The Erechtheion. 421-405 B.C.E. The Construction. Designed by Philokes. Constructed during 421-405 B.C.E. Located on the Acropolis in Athens. Considered an Ionic masterpiece. Erechtheion Site Plan. Site Significance. The Erechtheion temple sits on a mythical site.
Designed by Philokes
Constructed during 421-405 B.C.E.
Located on the Acropolis in Athens
Considered an Ionic masterpiece
Erechtheion Site Plan
The Erechtheion temple sits on a mythical site
According to the Legend, a contest between Athena and Poseidon was held
to claim Athens in which Poseidon caused salt water to spring at the site. Athena won
the contest by making an olive tree to sprout
The olive tree still stands!
Statue of Poseidon
Statute of Athena
Built on a sloping site and accommodates to it
Separate porticos with different sized columns
The Porch of the Maidens
Erechtheion Elevation View
Located on the southern portion of the Erechtheion
Statues of women are used instead of the typical Ionic column
Columns are referred to as “caryatids” after beautiful, captive women of Caria
Cast mold caryatids stand in place of the
Original caryatids in a Greek Museum
Stolen caryatid in the British Museum