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MANDATOS FORMALES (FORMAL COMMANDS)

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MANDATOS FORMALES (FORMAL COMMANDS). In Spanish, there are special verb forms used when one gives a “command” Ex: Leave now! Do the homework! Don’t talk!. Depending on who you are speaking to, here are the command possibilities….. “Formal” (USTED & USTEDES)

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MANDATOS FORMALES

(FORMAL COMMANDS)

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In Spanish, there are special verb forms used when one gives a “command”

Ex: Leave now!

Do the homework!

Don’t talk!

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Depending on who you are speaking to, here are the command possibilities…..

“Formal” (USTED & USTEDES)

“Informal” (TÚ & VOSOTROS)

We are going to learn the

USTED & USTEDES now…!

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To form the command:

1.“yo” form in present tense:

cantar = canto abrir = abro beber = bebo

2. Remove the “o” and add “opposite vowel”

(Add “n” also for the plural ustedes command)

-ar verbs = e(n)

-er/-ir verbs = a(n)

¡cante usted! or ¡canten ustedes!

¡abra usted! or ¡abran ustedes!

¡beba usted! or ¡beban ustedes!

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Negative commands:

  • Add “no” directly in front of command form.
  • ¡no cante! or ¡no canten!
  • ¡no abra! or ¡no abran!
  • ¡no beba! or ¡no beban!
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4.Why even consider the “yo” form in present?

CAREFULto remember irregular yo forms and stem changing verbs!

poner = pongo = ¡ponga(n)!

hacer = hago = ¡haga(n)!

salir = salgo = ¡salga(n)!

venir = vengo = ¡venga(n)!

decir = digo = ¡diga(n)!

volver = vuelvo = ¡vuelva(n)!

hervir = hiervo = ¡hierva(n)!

pedir = pido = ¡pida(n)!

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-CAR, -GAR, -ZAR verbs.

  • Remember spelling patterns!
  • buscar = busco = busque(n)
  • llegar = llego = llegue(n)
  • empezar = empiezo = empiece(n)
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6. Irregular Formal Commands (only 5 verbs!)

UstedUstedes

ir = vaya vayan

ser = sea sean

saber = sepa sepan

estar = esté estén

dar = dé den

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7. Pronoun Placement With Commands

(reflexive verbs, IOP’s & DOP’s)

Affirmative: “Attach ‘em!

(add accent on original stress)

Negative: “Don’t attach ‘em!”

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Examples:

InfinitiveAffirmative Ud.Negative Ud.

divertirse ¡diviértase! ¡no se divierta!

levantarse ¡levántese! ¡no se levante!

lavarse ¡lávese! ¡no se lave!

preparar ¡prepáreme! ¡no me prepare!

hablar ¡háblele! ¡no le hable!

esperar ¡espérenos! ¡no nos espere!

decir ¡dígamelo! ¡no me lo diga!

traer ¡tráigaselos! ¡no se los traiga!

servir ¡sírvanoslas! ¡no nos las sirva!

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REVIEW OF PRONUNCIATION RULES!

  • 1. Word ends in vowel, N, S = Stress NEXT TO LASTsyllable
  • zapatos cuaderno ranura
  • cebolla rebanada ella retira
  • yo hablabaellos trabajan
  • 2. Word ends in any other consonant = Stress LASTsyllable
  • comer llegar beber
  • ciudad terminal coliflor
  • congelador arroz papel
  • Dipthongs a a
  • e i e
  • o u o
  • Exs: cua/der/no cien/cias pei/nar/se
  • puer/ta air/e aur/i/cu/lar
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