President: 1901-1909. Theodore Roosevelt. Took over after McKinley assassinated, left for Taft to take over, ran again in 1912 as 3 rd Party. "We must see that each is given a square deal…"
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“When I say I believe in a square deal I do not mean [that it is] possible to give every man the best hand…. All I mean is that there shall not be any crookedness in the dealing…. We must treat each man on his worth and merits as a man. We must see that each is given a square deal, because he is entitled to no more and should receive no less….
Case taken to Supreme Court on Roosevelt’s insistence
Supreme Court ruled that combining the three companies violated the Sherman Anti-Trust Act
TR viewed as a trustbuster (enforcer of Sherman)
1902 Anthracite Coal Strike
United Mine Workers go on strike, months pass with no end of strike
Winter approaching and miners still on strike
TR threatened to send in the Army to run the mines if nothing fixed.
Arbitration finally agreed upon and miners back to work
TR running as a 3rd Party ensured a Republican loss by splitting Republican voters between him and Taft
Debs ran a strong Socialist Party campaign
Major ideologies were between TR’s New Nationalism and
WW’s New Freedom plans
New Nationalism of TR
New Freedom of WW
Destroy “BAD” trusts
Destroy “ALL” trusts
Protect women/children in labor
Smaller Federal Government
New Federal Trade Commission