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Second Meeting of Ministers of Social Development. Pablino Cáceres Paredes Minister Ministry of Social Action, Paraguay. 2 nd Plenary Session Fiscal Sustainability . Strengthening and sustaining social protection systems. Cali, Colombia July 8 – 9, 2010.

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Strengthening and sustaining social protection systems

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Strengthening and sustaining social protection systems

Second Meeting of Ministers of Social Development

Pablino Cáceres Paredes

Minister

Ministry of Social Action, Paraguay

2nd Plenary Session

Fiscal Sustainability

Strengthening and sustaining social protection systems

Cali, Colombia

July 8 – 9, 2010


Strengthening and sustaining social protection systems

Paraguay is a country of contrasts, rich in resources, but with large sectors of the population in poverty

Poverty, the country’s most serious problem

Total population

Poor population

Poor

37.9%

2,324,556

In food poverty + ability poverty:

1,165,384 persons

or 208,104 families

Extreme poor

50.1%

Not poor

62.1%

Families under Social Protection

July 2010: 116,000 families protected

December 2010:150,000 families protected

December 2010:200,000 families identified


Strengthening and sustaining social protection systems

CCTs in Paraguay

OBJECTIVE

STRATEGY

COMPONENTS

Contribute to poverty reduction and breaking the inter-generational cycle of extreme poverty

Generate human capital in homes in extreme poverty through incentives for access to and use of health, nutrition, and education services and to improve consumption capacity..

PUBLIC OFFER

Guarantee the offer and the access of a package of services including health, nutrition and education according the life cycle of the beneficiaries, in co responsibility with the respective sectors of the national, regional and local government.

CASH TRANSFERS

Deliver cash transfers to participating households that fulfill their co responsibilities

Tekoporâ:

“Live well”, Conditional (Co responsible) Cash Transfer Program (CCT)


Strengthening and sustaining social protection systems

The reality faced by

the beneficiaries of the Tekoporâ Program

Poverty is not neutral

About the family members of Tekoporâ beneficiary families:

• 54% are children and adolescents under 18 years of age;

• 40% are not in the civil registry and thus do not have an identity card.

• 95% have no medical insurance.

  • Beneficiary households:

  • 60% families live in overcrowded conditions (3 or more persons per room);

  • 85% live inhomes with walls made of wood;

  • 74% live in homes with dirt floors;

  • 96% of the households use firewood to cook food;

  • Around 40% do not have a designated area in which to bathe;

  • Only 1% have an electric shower;

  • 92% use a common latrine;

  • 18% have no access to electricity;

  • 72% do not have a refrigerator;

  • 90% speak only guaraní.


Strengthening and sustaining social protection systems

The poorest families suffer from:

TEKOPORÂ

Lack of identity

+

Nutrition deficiency and lack access to adequate food

Require a multidimensional approach

+

Low health standards

+

  • Lack of income

  • Basic needs unsatisfied

  • Lack of social and economic opportunities

High drop out rates and low matriculation rates in schools

+

Scarce capacity of mothers in nutritional and hygiene practices

+

Difficult access to financial services

+

Unstable living conditions/infrastructure

+

Low income


Strengthening and sustaining social protection systems

Risks faced by the beneficiaries of the Tekoporă Program

Child labor

Crime and Violence

Illiteracy, low levels of education

Household Poverty Trap

Lack of business/job capital

Malnutrition and Illness

Lack of Identity


Strengthening and sustaining social protection systems

Breaking the vicious cycle of poverty through a coordinated strategy

It is an integral intervention strategy and coordinated by the different entities and levels of state to improve the living conditions of families in situations of extreme poverty.

Consolidate all social programs in the selected families in order to reach a series of basic achievements.

SOCIAL PROTECTION NETWORK FOR OVERCOMING EXTREME POVERTY


Strengthening and sustaining social protection systems

Make the offer of public services compatible with the demand created by CCT programs

Preferential access to state social programs.

Education sessions on nutrition, adequate family hygiene, social development.

Family Dynamic

SAS – Ministry of Social Action (Ministries of the Presidency of the Republic)

BNF – Financing Agency for Development

Banking services and saving

Savings account and access to credit

Improvements to the kitchen, dining room, and bathroom infrastructure. Sanitary infrastructure

CONAVI - SAS

Living conditions

Vocational Training; starting productive projects; temporary work

MAG – MOPC – MIC - MJT

Income and Work


Strengthening and sustaining social protection systems

Positive impacts in the quantitative and qualitative indicators of social programs

  • Reduction of extreme poverty.

  • Reduction of malnutrition.

  • Reduction of morbidity.

  • Reduction of maternal and infant mortality.

  • Rise in school matriculation.

  • Rise in retention and reentrance in school.

  • Rise in documented persons.

  • Rise in number of community organizations.

  • Women participating in families and communities.

  • Families know of the existing resources and community programs.

  • Improvement in individual and community self-esteem and confidence level.

  • Change of attitude in the beneficiaries.


Strengthening and sustaining social protection systems

“Social Protection”, under permanent risk!


Strengthening and sustaining social protection systems

Transfer program with co responsibility

Preferential Access to Social Programs

Universal policies and programs

Economic and Social Inclusion

Social Promotion

Social Protection

Criticism of traditional CCTs

  • They do not encompass the situation of structural poverty in the short-medium term

  • Little emphasis on the accumulation of human or physical capital or in the productive capacity of adults.

Address the Problem of Poverty in three areas:


Strengthening and sustaining social protection systems

  • Pasan de ser programas de Estado y no de Gobierno.

  • The IRP as a income generation strategy.

  • Strengthen networks, to overcome prejudices and stereotypes that hinder protection.

  • Arrange the dissemination of successful experiences of all the countries that make up the CIDES.

  • Prioritize the communication of best practices.

The need to reinforce social protection programs:


Strengthening and sustaining social protection systems

The need to reinforce social protection programs:

  • Stimulate private companies through a tax resolution; tax breaks for companies that donate annually of periodically to a social program.

  • Designate a percentage of the royalties from binationals such as Yacyretâ and Itaipú to state social programs.

  • Generate taxes on certain imported goods; as well as court fees and agribusiness.

  • Create a law for protection and food security that deems a percentage of the general national budget must go to social protection and food security programs.


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