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The Governance of e-Democracy: From Consultation to Participation. John Morison Connex Seminar , QUB 23 rd September 2005. The Governance of e-Democracy: From Consultation to Participation. Consultation imperatives Government consultation practice Better consultation - a recommendation.

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The governance of e democracy from consultation to participation l.jpg

The Governance of e-Democracy: From Consultation to Participation

John Morison

Connex Seminar , QUB

23rd September 2005


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The Governance of e-Democracy: From Consultation to Participation

  • Consultation imperatives

  • Government consultation practice

  • Better consultation

    - a recommendation


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1. Consultation Imperatives Participation

  • “Crisis” of democracy

  • Modernisation

  • New protocols for decision- making


A crisis in democracy a disconnect between formal electoral process and democracy l.jpg

Perceived irrelevance of state structures Participation

Reduced use of formal democratic process – election turnouts of less than 40%

Marginalisation of minorities, sense of disempowerment

a. Crisis in Democracy: A disconnect between formal electoral process and democracy


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Democracy and decision-making Participation

Distinctions between:

  • Traditional, incumbent democracy

  • Radical, transformative democracy

    “democracy is a struggle over power, and as such, it provides an entirely different experience to those who hold power and those who do not”


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Traditional, incumbent democracy Participation

Aggregative

Procedural

Top-down

Formal and electoral

Blind as to informal inequalities

Justificatory and legitimising

“thin”

Frameworks


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Integrative, Participation

Direct,

Bottom-up,

Aspirational,

Informal and substantive

Challenging and empowering

“thick”

process

Radical, transformative democracy


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e-democracy as “widening and deepening” democracy? Participation

From simple e-voting to an electronic agora?


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b. Modernising Government in the Europe (and beyond) Participation

An international phenomenon

OECD Briefing on Public Sector Modernisation (2003) http://www.oecd.org/publications/pol_brief


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Big-scale changes in the “project of government” Participation

“Steering not rowing”

D. Osbourne and T Gaebler

Reinventing Government (1992)


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“Government to Governance” Participation

  • Globalisation – multiple sites of government,

  • nodes in a network rather than layers of a pyramid

  • Multi-format government

  • public, private, civil society, partnerships etc.


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“The restructuring of government should follow the ecological principle of ‘getting more from less’, understood not as downsizing but as improving delivered value”

A Giddens, The Third Way: The Renewal of Social Democracy (1998) at p. 74.


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Modernisation in the UK ecological principle of ‘getting more from less’, understood not as downsizing but as improving delivered value”

a style of government aimed at

- reinvigorating public services

- introducing new concepts of efficiency

including elements of private sector efficiency, but without ceding control to the same extent as with earlier versions of privatisation

- Ensuring that the public sector will operate in a way that is “as efficient, dynamic and effective as anything in the private sector”


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Modernising Government: Key ideas ecological principle of ‘getting more from less’, understood not as downsizing but as improving delivered value”

  • Consumer focus

    • measuring outputs, targeting resources, monitoring satisfactions

    • benchmarks and good practice codes

    • Cost transparency

  • Cross-cutting

    • joining up government

    • project based

    • Multi-format, (public and private and Vol.)

    • partnership ethos


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Modernising Government: Key ideas ecological principle of ‘getting more from less’, understood not as downsizing but as improving delivered value”

  • Central coordination/control

    • Cabinet Office, PM’s Delivery Unit, Office of Public Service Reform

  • Developing ICT

    • Online services

    • Consultation mechanisms


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Modernisation as a “brand for other reforms ecological principle of ‘getting more from less’, understood not as downsizing but as improving delivered value”

  • PSAs, “Best Value”, Beacon Councils and “earned autonomy”, duty to promote “community well-being”, “community plans” Health – foundation hospitals, Compacts with Vol. sector providers,

  • Civil Society as a “space of dialogue and debate”


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Modernisation – next phase ecological principle of ‘getting more from less’, understood not as downsizing but as improving delivered value”

“it is by embracing customer satisfaction as the key driver for public services – finding out what people actually want from their services and using that information to drive change programmes – that we can help public services catch up with the best on offer in wider society”.

Public Service Reform: The Key to Social Justice. A Speech to the Social Market Foundation by the Rt Hon John Hutton MP, Minister for the Cabinet Office on 24th August 2005 (available at http://www.smf.co.uk/index.php).


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Engine for modernisation = www.ukonline.gov.uk ecological principle of ‘getting more from less’, understood not as downsizing but as improving delivered value”

- Online Services- 100% target

- Consultation mechanisms- fine-tuning market led service delivery mechanisms




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Consultation register policy-making


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A .pdf! policy-making


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A managed process policy-making


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Can we do better? policy-making

Democracy and the nature of decision-making



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Technologies of Democracy: Modelling policy-makingdemocratic decision-making


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Democratic sufficiency policy-making


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1. Support policy-makingdialogue (i)

  • Two way communication


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Support dialogue (ii)…. policy-making

ii. Hearing many voices







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Design an open, equal democratic space preferences

- integrated systems for this are coming soon…


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Recommendation: online civic debating systems preferences

  • Funded by Government

  • Independent

  • Citizen orientated

  • Sufficient cheap bandwidth for useable ICT information support



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HEA e-consultation project participative decision-makinghttp://www.e-consultation.org/.

[email protected]


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