Hiv aids and human rights
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HIV/AIDS and Human Rights. A New HIV Infection every Six Seconds. OUTLINE. General Facts UN Commission on Human Rights Human Rights Violations Lead to HIV/AIDS HIV/AIDS Leads to Denials in Human Rights Causes of Discrimination against PLWHA Rights of PLWHA Women’s Rights

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HIV/AIDS and Human Rights

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Hiv aids and human rights

HIV/AIDS and Human Rights

A New HIV Infection every Six Seconds


Outline

OUTLINE

  • General Facts

  • UN Commission on Human Rights

  • Human Rights Violations Lead to HIV/AIDS

  • HIV/AIDS Leads to Denials in Human Rights

  • Causes of Discrimination against PLWHA

  • Rights of PLWHA

  • Women’s Rights

  • Women are more Vulnerable to HIV

  • Human Rights in the Context of Saudi Arabia


General facts

General Facts

  • Over 42 Million today living with HIV/AIDS

  • 95% in the developing world

  • 28 Million dead already (2002)

  • Highest rates amongst people aged 20–44 (productivity)

  • Tragedy for Children

  • 45% of South African army recruits HIV positive Threat to National Security


Un commission on human rights

UN Commission on Human Rights

  • Resolution 49/1999

    “Discrimination on the basis of HIV or AIDS status, actual or presumed, is prohibited by existing international human rights standards, and that the term, ‘or other status’ in non-discrimination provisions in international human rights texts should be interpreted to cover health status, including HIV/AIDS”


Human rights violations lead to hiv aids

Human Rights Violations Lead to HIV/AIDS

  • Violations of Civil and Political Rights

  • Violations of the right to adequate standard of living

  • Violations of the right to information and education

  • Violations of the right to Health and Medical services

  • Violations of the right to share in scientific advancement

  • Violations of women’s rights

  • Violations of the right to non-discrimination (Stigma)


Hiv aids leads to denials in human rights

HIV/AIDS Leads to Denials in Human Rights

  • The right to freedom from want

  • The right to employment and fair labour practices

  • The right to education

  • The right to health and medical services

  • The right to privacy

  • The right to freedom of movement

  • The right to participation and the right to legal remedy


Causes of discrimination against plwha

Causes of Discrimination against PLWHA

  • HIV is life-threatening

  • Fear of contracting HIV

  • Sexual taboos

  • Responsibility ( are HIV carriers responsible for contracting the disease?)

  • Deviant behaviour

  • Religious and moral beliefs


Rights of plwha

Rights of PLWHA

  • The right to life

  • The right to liberty and security of person

  • The right to the highest attainable standard of mental and physical health

  • The right to non-discrimination, equal protection and equality before the law

  • The right to freedom of movement

  • The right to seek and enjoy asylum

  • The right to privacy

  • The right to freedom of expression and opinion and the right to freely receive and impart information


Rights of plwha ctd

Rights of PLWHA (ctd)

  • The right to freedom of association

  • The right to marry and found a family

  • The right to work

  • The right to equal access to education

  • The right to social security, assistance and welfare

  • The right to an adequate standard of living

  • The right to share in scientific advancement and benefits

  • The right to participate in public and cultural life

  • The right to be free from torture and other cruel , inhumane or degrading treatment or punishment


Women s rights

Women’s Rights

UNAIDS and UNGASS Declaration of commitment

  • Discrimination in education, health, employment, etc…

  • Sexual and other forms of violence

  • Lack of access to reproductive health

  • Trafficking

  • Stigma

  • Economic Dependence…

    = renders women vulnerable to infection


Women are more vulnerable to hiv

Women are more vulnerable to HIV

  • Physiologically (soft tissue in female reproductive tract, vaginal tissue absorbance of fluids, STIs)

  • Socially (lack of control over sex relations, little access to sexual health information & services)

  • Economically (vulnerable, dependent, desperate. Informal employment --> no health insurance)

  • Gender implications (GBV “physical abuse, rape”, commercial Sex-work & Sex-Tourism, Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation, voluntary or forced migration & Displacement,


Human rights in the context of saudi arabia

Human Rights in the Context of Saudi Arabia

  • Are Human Rights an issue in terms of HIV/AIDS in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia?

  • How do you think we are failing?

  • Where do you think we can do better?

  • Should UNDP advocate and how?

  • Stigma


Hiv aids and human rights

The respect of individual human rights is a precondition for an effective response to HIV/AIDS, and violations of human rights are recognized as primary pathogenic forces in the spread of the disease.

Thank you


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