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Fisheries of Korea. Kwang – Soo , Lim Deputy Minister for Fisheries Policy. Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. [ Contents ]. Marine Environment Fisheries in Korea Fisheries Policy Growth momentum for fisheries. 1. Marine Environment. Seas surrounding Korea.

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Fisheries of Korea

Kwang –Soo, Lim

Deputy Minister for Fisheries Policy

Ministry for Food, Agriculture,

Forestry and Fisheries


[Contents ]

  • Marine Environment

  • Fisheries in Korea

  • Fisheries Policy

  • Growth momentum for fisheries


1. Marine Environment


Seas surrounding Korea


  • Coastline : 14,533km (South Korea 11,542km)

  • Islands : 4,198 (South Korea 3,153)

Cold

KOREA

CHINA

JAPAN

Warm


West coast

  • Average depth : 44m

  • Mud flats

  • Low salinity

  • High nutrients

  • Croaker, Flounder

  • Prawn, Hairtail, Blue crab


East coast

  • Average depth : 1,700m

  • Cold water at the bottom

  • Warm water at the top

  • Squid, Saury, Alaska Pollack,

  • Yellowtail, Red crab


South coast

  • Anchovy, Mackerel

  • Eel, Sea bream, Filefish, Tuna

  • Center of Korean Aquaculture


Geomorphology


2. Fisheries in Korea


Production (2010)

  • 3.1 million tonnes (2.1% of world production)

(Unit: 1,000 tonnes)


World's Fisheries Production

(2008, including aquatic plants unit = 1,000 tons)


Changes in Contribution

1980 1990 2000 2010


Fishing Vessels

  • Sustainable level : 39,903 vessels

    • Current : 47,751 (16% over)

  • Scraped 16,642 during ’94~’10 (1,546 billion won)

68,629

47,521

39,903

2000 2010 Goal


Aquaculture Production

  • Global top in aquaculture production per nation’s territory

    14.2 ton / km2

    * China: 42 million ton (world top), but production / territory = 4.4 ton ㎢

14.2

8.0

7.6

4.4

3.1

2.6

  • World aquaculture production (million ton) : China (42.6), Indonesia (3.8), India (3.5), Vietnam (2.5), Philippines (2.4), Korea (1.4)

1.0

Korea ChinaJapanIndiaVietnam Norway Philippines


Fishing Households

129,734

69,379


Trade

(unit: 1,000 US$)

liberalization of imports

Import

Export


Growing demand for fish

  • Fish consumption per-capita increased by 57% during last 10 years

  • Supply 40% of animal protein

  • China market demand is growing rapidly → export market

Chinese fish consumption (kg/yr)

Korean Food consumption (kg/yr)

103

30

rice

86

fish

55

22

meat

41

35

11

1998 2008

2000 2006 2009


3. Fisheries Policy


Historyof fisheries governance

1948

Fisheries Bureauin the Ministry of Commerce and Industry

1966~ 1996

Fisheries Administration

1996~ 2007

Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries

Since 2008

Ministry for the Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries


MIFAFF (Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries)


Major management tools

  • Input/Output control

    • fishing license 3,957 / TAC for 12 species

  • Buy-Back program (since 1994)

    • scrapped 16,642 vessels

  • Technical measures

    • Closed areas and seasons, Landing, etc.

  • Community based management (since 2001)

    • managed by people who use them

    • increasing both participants 10 times and income 8~9% / yr.


Comparison of fishery policies


Aquaculture management

  • Input controls

    • licenses: 13,409 (266,717 ha)

    • limit on aquaculture access => small-scale business

      • prohibition of license lease

      • restriction on farm size (less than 60 ha) & large company’s entry

  • Technical measure

    • restrictions on antibiotics usage

    • drain water quality conservation


Processing / Marketing

  • Processing market size: $62 billion

    • Certification schemes & Place-of-origin labeling system

    • Electronic wholesale market & internet fisheries market

    • HACCP on Aquaculture & processing factories, etc.

  • Federation of Fisheries Cooperatives

    • Markets around producing & consumption areas

    • - Consignment sale spots:160 places (landing ports : 202)

    • - Wholesale markets (downtown)


Fishing village & port

  • Fishing village renovation

    • Comprehensive fishing village development project (’94 ~ )

    • Sister City and Village Program (city vs. fishing village)

    • Fishing village camp

  • Fishing Port

    • National fishing port management (110 sites)

    • Marine debris collecting vessel in fishing port

    • Overseas fishing port building (with relation to ODA)


Human resources

  • Human Resources Enforcement

    • Cultivate fisheries successor (‘81~’10): 18,750 person

    • Fisheries population (’10): 171,000 person

  • Declining and Graying Population

370

thousand person

over 60 years old

171

130

36%

60%

25%

1995 2010 2020

< Fisheries Population Outlook>


4. Growth momentum for fisheries


Paradigm shift


Sustainable Fisheries

  • Commencement of New Decommission Scheme

    • Application-base ⇒ government’s official authority

    • - target: over-fishing gear (e. g. trawl)

  • Stock Recovery of about 30 Species by 2020

  • Port (landing) Control to Prevent IUU Fishing Activities

  • Modernization of Fishing Vessels

    • Crews’ welfare & low-carbon emission


Aquaculture

  • Abolition of access limit (step by step) => scale-up

    • permit farm size more than 60 ha & license lease

    • allow company’s entry

  • Expansion of aquaculture farm

    • coastal to off-sea, mud flat & city (fish factory)


  • Marine biomass

    • Develop mass production tech. of seaweeds & micro-algae

    • Extract bio-fuel, pulp, and plastic from marine biomass

    • * 1 million ha. of seaweeds farm: 4,500 million liters of motor fuel (50% of domestic consumption)

    Bio-fuel

    Pulp

    Plastic

    Medicine


    Bio-medicine

    • Challenge: Difficulty in collecting marine life from nature

    • Solution: Aquaculture-mass production of useful marine life

    Cone shell in naturemass production by aquaculture extraction


    Genetic breeding

    • Flounder, abalone, and other major species

    • 3rd generation flounder : 40%

    • - Faster growth rate

    • - Stronger for disease.

    • - Expected to lower production

    • cost by 40%

    * Norway salmon: 10th generation. 300% faster growth rate. Occupies 70% of world market


    Aqua-pet

    • World market size : 23 billion US$

    • Marine ornamental fish : decreased by resource depletion, reef destruction

    • Development of new species for aquaculture


    Food industry

    • Expanding HACCP: fishing farm to markets

    • Adopting Eco-labeling system (proposed by FAO)

    SAFETY

    HYGIENE

    • Building Fisheries Base Processing Center

    • - Simple Collection -> Packing, clean & processing

    • Creating local food industry complex

    • Promoting local Food brands

    QUALITY


    Human resources

    Spread of success story

    Reinforcement of consulting & info. sharing

    CEO

    Incentives for nation certification holders

    Silver tech. to cope with aging society

    ENGINEER

    International Fisheries Education Institution

    International Observer Center

    GOLBAL


    THANK YOU


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