORATES OF ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS ARE NODAL AGENCIES AT STATE/UT LEVEL.


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  • NATIONAL SAMPLE SURVEY ORGANISATION(NSSO) UNDER THE MINISTRY REGULARLY CONDUCTS LARGE SCALE SURVEYS.

  • COMPUTER CENTRE IN THE MINISTRY PROCESSES THE DATA

  • OTHER CENTRAL MINISTRIES COLLECTS INFORMATION IN THE FORM OF ADMINISTRATIVE DATA

  • REGISTRAR GENERAL AND CENSUS COMMISSIONER IS RESPONSIBLE FOR CONDUCT OF POPULATION CENSUS IN INDIA


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  • ECONOMIC CENSUS--AN ATTEMPT TO PROVIDE A REGULARLY CONDUCTS LARGE SCALE SURVEYS.FRAME OF ESTABLISHMENTS

  • FOR VARIOUS ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES- BOTH IN ORGANISED AND UNORGANISED SECTORS OF THE ECONOMY

  • FOR FURTHER CENSUS OR SAMPLE SURVEYS FOR DETAILED DATA ON VARIOUS ASPECTS OF ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITIES


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ECONOMIC CENSUS REGULARLY CONDUCTS LARGE SCALE SURVEYS.

  • FIRST COORDINATED APPROACH—PLAN SCHEME NAMED “ECONOMIC CENSUS & SURVEYS” IN 1976

  • COUNTRY WISE CENSUS OF ALL ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES EXCEPT CROP PRODUCTION & PLANTATION


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LEGAL FRAMEWORK REGULARLY CONDUCTS LARGE SCALE SURVEYS.

COLLECTION OF STATISTICS ACT,1953 IS AN OMNIBUS ACT FOR COLLECTION OF DATA .

COLLECTION OF STATISTICS BILL 2008(YET TO BE ENACTED) IS GOING TO REPLACE THE SAID ONE.


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  • HOWEVER, AT PRESENT NO REGULARLY CONDUCTS LARGE SCALE SURVEYS.SEPARATE LEGAL BACKING IS IN VOGUE FOR EC.

  • NATIONAL STATISTICAL COMMISSION(NSC) A HIGH POWERED COMMISSION HAS RECOMMENDED THAT IF NECESSARY SPECIFIC PROVISIONS REGARDING CONDUCT OF EC MAY BE ADDED IN CENSUS ACT


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FINANCIAL AND BUDGET PROVISIONS REGULARLY CONDUCTS LARGE SCALE SURVEYS.

  • THE “FIFTH ECONOMIC CENSUS” WAS TAKEN AS CENTRAL SECTOR PLAN SCHEME AND FULLY FUNDED BY MOSPI. TOTAL BUDGET 992 MILLION PRIMARILY SPENT THROUGH

    STATE/UT GOVTs.

  • THE DIRECTORATES OF ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS WERE THE NODAL AGENCIES FOR EXECUTING THE SCHEME IN THE STATES/UTS. FUNDS WERE ALLOCATED TO THEM AS PER THEIR REQUIREMENTS.

  • STATE/UT GOVERNMENTS WERE ALSO ALLOWED TO CREATE TEMPORARY POSTS AT DES HEADQUARTERS FOR TWO YEARS


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ECONOMIC CENSUSES HELD SO FAR REGULARLY CONDUCTS LARGE SCALE SURVEYS.

  • YEARS--1977.1980,1990,1998,2005.

  • COVERAGE—AGRICULTURAL AND NON-AGRICULTURAL ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES EXCEPT CROP PRODUCTION AND PLANTATION IN 1980 ONWARDS. EC-1977 COVERED ONLY NON- AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES.

  • GEOGRAPHICAL COVERAGE— ALL OVER INDIA EXCEPT SOME STATES/UTS WHERE NOT POSSIBLE TO CONDUCT CENSUS DUE TO COMPELLING REASONS.


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SCHEDULES CANVASSED REGULARLY CONDUCTS LARGE SCALE SURVEYS.

THE SCHEDULES NAMELY (I) HOUSE LIST (II) ESTABLISHMENT SCHEDULE (III) ADDRESS SLIP WERE CANVASSED IN ECONOMIC CENSUS.

