Fisheries of korea
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 38

Fisheries of Korea PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 158 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Fisheries of Korea. Kwang – Soo , Lim Deputy Minister for Fisheries Policy. Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. [ Contents ]. Marine Environment Fisheries in Korea Fisheries Policy Growth momentum for fisheries. 1. Marine Environment. Seas surrounding Korea.

Download Presentation

Fisheries of Korea

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Fisheries of korea

Fisheries of Korea

Kwang –Soo, Lim

Deputy Minister for Fisheries Policy

Ministry for Food, Agriculture,

Forestry and Fisheries


Contents

[Contents ]

  • Marine Environment

  • Fisheries in Korea

  • Fisheries Policy

  • Growth momentum for fisheries


1 marine environment

1. Marine Environment


Fisheries of korea

Seas surrounding Korea


Fisheries of korea

  • Coastline : 14,533km (South Korea 11,542km)

  • Islands : 4,198 (South Korea 3,153)

Cold

KOREA

CHINA

JAPAN

Warm


Fisheries of korea

West coast

  • Average depth : 44m

  • Mud flats

  • Low salinity

  • High nutrients

  • Croaker, Flounder

  • Prawn, Hairtail, Blue crab


Fisheries of korea

East coast

  • Average depth : 1,700m

  • Cold water at the bottom

  • Warm water at the top

  • Squid, Saury, Alaska Pollack,

  • Yellowtail, Red crab


Fisheries of korea

South coast

  • Anchovy, Mackerel

  • Eel, Sea bream, Filefish, Tuna

  • Center of Korean Aquaculture


Fisheries of korea

Geomorphology


2 fisheries in korea

2. Fisheries in Korea


Fisheries of korea

Production (2010)

  • 3.1 million tonnes (2.1% of world production)

(Unit: 1,000 tonnes)


Fisheries of korea

World's Fisheries Production

(2008, including aquatic plants unit = 1,000 tons)


Fisheries of korea

Changes in Contribution

1980 1990 2000 2010


Fisheries of korea

Fishing Vessels

  • Sustainable level : 39,903 vessels

    • Current : 47,751 (16% over)

  • Scraped 16,642 during ’94~’10 (1,546 billion won)

68,629

47,521

39,903

2000 2010 Goal


Fisheries of korea

Aquaculture Production

  • Global top in aquaculture production per nation’s territory

    14.2 ton / km2

    * China: 42 million ton (world top), but production / territory = 4.4 ton ㎢

14.2

8.0

7.6

4.4

3.1

2.6

  • World aquaculture production (million ton) : China (42.6), Indonesia (3.8), India (3.5), Vietnam (2.5), Philippines (2.4), Korea (1.4)

1.0

Korea ChinaJapanIndiaVietnam Norway Philippines


Fisheries of korea

Fishing Households

129,734

69,379


Fisheries of korea

Trade

(unit: 1,000 US$)

liberalization of imports

Import

Export


Fisheries of korea

Growing demand for fish

  • Fish consumption per-capita increased by 57% during last 10 years

  • Supply 40% of animal protein

  • China market demand is growing rapidly → export market

Chinese fish consumption (kg/yr)

Korean Food consumption (kg/yr)

103

30

rice

86

fish

55

22

meat

41

35

11

1998 2008

2000 2006 2009


3 fisheries policy

3. Fisheries Policy


Fisheries of korea

Historyof fisheries governance

1948

Fisheries Bureauin the Ministry of Commerce and Industry

1966~ 1996

Fisheries Administration

1996~ 2007

Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries

Since 2008

Ministry for the Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries


Fisheries of korea

MIFAFF (Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries)


Fisheries of korea

Major management tools

  • Input/Output control

    • fishing license 3,957 / TAC for 12 species

  • Buy-Back program (since 1994)

    • scrapped 16,642 vessels

  • Technical measures

    • Closed areas and seasons, Landing, etc.

  • Community based management (since 2001)

    • managed by people who use them

    • increasing both participants 10 times and income 8~9% / yr.


