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We are Chahta. Choctaw Artifacts. Choctaw Oral History. Ryan L. Spring, Historic Preservation Dept. Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma. Nvnih Waiya. Echospace.org. Nvnih Waiya Cave. Gritsandsoul.blogspot.com. Creation of the Black Belt Prairie. Asclepias viridis. Silphium tet.

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Choctaw oral history

We are Chahta

Choctaw Artifacts

Choctaw Oral History

Ryan L. Spring,

Historic Preservation Dept.

Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma


Nvnih waiya
Nvnih Waiya

Echospace.org


Nvnih waiya cave
Nvnih Waiya Cave

Gritsandsoul.blogspot.com


Creation of the black belt prairie
Creation of the Black Belt Prairie

Asclepiasviridis

Silphiumtet

Liatrisaspera

mississippientomologicalmuseum.org


Creation of the black belt prairie1
Creation of the Black Belt Prairie

American Mastodon

Nan ishtpela

smithsonianmag.com


Chukka house
Chukka (House)

National Anthropological Archives

Bushnell 1909


Chahta ohoyo im isht ahalaia choctaw women s responsibilities
ChahtaOhoyoImIshtAhalaia(Choctaw Women’s Responsibilities)

  • Life-givers

  • Foundation of the community

  • Home-owners

  • Agricultural producers

  • Domestic activities

Bushnell 1909


Chahta lukfi nan isht toba choctaw pottery

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ChahtaLukfi Nan Isht Toba(Choctaw Pottery)


Ohoyo osh chishba
Ohoyo Osh Chishba

naturemappingfoundation.org

Washington and Lee University, Lexington, Virginia 24450


Tapushik river cane basket

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Tapushik(River Cane Basket)

Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma Council House Museum

National Museum of the American Indian

National Museum of the American Indian

Emerson's Magazine 1857 NO Mkt

Museum of the Red River


Ilefoka clothing
Ilefoka (Clothing)


Chahta hattak im isht ahalaia choctaw men s responsibilities

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ChahtaHattakImIshtAhalaia(Choctaw Men’s Responsibilities)

  • Hunting

  • Protecting the community

  • Playing Stickball

  • Interacting with other groups

  • Doing heaviest work

  • Serving as orators/historians

Bushnell 1909


Uskihlumpa (Blowgun)

Shomonaki (Dart)


Tapena (War Club)

Uskibashbo (Cane knife)


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Ititanampo (Bow)

Uskinaki (Arrow)


IssiOwvtta(Deer Hunts)

De Bry 1591

Ruby Bolding 2011

Du Pratz 1758


Chahta ishtaboli choctaw stickball

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ChahtaIshtaboli(Choctaw Stickball)

“Tullock-chish-ko, Drinks the Juice of the Stone”

George Catlin 1834-1835

Choctaw Stickball Player

George Catlin 1834

Mosholeika

(to put out)


Hobachit ikbi colonization
HobachitIkbi(Colonization)

  • Spanish, French, English, United States

  • Thousands of Choctaw died from disease and war

  • Land base reduced by 99.84%

  • Ecosystem destruction

  • Choctaw family and governmental

    structures altered

  • Tribe fragmented

  • Language, people, and traditional

    knowledge marginalized

Hererra y Tordesilla1615)


Tvnvp warfare
Tvnvp(Warfare)

De Bry 1591


Yakni awehli the taking of land
YakniAwehli(The Taking of Land)

After DeRosier 1970:29


Nishkin okchi hinoshi trail of tears
NishkinOkchi Í Hinoshi(Trail of Tears)

Bossieu 1847


Hobachit ikbi assimilation
HobachitIkbi(Assimilation)

National Anthropological Archives

Gast 1872


Falvmmint ishi recovery
FalvmmintIshi(Recovery)

  • A reassertion of sovereignty and self-determination

  • Development of Tribal social programs

  • Culture camps

  • Language classes

  • Tribal fairs

  • Revival of Choctaw Stomp Dance

  • Revival of Choctaw Pottery

  • Revival of Stickball

  • Southeastern Native Seed Bank

  • Rehabilitation of Mississippi

    canebrakes

  • Recovery of Nvnih Waiya


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