MANDATOS FORMALES
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MANDATOS FORMALES (FORMAL COMMANDS). In Spanish, there are special verb forms used when one gives a “command” Ex: Leave now! Do the homework! Don’t talk!. Depending on who you are speaking to, here are the command possibilities….. “Formal” (USTED & USTEDES)

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MANDATOS FORMALES (FORMAL COMMANDS)

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Mandatos formales formal commands

MANDATOS FORMALES

(FORMAL COMMANDS)


Mandatos formales formal commands

In Spanish, there are special verb forms used when one gives a “command”

Ex: Leave now!

Do the homework!

Don’t talk!


Mandatos formales formal commands

Depending on who you are speaking to, here are the command possibilities…..

“Formal” (USTED & USTEDES)

“Informal” (TÚ & VOSOTROS)

We are going to learn the

USTED & USTEDES now…!


Mandatos formales formal commands

To form the command:

1.“yo” form in present tense:

cantar = cantoabrir = abrobeber = bebo

2. Remove the “o” and add “opposite vowel”

(Add “n” also for the plural ustedes command)

-ar verbs= e(n)

-er/-ir verbs= a(n)

¡cante usted! or ¡canten ustedes!

¡abra usted!or¡abran ustedes!

¡beba usted!or¡beban ustedes!


Mandatos formales formal commands

  • Negative commands:

  • Add “no” directly in front of command form.

  • ¡no cante! or ¡no canten!

  • ¡no abra! or¡no abran!

  • ¡no beba!or¡no beban!


Mandatos formales formal commands

4.Why even consider the “yo” form in present?

CAREFULto remember irregular yo forms and stem changing verbs!

poner =pongo=¡ponga(n)!

hacer=hago=¡haga(n)!

salir=salgo=¡salga(n)!

venir=vengo=¡venga(n)!

decir=digo=¡diga(n)!

volver=vuelvo=¡vuelva(n)!

hervir=hiervo=¡hierva(n)!

pedir=pido=¡pida(n)!


Mandatos formales formal commands

  • -CAR, -GAR, -ZAR verbs.

  • Remember spelling patterns!

  • buscar=busco=busque(n)

  • llegar=llego= llegue(n)

  • empezar=empiezo=empiece(n)


Mandatos formales formal commands

6. Irregular Formal Commands (only 5 verbs!)

UstedUstedes

ir=vaya vayan

ser=seasean

saber =sepasepan

estar = estéestén

dar=déden


Mandatos formales formal commands

7. Pronoun Placement With Commands

(reflexive verbs, IOP’s & DOP’s)

Affirmative: “Attach ‘em!

(add accent on original stress)

Negative: “Don’t attach ‘em!”


Mandatos formales formal commands

Examples:

InfinitiveAffirmative Ud.Negative Ud.

divertirse ¡diviértase!¡no se divierta!

levantarse¡levántese!¡no se levante!

lavarse¡lávese!¡no se lave!

preparar¡prepáreme!¡no me prepare!

hablar¡háblele!¡no le hable!

esperar¡espérenos!¡no nos espere!

decir¡dígamelo!¡no me lo diga!

traer¡tráigaselos! ¡no se los traiga!

servir¡sírvanoslas!¡no nos las sirva!


Mandatos formales formal commands

  • REVIEW OF PRONUNCIATION RULES!

  • 1. Word ends in vowel, N, S= Stress NEXT TO LASTsyllable

  • zapatos cuadernoranura

  • cebollarebanada ella retira

  • yo hablabaellos trabajan

  • 2. Word ends in any other consonant = Stress LASTsyllable

  • comerllegarbeber

  • ciudad terminal coliflor

  • congelador arrozpapel

  • Dipthongsaa

  • eie

  • ouo

  • Exs: cua/der/no cien/ciaspei/nar/se

  • puer/taair/eaur/i/cu/lar


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