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Phonetics: Vowels. Vowel Qualities. The placement of the body of the tongue: Vertical: high – mid – low Horizontal: front – central – back The shape of the lips: Rounded – Unrounded The lowering of the velum: Nasal vowel The degree of the vocal tract contriction: Tense – Lax.

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vowel qualities
Vowel Qualities
  • The placement of the body of the tongue:
    • Vertical: high – mid – low
    • Horizontal: front – central – back
  • The shape of the lips:
    • Rounded – Unrounded
  • The lowering of the velum: Nasal vowel
  • The degree of the vocal tract contriction:
    • Tense – Lax
types of english vowels
Types of English Vowels
  • Tense Monophthongs
  • Lax Monophthongs
  • Diphthongs
tense vowels are made with a relatively tense tongue and greater vocal tract constriction1
Tense Vowels are made with a relatively tense tongue and greater vocal tract constriction

Beat

Bait

Boot

Boat

Bought

  • [i]: high front unrounded
  • [ey]: mid front unrounded
  • [uw]: high back rounded
  • [o]: mid back rounded
  • [ɑ]: low back unrounded
slide6
Lax vowels are made with a placement of the tongue that results in relatively less vocal tract constriction

Bit

Bet

Bat

But

About

  • [ɪ]: high front unrounded
  • [ɛ]: mid front unrounded
  • [æ]: low front unrounded
  • [ʌ]: mid central unrounded
  • [ə]: mid central unrounded
slide7

Diphthongs

  • [ɛi] = lake, day
  • [ai] = like, try
  • [oi] = boil, boy
  • [ou] = go, hope
  • [au] = cloud, cow
  • [iə] = dear, idea
  • [ɛə] = care, hair
  • [uɪ] = fluent, sure
transcription to spelling
Transcription to Spelling
  • [huwz]
  • [Kɑlm]
  • [dɛf]
  • [Ɛik]
  • [preiər]
  • [kowm]
  • [ʃʌv]
  • [dɛt]
  • [frɛnd]
  • Whose
  • Calm
  • Deaf
  • Ache
  • Prayer
  • Comb
  • Shove
  • Debt
  • Friend
spelling to transcription
Spelling to Transcription
  • [hɑrt]
  • [yɑt]
  • [rɑim]
  • [brɛik]
  • [wɪmɪn]
  • [plʌmər]
  • Heart
  • Yatch
  • Rhyme
  • Brake
  • Women
  • Plumber
write the spelling of the following transcription
Write the spelling of the following transcription
  • dætə kəmpɑɪld bɑi ðʌ yuwnɪvərsɪdi ʌv nowrθ kɛrowlɑinəz næʃənəl sɛntər fowr kædɪstrɑfɪk spowrts ɪnjəri risərtʃ sɑits 67 fɛitəl owr lɑif-θrɛtɪniŋ ɪnjəriz duw tuw tʃiɛrlidiŋ sɪns 1982, mɛkiŋ ɪt bɑi fɑr ðʌ mowst pɛrɪləs spowrt fowr hɑi skuwl ænd kɑlidʒ-aidʒ fimɛl æθlits, tɑim.kɑm ripowrts.
  • Data compiled by the University of North Carolina\'s National Center for Catastrophic Sports Injury Research (NCCSI) cites 67 fatal or life-threatening injuries due to cheerleading since 1982, making it by far the most perilous sport for high school and college-age female athletes, Time.com reports.
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