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Today we will…. Recall what a case study is and some examples from cognitive psychology Examine what is involved in compiling a case study Discuss how a psychologist might select information for a case study Consider how case studies may contribute to psychological research.

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Presentation Transcript
today we will
Today we will…
  • Recall what a case study is and some examples from cognitive psychology
  • Examine what is involved in compiling a case study
  • Discuss how a psychologist might select information for a case study
  • Consider how case studies may contribute to psychological research

psychlotron.org.uk

case studies
Case studies
  • Which case studies do you know?
  • From cognitive psychology:
    • HM – anterograde amnesia following surgery to reduce epilepsy
    • KF – STM deficits following head injury
    • Clive Wearing – retrograde & anterograde amnesia following viral brain infection

psychlotron.org.uk

case studies1
Case studies
  • In depth study of:
    • An individual or small group
    • A specific environment
  • Draws on a range of sources of data according to the purpose e.g.:
    • Clinical psychology
    • Educational psychology
    • Sports psychology

psychlotron.org.uk

what s in a case study
What’s in a case study?
  • Case history
  • Description (& diagnosis) of problem/issue
  • Record of treatment/intervention
  • Record of outcomes

psychlotron.org.uk

what s in a case study1
What’s in a case study?
  • Biographical information (e.g. interviews)
  • Observations
  • Psychological test results
  • Pre-existing records (e.g. school, employment, medical)
  • Reports from others

psychlotron.org.uk

case studies2
Strengths

Rich, qualitative data provides in-depth understanding (non-reductive)

Can track and describe change over time (not just a ‘snapshot’)

Weaknesses

Heavy reliance on retrospective & self-report data

Non-standardised methods may be difficult to replicate

Lack of generalisability

Case studies

psychlotron.org.uk

case studies and other research

Theory

Research

Practice

Case studies and other research
  • Generate new theoretical ideas
  • Test out existing theories
  • Develop new measuring instruments and research techniques

psychlotron.org.uk

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