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Fisheries of Korea. Kwang – Soo , Lim Deputy Minister for Fisheries Policy. Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. [ Contents ]. Marine Environment Fisheries in Korea Fisheries Policy Growth momentum for fisheries. 1. Marine Environment. Seas surrounding Korea.

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Fisheries of korea

Fisheries of Korea

Kwang –Soo, Lim

Deputy Minister for Fisheries Policy

Ministry for Food, Agriculture,

Forestry and Fisheries


Contents
[Contents ]

  • Marine Environment

  • Fisheries in Korea

  • Fisheries Policy

  • Growth momentum for fisheries




Cold

KOREA

CHINA

JAPAN

Warm


West coast

  • Average depth : 44m

  • Mud flats

  • Low salinity

  • High nutrients

  • Croaker, Flounder

  • Prawn, Hairtail, Blue crab


East coast

  • Average depth : 1,700m

  • Cold water at the bottom

  • Warm water at the top

  • Squid, Saury, Alaska Pollack,

  • Yellowtail, Red crab


South coast

  • Anchovy, Mackerel

  • Eel, Sea bream, Filefish, Tuna

  • Center of Korean Aquaculture




Production (2010)

  • 3.1 million tonnes (2.1% of world production)

(Unit: 1,000 tonnes)


World's Fisheries Production

(2008, including aquatic plants unit = 1,000 tons)


Changes in Contribution

1980 1990 2000 2010


Fishing Vessels

  • Sustainable level : 39,903 vessels

    • Current : 47,751 (16% over)

  • Scraped 16,642 during ’94~’10 (1,546 billion won)

68,629

47,521

39,903

2000 2010 Goal


Aquaculture Production

  • Global top in aquaculture production per nation’s territory

    14.2 ton / km2

    * China: 42 million ton (world top), but production / territory = 4.4 ton ㎢

14.2

8.0

7.6

4.4

3.1

2.6

  • World aquaculture production (million ton) : China (42.6), Indonesia (3.8), India (3.5), Vietnam (2.5), Philippines (2.4), Korea (1.4)

1.0

Korea ChinaJapanIndiaVietnam Norway Philippines


Fishing Households

129,734

69,379


Trade

(unit: 1,000 US$)

liberalization of imports

Import

Export


Growing demand for fish

  • Fish consumption per-capita increased by 57% during last 10 years

  • Supply 40% of animal protein

  • China market demand is growing rapidly → export market

Chinese fish consumption (kg/yr)

Korean Food consumption (kg/yr)

103

30

rice

86

fish

55

22

meat

41

35

11

1998 2008

2000 2006 2009


3 fisheries policy
3. Fisheries Policy


Historyof fisheries governance

1948

Fisheries Bureauin the Ministry of Commerce and Industry

1966~ 1996

Fisheries Administration

1996~ 2007

Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries

Since 2008

Ministry for the Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries


MIFAFF (Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries)


Major management tools

  • Input/Output control

    • fishing license 3,957 / TAC for 12 species

  • Buy-Back program (since 1994)

    • scrapped 16,642 vessels

  • Technical measures

    • Closed areas and seasons, Landing, etc.

  • Community based management (since 2001)

    • managed by people who use them

    • increasing both participants 10 times and income 8~9% / yr.



Aquaculture management

  • Input controls

    • licenses: 13,409 (266,717 ha)

    • limit on aquaculture access => small-scale business

      • prohibition of license lease

      • restriction on farm size (less than 60 ha) & large company’s entry

  • Technical measure

    • restrictions on antibiotics usage

    • drain water quality conservation


Processing / Marketing

  • Processing market size: $62 billion

    • Certification schemes & Place-of-origin labeling system

    • Electronic wholesale market & internet fisheries market

    • HACCP on Aquaculture & processing factories, etc.

  • Federation of Fisheries Cooperatives

    • Markets around producing & consumption areas

    • - Consignment sale spots:160 places (landing ports : 202)

    • - Wholesale markets (downtown)


Fishing village & port

  • Fishing village renovation

    • Comprehensive fishing village development project (’94 ~ )

    • Sister City and Village Program (city vs. fishing village)

    • Fishing village camp

  • Fishing Port

    • National fishing port management (110 sites)

    • Marine debris collecting vessel in fishing port

    • Overseas fishing port building (with relation to ODA)


Human resources

  • Human Resources Enforcement

    • Cultivate fisheries successor (‘81~’10): 18,750 person

    • Fisheries population (’10): 171,000 person

  • Declining and Graying Population

370

thousand person

over 60 years old

171

130

36%

60%

25%

1995 2010 2020

< Fisheries Population Outlook>




Sustainable Fisheries

  • Commencement of New Decommission Scheme

    • Application-base ⇒ government’s official authority

    • - target: over-fishing gear (e. g. trawl)

  • Stock Recovery of about 30 Species by 2020

  • Port (landing) Control to Prevent IUU Fishing Activities

  • Modernization of Fishing Vessels

    • Crews’ welfare & low-carbon emission


Aquaculture

  • Abolition of access limit (step by step) => scale-up

    • permit farm size more than 60 ha & license lease

    • allow company’s entry

  • Expansion of aquaculture farm

    • coastal to off-sea, mud flat & city (fish factory)


  • Marine biomass
    Marine biomass

    • Develop mass production tech. of seaweeds & micro-algae

    • Extract bio-fuel, pulp, and plastic from marine biomass

    • * 1 million ha. of seaweeds farm: 4,500 million liters of motor fuel (50% of domestic consumption)

    Bio-fuel

    Pulp

    Plastic

    Medicine


    Bio medicine
    Bio-medicine

    • Challenge: Difficulty in collecting marine life from nature

    • Solution: Aquaculture-mass production of useful marine life

    Cone shell in naturemass production by aquaculture extraction


    Genetic breeding
    Genetic breeding

    • Flounder, abalone, and other major species

    • 3rd generation flounder : 40%

    • - Faster growth rate

    • - Stronger for disease.

    • - Expected to lower production

    • cost by 40%

    * Norway salmon: 10th generation. 300% faster growth rate. Occupies 70% of world market


    Aqua pet
    Aqua-pet

    • World market size : 23 billion US$

    • Marine ornamental fish : decreased by resource depletion, reef destruction

    • Development of new species for aquaculture


    Food industry

    • Expanding HACCP: fishing farm to markets

    • Adopting Eco-labeling system (proposed by FAO)

    SAFETY

    HYGIENE

    • Building Fisheries Base Processing Center

    • - Simple Collection -> Packing, clean & processing

    • Creating local food industry complex

    • Promoting local Food brands

    QUALITY


    Human resources

    Spread of success story

    Reinforcement of consulting & info. sharing

    CEO

    Incentives for nation certification holders

    Silver tech. to cope with aging society

    ENGINEER

    International Fisheries Education Institution

    International Observer Center

    GOLBAL



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