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Moderate Learning Difficulties - a high incidence need. National SENCO Award Endeavour House 25 th January 2013 Sue Weeks. Aims. To consider: What is MLD? Assessment and expectations What makes an impact? Supporting mainstream colleagues Where to get advice and support.

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Moderate learning difficulties a high incidence need

Moderate Learning Difficulties - a high incidence need

National SENCO Award

Endeavour House

25th January 2013

Sue Weeks

West Suffolk Special Schools' Outreach Service


Aims

To consider:

  • What is MLD?

  • Assessment and expectations

  • What makes an impact?

  • Supporting mainstream colleagues

  • Where to get advice and support

West Suffolk Special Schools' Outreach Service


Percentages of primary type of need among pupils aged between 7 and 11 years at School Action Plus in 2009

1

4

2

Which needs?

3

Children with special educational needs 2009: an analysis (DCSF Oct 09).

West Suffolk Special Schools' Outreach Service


Percentages of primary type of need among pupils aged between 7 and 11 years at School Action Plus in 2009

Percentages of primary type of need among pupils aged between 12 and 17 years at School Action Plus in 2009

SpLD

MLD

SLCN

BESD

Children with special educational needs 2009: an analysis (DCSF Oct 09).

West Suffolk Special Schools' Outreach Service


What is mld
What is MLD? between 7 and 11 years at School Action Plus in 2009

What are the characteristics of a pupil with MLD?

Talk and make a list as quickly as possible – 3 mins!

West Suffolk Special Schools' Outreach Service


Characteristics of mld pupils will have
Characteristics of MLD – pupils will have: between 7 and 11 years at School Action Plus in 2009

  • attainment well below expected levels in all or most areas of the curriculum, despiteappropriate interventions, and

  • much greater difficulty than their peers in acquiring basic literacy and numeracy skills and understanding concepts

    DfES 2003

West Suffolk Special Schools' Outreach Service


Characteristics of mld pupils may also have
Characteristics of MLD – pupils may also have: between 7 and 11 years at School Action Plus in 2009

  • associated speech and language delay

  • low self esteem

  • poor concentration, and

  • underdeveloped social

    skills

West Suffolk Special Schools' Outreach Service


Characteristics of mld pupils may need support with
Characteristics of MLD – pupils may need support with: between 7 and 11 years at School Action Plus in 2009

  • understanding instructions and tasks

  • sequencing

  • co-ordination

  • personal organisation

  • memory

West Suffolk Special Schools' Outreach Service


Impact of mld pupils may
Impact of MLD – pupils may: between 7 and 11 years at School Action Plus in 2009

  • have low levels of self-esteem and motivation,

  • be resentful, refuse to attempt new work,

  • be over-reliant on teaching assistants to help them with tasks,

  • need much encouragement and praise.

West Suffolk Special Schools' Outreach Service


Assessment and expectations
Assessment and Expectations between 7 and 11 years at School Action Plus in 2009

West Suffolk Special Schools' Outreach Service


Using p scales
Using P-scales between 7 and 11 years at School Action Plus in 2009

  • Small steps towards achievable targets

  • Appropriate expectations

  • Independent working

  • Celebration of success

West Suffolk Special Schools' Outreach Service


Above p scales
Above P-scales …. between 7 and 11 years at School Action Plus in 2009

but below age related expectations

  • Letters and Sounds Assessments

  • York Assessment of Reading Comprehension

  • Sandwell Maths Assessment

  • BEAM Diagnostic Interviews in Number Sense

  • Boxall Profile, PIVATS, CASPA PHSE Levels

West Suffolk Special Schools' Outreach Service


Other factors
Other factors ….. between 7 and 11 years at School Action Plus in 2009

  • Hearing

  • Vision

  • Receptive vocabulary (BPVS)

  • Non-verbal Reasoning (Naglieri)

  • Memory (Digit Memory Test)

  • Self-esteem (Rosenberg Scale)