SEPARATE SCHEDULES WERE USED FOR RURAL AND URBAN AREAS.


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  • THE FOURTH SCHEDULE NAMELY, THE REGULARLY CONDUCTS LARGE SCALE SURVEYS.ESTABLISHMENT ABSTRACT (EA) WAS COMPLETED FROM THE ENTRIES CONTAINED IN THE ESTABLISHMENT SCHEDULE.

  • THE SCHEDULES WERE DESIGNED AND PRINTED AS PER THE REQUIREMENT OF THE ICR TECHNOLOGY AND IN CONSULTATION WITH O/O THE RGI .


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NEW INITIATIVES IN LATEST EC REGULARLY CONDUCTS LARGE SCALE SURVEYS.

INTELLIGENT CHARACTER RECOGNITION (ICR)- AUTOMATED FORMS PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY WAS USED FOR THE FIRST TIME TO PROCESS THE DATA WITH A VIEW OF REDUCING ERROR IN DATA TRANSCRIPTION.SCHEDULES OF THE FIRST EC WERE SCANNED/DIGITIZED AT THE 15 REGIONAL DATA PROCESSING CENTERS

SEPARATE ‘ADDRESS SLIPS’ OF THE ESTABLISHMENTS EMPLOYING TEN WORKERS OR MORE WERE CANVASSED FOR COMPILATION OF A DIRECTORY OF LARGER ESTABLISHMENTS.


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ADMINISTRATIVE ARRANGEMENTS REGULARLY CONDUCTS LARGE SCALE SURVEYS. -COMMITTEES AND WORKING GROUPS

A STANDING COMMITTEE WAS CONSTITUTED UNDER THE CHAIRMANSHIP OF DIRECTOR GENERAL, CENTRAL STATISTICAL ORGANISATION TO LOOK INTO VARIOUS ASPECTS RELATING TO THE CONDUCT OF FIFTH ECONOMIC CENSUS.

SIX STATE GOVERNMENTS REPRESENTED BY THEIR RESPECTIVE DIRECTORS, DIRECTORATE OF ECONOMICS & STATISTICS.

PLANNING COMMISSION AND CONCERNED CENTRAL MINISTRIES/ORGANISATIONS


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THE COMMITTEE WAS ASSISTED BY REGULARLY CONDUCTS LARGE SCALE SURVEYS.THREE WORKING GROUPS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF CONCEPTS & DEFINITIONS, STRATEGY FOR CONDUCT OF FIELD WORK, TABULATION OF DATA, PUBLICITY & DISSEMINATION OF RESULTS.

ALL THE TECHNICAL AND SECRETARIAL ASSISTANCE WERE PROVIDED BY THE ECONOMIC STATISTICS DIVISION OF CSO.


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CO-ORDINATION COMMITTEE AT STATE HQ./DISTRICT HQ. LEVEL REGULARLY CONDUCTS LARGE SCALE SURVEYS.

  • STATE LEVEL CO-ORDINATION COMMITTEES (SLCC) UNDER THE CHAIRMANSHIP OF CHIEF SECRETARIES AND DISTRICT LEVEL COORDINATION COMMITTEES (DLCC) UNDER THE CHAIRMANSHIP OF DISTRICT COLLECTORS

  • TO REVIEW THE PROGRESS OF WORK, TAKE APPROPRIATE MEASURES

  • OVERALL COORDINATION AND GUIDANCE AT ALL INDIA LEVEL BY THE CSO.


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ALL- INDIA CONFERENCE REGULARLY CONDUCTS LARGE SCALE SURVEYS.

  • AN ALL-INDIA CONFERENCE OF STATE SECRETARIES IN-CHARGE OF PLANNING AND STATISTICS AND DIRECTORS OF ECONOMICS & STATISTICS TO DISCUSS VARIOUS ISSUES RELATING TO IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SCHEME.


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WORKSHOP ON INTELLIGENT CHARACTER RECOGNITION (ICR) TECHNOLOGY

  • A WORKSHOP ON ICR TECHNOLOGY IN PROCESSING OF ECONOMIC CENSUS DATA WAS CONDUCTED ON AUGUST 2005 AT NEW DELHI.

