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HIV/AIDS and Human Rights. A New HIV Infection every Six Seconds. OUTLINE. General Facts UN Commission on Human Rights Human Rights Violations Lead to HIV/AIDS HIV/AIDS Leads to Denials in Human Rights Causes of Discrimination against PLWHA Rights of PLWHA Women’s Rights

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hiv aids and human rights

HIV/AIDS and Human Rights

A New HIV Infection every Six Seconds

outline
OUTLINE
  • General Facts
  • UN Commission on Human Rights
  • Human Rights Violations Lead to HIV/AIDS
  • HIV/AIDS Leads to Denials in Human Rights
  • Causes of Discrimination against PLWHA
  • Rights of PLWHA
  • Women’s Rights
  • Women are more Vulnerable to HIV
  • Human Rights in the Context of Saudi Arabia
general facts
General Facts
  • Over 42 Million today living with HIV/AIDS
  • 95% in the developing world
  • 28 Million dead already (2002)
  • Highest rates amongst people aged 20–44 (productivity)
  • Tragedy for Children
  • 45% of South African army recruits HIV positive Threat to National Security
un commission on human rights
UN Commission on Human Rights
  • Resolution 49/1999

“Discrimination on the basis of HIV or AIDS status, actual or presumed, is prohibited by existing international human rights standards, and that the term, ‘or other status’ in non-discrimination provisions in international human rights texts should be interpreted to cover health status, including HIV/AIDS”

human rights violations lead to hiv aids
Human Rights Violations Lead to HIV/AIDS
  • Violations of Civil and Political Rights
  • Violations of the right to adequate standard of living
  • Violations of the right to information and education
  • Violations of the right to Health and Medical services
  • Violations of the right to share in scientific advancement
  • Violations of women’s rights
  • Violations of the right to non-discrimination (Stigma)
hiv aids leads to denials in human rights
HIV/AIDS Leads to Denials in Human Rights
  • The right to freedom from want
  • The right to employment and fair labour practices
  • The right to education
  • The right to health and medical services
  • The right to privacy
  • The right to freedom of movement
  • The right to participation and the right to legal remedy
causes of discrimination against plwha
Causes of Discrimination against PLWHA
  • HIV is life-threatening
  • Fear of contracting HIV
  • Sexual taboos
  • Responsibility ( are HIV carriers responsible for contracting the disease?)
  • Deviant behaviour
  • Religious and moral beliefs
rights of plwha
Rights of PLWHA
  • The right to life
  • The right to liberty and security of person
  • The right to the highest attainable standard of mental and physical health
  • The right to non-discrimination, equal protection and equality before the law
  • The right to freedom of movement
  • The right to seek and enjoy asylum
  • The right to privacy
  • The right to freedom of expression and opinion and the right to freely receive and impart information
rights of plwha ctd
Rights of PLWHA (ctd)
  • The right to freedom of association
  • The right to marry and found a family
  • The right to work
  • The right to equal access to education
  • The right to social security, assistance and welfare
  • The right to an adequate standard of living
  • The right to share in scientific advancement and benefits
  • The right to participate in public and cultural life
  • The right to be free from torture and other cruel , inhumane or degrading treatment or punishment
women s rights
Women’s Rights

UNAIDS and UNGASS Declaration of commitment

  • Discrimination in education, health, employment, etc…
  • Sexual and other forms of violence
  • Lack of access to reproductive health
  • Trafficking
  • Stigma
  • Economic Dependence…

= renders women vulnerable to infection

women are more vulnerable to hiv
Women are more vulnerable to HIV
  • Physiologically (soft tissue in female reproductive tract, vaginal tissue absorbance of fluids, STIs)
  • Socially (lack of control over sex relations, little access to sexual health information & services)
  • Economically (vulnerable, dependent, desperate. Informal employment --> no health insurance)
  • Gender implications (GBV “physical abuse, rape”, commercial Sex-work & Sex-Tourism, Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation, voluntary or forced migration & Displacement,
human rights in the context of saudi arabia
Human Rights in the Context of Saudi Arabia
  • Are Human Rights an issue in terms of HIV/AIDS in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia?
  • How do you think we are failing?
  • Where do you think we can do better?
  • Should UNDP advocate and how?
  • Stigma
slide13

The respect of individual human rights is a precondition for an effective response to HIV/AIDS, and violations of human rights are recognized as primary pathogenic forces in the spread of the disease.

Thank you

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