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The Governance of e-Democracy: From Consultation to Participation. John Morison Connex Seminar , QUB 23 rd September 2005. The Governance of e-Democracy: From Consultation to Participation. Consultation imperatives Government consultation practice Better consultation - a recommendation.

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the governance of e democracy from consultation to participation

The Governance of e-Democracy: From Consultation to Participation

John Morison

Connex Seminar , QUB

23rd September 2005

the governance of e democracy from consultation to participation2
The Governance of e-Democracy: From Consultation to Participation
  • Consultation imperatives
  • Government consultation practice
  • Better consultation

- a recommendation

1 consultation imperatives
1. Consultation Imperatives
  • “Crisis” of democracy
  • Modernisation
  • New protocols for decision- making
a crisis in democracy a disconnect between formal electoral process and democracy
Perceived irrelevance of state structures

Reduced use of formal democratic process – election turnouts of less than 40%

Marginalisation of minorities, sense of disempowerment

a. Crisis in Democracy: A disconnect between formal electoral process and democracy
democracy and decision making
Democracy and decision-making

Distinctions between:

  • Traditional, incumbent democracy
  • Radical, transformative democracy

“democracy is a struggle over power, and as such, it provides an entirely different experience to those who hold power and those who do not”

traditional incumbent democracy
Traditional, incumbent democracy

Aggregative

Procedural

Top-down

Formal and electoral

Blind as to informal inequalities

Justificatory and legitimising

“thin”

Frameworks

radical transformative democracy
Integrative,

Direct,

Bottom-up,

Aspirational,

Informal and substantive

Challenging and empowering

“thick”

process

Radical, transformative democracy
e democracy as widening and deepening democracy
e-democracy as “widening and deepening” democracy?

From simple e-voting to an electronic agora?

b modernising government in the europe and beyond

b. Modernising Government in the Europe (and beyond)

An international phenomenon

OECD Briefing on Public Sector Modernisation (2003) http://www.oecd.org/publications/pol_brief

big scale changes in the project of government

Big-scale changes in the “project of government”

“Steering not rowing”

D. Osbourne and T Gaebler

Reinventing Government (1992)

government to governance
“Government to Governance”
  • Globalisation – multiple sites of government,
  • nodes in a network rather than layers of a pyramid
  • Multi-format government
  • public, private, civil society, partnerships etc.
a giddens the third way the renewal of social democracy 1998 at p 74

“The restructuring of government should follow the ecological principle of ‘getting more from less’, understood not as downsizing but as improving delivered value”

A Giddens, The Third Way: The Renewal of Social Democracy (1998) at p. 74.

modernisation in the uk
Modernisation in the UK

a style of government aimed at

- reinvigorating public services

- introducing new concepts of efficiency

including elements of private sector efficiency, but without ceding control to the same extent as with earlier versions of privatisation

- Ensuring that the public sector will operate in a way that is “as efficient, dynamic and effective as anything in the private sector”

modernising government key ideas
Modernising Government: Key ideas
  • Consumer focus
    • measuring outputs, targeting resources, monitoring satisfactions
    • benchmarks and good practice codes
    • Cost transparency
  • Cross-cutting
    • joining up government
    • project based
    • Multi-format, (public and private and Vol.)
    • partnership ethos
modernising government key ideas15
Modernising Government: Key ideas
  • Central coordination/control
    • Cabinet Office, PM’s Delivery Unit, Office of Public Service Reform
  • Developing ICT
    • Online services
    • Consultation mechanisms
modernisation as a brand for other reforms
Modernisation as a “brand for other reforms
  • PSAs, “Best Value”, Beacon Councils and “earned autonomy”, duty to promote “community well-being”, “community plans” Health – foundation hospitals, Compacts with Vol. sector providers,
  • Civil Society as a “space of dialogue and debate”
modernisation next phase
Modernisation – next phase

“it is by embracing customer satisfaction as the key driver for public services – finding out what people actually want from their services and using that information to drive change programmes – that we can help public services catch up with the best on offer in wider society”.

Public Service Reform: The Key to Social Justice. A Speech to the Social Market Foundation by the Rt Hon John Hutton MP, Minister for the Cabinet Office on 24th August 2005 (available at http://www.smf.co.uk/index.php).

engine for modernisation www ukonline gov uk
Engine for modernisation = www.ukonline.gov.uk

- Online Services- 100% target

- Consultation mechanisms- fine-tuning market led service delivery mechanisms

can we do better

Can we do better?

Democracy and the nature of decision-making

1 support dialogue i
1. Support dialogue (i)
  • Two way communication
support dialogue ii
Support dialogue (ii)….

ii. Hearing many voices

design an open equal democratic space
Design an open, equal democratic space

- integrated systems for this are coming soon…

recommendation online civic debating systems
Recommendation: online civic debating systems
  • Funded by Government
  • Independent
  • Citizen orientated
  • Sufficient cheap bandwidth for useable ICT information support
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