  • THE PURPOSE OF THE WORKSHOP WAS TO INTRODUCE THE STATE/UT GOVERNMENT OFFICERS TO THE CONCEPT OF ICR TECHNOLOGY STEP BY STEP.


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TRAINING WAS CONDUCTED BY THE OFFICERS OF RGI IN PRESENCE OF SENIOR OFFICERS OF CSO, STATE/UT GOVERNMENTS INCLUDING SOME INVITEES FROM OTHER MINISTRIES/DEPTT. OF GOVERNMENT OF INDIA.

  • FOUR REGIONAL WORKSHOPS FOR CORE GROUP OF TRAINERS --OFFICERS FROM CSO, NSSO AND FROM DIRECTORATES OF ECONOMICS & STATISTICS OF STATE/UT GOVERNMENTS -- KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, CHANDIGARH AND BANGALORE.


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RAISING AWARENESS AND PROMOTING THE RESPONSE TO THE ECONOMIC CENSUS

ISSUED ADVERTISEMENT SEEKING PUBLIC COOPERATION IN ABOUT 100 NEWSPAPERS IN VARIOUS LANGUAGES THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY THROUGH THE DIRECTORATE OF AUDIO AND VISUAL PUBLICITY, MINISTRY OF INFORMATION AND BROADCASTING, PRIOR TO THE COMMENCEMENT OF FIELDWORK.

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PREPARATION OF RURAL AND URBAN DIRECTORIES CENSUS

  • FOR IDENTIFICATION OF THE PRIMARY UNITS - 20 DIGITED LOCATION CODES - TO PREPARE DIRECTORY OF PRIMARY UNITS - RURAL AND URBAN SECTORS IN EACH STATE/UT.

  • THE LIST OF VILLAGES AS PER 2001 POPULATION CENSUS WITH GEO CODE STRUCTURE ALREADY ADOPTED UNDER POPULATION CENSUS 2001 WAS USED FOR PREPARATION OF RURAL DIRECTORY.


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  • THE UNIT OF SURVEY IN URBAN AREAS WAS THE CENSUSBLOCK(S) CARVED OUT BY NSSO-FOD UNDER THE URBAN FRAME SURVEY.

  • THE ABOVE RURAL AND URBAN DIRECTORIES WERE MADE AVAILABLE TO STATE/UT GOVERNMENTS FOR UPDATION BEFORE CANVASSING THE SCHEDULES IN THE RESPECTIVE STATES/UTS.

  • THE SAME WERE UPDATED AND SUBSEQUENTLY USED WHILE CANVASSING THE SCHEDULES.


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FORMATION OF ENUMERATION BLOCKS   CENSUS

THE STATE/UT GOVERNMENTS WERE ADVISED TO CARVE OUT ENUMERATION BLOCKS (EB) BROADLY COVERING 200-230 HOUSEHOLDS IN RURAL AREAS.

EACH UFS BLOCK WAS TREATED AS ONE EB FOR URBAN AREAS. THE ABOVE CRITERIA OF FORMING EB WERE RELAXED IN HILLY AND DIFFICULT TERRAINS. DATA WERE COLLECTED ON VOLUNTARY BASIS BY CONTACTING HEAD OF THE UNIT/HOUSEHOLD OR FROM RESPONSIBLE PERSONS.


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FIELD OPERATIONS CENSUS

  • THE FIELDWORK OF FIFTH ECONOMIC CENSUS-- APRIL 2005 TO DECEMBER 2005 EXCEPT IN BIHAR AND ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS.

  • ELECTIONS IN BIHAR AND TSUNAMI REHABILITATION WORK IN ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS, THE FIELDWORK WAS COMPLETED BY EARLY MARCH 2006.


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  • ABOUT 4,00,000 CENSUS ENUMERATORS WERE DEPLOYED TO COLLECT INFORMATION FROM ABOUT 42 MILLION ESTABLISHMENTS.

  • ESTABLISHMENTS WITH FIXED PREMISES WERE COVERED AT THE PLACE OF THEIR OPERATION.


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REAPPRAISAL OF QUESTIONNAIRE RESPONSE- CENSUS-POST ENUMERATION CHECK(PEC)

  • ALL STATES/UTS FOR IMPROVEMENT IN FUTURE OPERATIONS AND EXTENT OF ERROR IN DATA.