  • Mindset

West Suffolk Special Schools' Outreach Service


What makes an impact in the classroom
What makes an impact in the classroom? between 7 and 11 years at School Action Plus in 2009

  • Inclusive teaching strategies, including TEACHER feedback

  • Teacher’s knowledge of the ‘whole’ pupil

  • Accurate assessment

  • Achievable learning outcomes planned

  • ‘Quality’ interventions

West Suffolk Special Schools' Outreach Service


Building skills
Building skills between 7 and 11 years at School Action Plus in 2009

Structured, ‘quality’ interventions or programmes:

  • Short, daily sessions

  • Lively, motivating delivery

  • Clear indicators of progress

  • Opportunities to practice skills in class

  • Celebrations of success

  • How much teacher time does the pupil have?

West Suffolk Special Schools' Outreach Service


Supporting colleagues
Supporting colleagues between 7 and 11 years at School Action Plus in 2009

  • Pupil profile

  • Inclusive teaching strategies

  • Staff development

    ……..cultural change……..

West Suffolk Special Schools' Outreach Service


Memory auditory and visual
Memory – auditory and visual between 7 and 11 years at School Action Plus in 2009

What makes it easy to remember things?

What makes it difficult?

West Suffolk Special Schools' Outreach Service


Memory auditory and visual1
Memory – auditory and visual between 7 and 11 years at School Action Plus in 2009

1. Be relaxed

Before 2. Believe in yourself

3. Switch on to learning

4. Actively use all senses

During 5. Exaggerate the facts

6. Make links

After 7. Revise-Revisit-Recall

West Suffolk Special Schools' Outreach Service


Supporting working memory
Supporting Working Memory between 7 and 11 years at School Action Plus in 2009

What is the purpose of the task?

Is it meant to be a memory test?

West Suffolk Special Schools' Outreach Service


Supporting working memory1
Supporting Working Memory between 7 and 11 years at School Action Plus in 2009

  • Gain pupil’s eye contact/attention

  • Use vocabulary and concepts at a level the pupil can understand

  • Reduce working memory loads

  • Make sure tasks are clear

  • Encourage the requesting of forgotten information

  • Focus on important information, regularly review

  • Sustain attention by using multi-sensory approach, realistic pace of work, chunking information etc

  • Use word tree, mind mapping, icons, photos and other visuals/memory aids

West Suffolk Special Schools' Outreach Service


Supporting colleagues1
Supporting colleagues between 7 and 11 years at School Action Plus in 2009

Given the characteristics of an MLD profile –

What strategies can you advise colleagues to build into their lessons to increase accessibility?

What resources would be useful to support learning?

West Suffolk Special Schools' Outreach Service


Strategies
Strategies between 7 and 11 years at School Action Plus in 2009

  • Differentiated outcomes/tasks

  • Small steps, clear focus, structure

  • Multisensory approach with visual/concrete aids

  • Simple, familiar language with repetition

West Suffolk Special Schools' Outreach Service


Aids and support
Aids and support between 7 and 11 years at School Action Plus in 2009

Opportunities for:

  • clarification/checking understanding

  • pre-tutoring, especially of vocabulary

  • use of visual prompts/reminders

  • use of ICT, physical equipment

  • TA support

West Suffolk Special Schools' Outreach Service


Remember to
Remember to ….. between 7 and 11 years at School Action Plus in 2009

Recognise and celebrate each small achievement

West Suffolk Special Schools' Outreach Service


Sources of help and support
Sources of help and support between 7 and 11 years at School Action Plus in 2009

  • LA team

  • Lead Practitioners, AS Teachers

  • Specialist provision/Outreach Services

    Lowestoft - The Ashley School (KS1&2)

    www.ashleyschool.co.uk

    West Suffolk Special Schools’ Outreach Service

    www.specialschoolsoutreach.org.uk

West Suffolk Special Schools' Outreach Service


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