Fisheries of korea

Comparison of fishery policies


Fisheries of korea

Aquaculture management

  • Input controls

    • licenses: 13,409 (266,717 ha)

    • limit on aquaculture access => small-scale business

      • prohibition of license lease

      • restriction on farm size (less than 60 ha) & large company’s entry

  • Technical measure

    • restrictions on antibiotics usage

    • drain water quality conservation


Fisheries of korea

Processing / Marketing

  • Processing market size: $62 billion

    • Certification schemes & Place-of-origin labeling system

    • Electronic wholesale market & internet fisheries market

    • HACCP on Aquaculture & processing factories, etc.

  • Federation of Fisheries Cooperatives

    • Markets around producing & consumption areas

    • - Consignment sale spots:160 places (landing ports : 202)

    • - Wholesale markets (downtown)


Fisheries of korea

Fishing village & port

  • Fishing village renovation

    • Comprehensive fishing village development project (’94 ~ )

    • Sister City and Village Program (city vs. fishing village)

    • Fishing village camp

  • Fishing Port

    • National fishing port management (110 sites)

    • Marine debris collecting vessel in fishing port

    • Overseas fishing port building (with relation to ODA)


Fisheries of korea

Human resources

  • Human Resources Enforcement

    • Cultivate fisheries successor (‘81~’10): 18,750 person

    • Fisheries population (’10): 171,000 person

  • Declining and Graying Population

370

thousand person

over 60 years old

171

130

36%

60%

25%

1995 2010 2020

< Fisheries Population Outlook>


4 growth momentum for fisheries

4. Growth momentum for fisheries


Fisheries of korea

Paradigm shift


Fisheries of korea

Sustainable Fisheries

  • Commencement of New Decommission Scheme

    • Application-base ⇒ government’s official authority

    • - target: over-fishing gear (e. g. trawl)

  • Stock Recovery of about 30 Species by 2020

  • Port (landing) Control to Prevent IUU Fishing Activities

  • Modernization of Fishing Vessels

    • Crews’ welfare & low-carbon emission


Fisheries of korea

Aquaculture

  • Abolition of access limit (step by step) => scale-up

    • permit farm size more than 60 ha & license lease

    • allow company’s entry

  • Expansion of aquaculture farm

    • coastal to off-sea, mud flat & city (fish factory)


  • Marine biomass

    Marine biomass

    • Develop mass production tech. of seaweeds & micro-algae

    • Extract bio-fuel, pulp, and plastic from marine biomass

    • * 1 million ha. of seaweeds farm: 4,500 million liters of motor fuel (50% of domestic consumption)

    Bio-fuel

    Pulp

    Plastic

    Medicine


    Bio medicine

    Bio-medicine

    • Challenge: Difficulty in collecting marine life from nature

    • Solution: Aquaculture-mass production of useful marine life

    Cone shell in naturemass production by aquaculture extraction


    Genetic breeding

    Genetic breeding

    • Flounder, abalone, and other major species

    • 3rd generation flounder : 40%

    • - Faster growth rate

    • - Stronger for disease.

    • - Expected to lower production

    • cost by 40%

    * Norway salmon: 10th generation. 300% faster growth rate. Occupies 70% of world market


    Aqua pet

    Aqua-pet

    • World market size : 23 billion US$

    • Marine ornamental fish : decreased by resource depletion, reef destruction

    • Development of new species for aquaculture


    Fisheries of korea

    Food industry

    • Expanding HACCP: fishing farm to markets

    • Adopting Eco-labeling system (proposed by FAO)

    SAFETY

    HYGIENE

    • Building Fisheries Base Processing Center

    • - Simple Collection -> Packing, clean & processing

    • Creating local food industry complex

    • Promoting local Food brands

    QUALITY


    Fisheries of korea

    Human resources

    Spread of success story

    Reinforcement of consulting & info. sharing

    CEO

    Incentives for nation certification holders

    Silver tech. to cope with aging society

    ENGINEER

    International Fisheries Education Institution

    International Observer Center

    GOLBAL


    Fisheries of korea

    THANK YOU


  • Login