  • TWO VILLAGES AND TWO URBAN BLOCKS SELECTED AT RANDOM IN EACH DISTRICT OF THE COUNTRY.

  • SAME SCHEDULES CAVASSED BY FOD IN NSSO IN SELECTED VILLAGES/BLOCKS.

  • ARUNANCHAL PRADESH,MANIPUR, MIZORAM AND TRIPURA –DESs


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DATA PROCESSING CENSUS

  • AUTOMATED FORMS PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY ENABLES THE USER TO PROCESS DOCUMENTS FROM THEIR IMAGES OR DIRECTLY FROM PAPER AND CONVERT THEM TO COMPUTER READABLE DATA.

  • AUTOMATED FORMS ARE FORMS DESIGNED TO BE SCANNED TO A DIGITAL FORMAT SO THAT THE DATA ON THE FORM CAN BE “EXTRACTED” BY SOFTWARE RATHER THAN KEYED BY DATA ENTRY PERSONNEL.


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  • THE SCHEDULES OF THE FIFTH EC WERE CENSUSSCANNED/DIGITIZED AT THE FIFTEEN REGIONAL DATA PROCESSING CENTRES OF RGI.

  • AFTER RUNNING THE EDIT PROGRAMME, THE ERROR LIST FILES WERE HANDED OVER TO THE STATE GOVERNMENTS FOR CORRECTIONS.


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  • THE CENSUSDES OFFICIALS OF THE STATE GOVERNMENT CORRECTED THE ERROR FILES IN TWO/THREE CYCLES AND THEN SENT THE DATA FILES TO RGI HEADQUARTERS TO GIVE FINAL TOUCH BEFORE SENDING TO COMPUTER CENTRE, MOSPI. THE DATA FILES WERE MADE COMPLETELY ERROR FREE BY APPLYING AUTO CORRECTIONS AT THE COMPUTER CENTRE.


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TABULATION PLAN CENSUS

  • THE SERIES OF TABLES WERE GENERATED: (A) MAIN TABLES AND (B) SPECIAL TABLES. THE MAIN TABLES WERE TO PROVIDE STATE/UT-WISE RESULTS IN RESPECT OF PRINCIPAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ESTABLISHMENTS AND EMPLOYMENT THEREIN CLASSIFIED BY MAJOR ACTIVITY GROUPS, TYPE OF ESTABLISHMENTS, OWNERSHIP TYPE, SOCIAL GROUP OF OWNER, SIZE CLASS OF EMPLOYMENT, POWER/FUEL USED, SOURCE OF FINANCE, ETC.,


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  • VOLUME-II OF REPORT - BASED ON THE DATA COLLECTED THROUGH HOUSE LIST SCHEDULE AND ADDRESS SLIP.

  • VOLUME-II OF THE REPORT CONTAINS LIST OF UNITS CLASSIFIED BY VARIOUS CHARACTERISTICS LIKE TYPE OF STRUCTURE, ADDRESS OF THE ESTABLISHMENTS EMPLOYING 10 OR MORE WORKERS.

  • VOLUME-II TO BE PUBLISHED IN SOFT FORM.


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FUTURE PLAN AND KEY ISSUES HOUSE LIST SCHEDULE AND ADDRESS SLIP.

  • ECONOMIC CENSUS CAN FORM THE BASIS FOR BUISNESS REGISTER IN INDIA.

  • FIRST STEP HAS BEEN MADE IN LATEST EC-2005 IN THE FORM OF PREPARATION OF “DIRECTORY OF ESTABLISHMENTS OF 10 OR MORE WORKERS”.

  • DISCUSSIONS ARE GOING ON AS TO HOW TO MAKE EC DATA MORE USEFUL FOR PLANNERS,RESEARCHERS AND OTHER USERS.

  • DELIBERATIONS OF WORKSHOP AT SEOUL MAY PERHAPS THROW SOME LIGHT IN THIS DIRECTION WHICH WILL BE BENEFICIAL FOR INDIA.


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THANK YOU HOUSE LIST SCHEDULE AND ADDRESS SLIP.


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