Al jazari impact of the twin cylinder
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 14

Al-Jazari Impact of The Twin Cylinder PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 64 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Al-Jazari Impact of The Twin Cylinder. CE 309 Fluid Mechanics Eric Nies 6/12/2009. Al-Jazari Impact of The Twin Cylinder. Al-Jazari and his impact on the Eastern world His inventions were the first of their kind in Iraq and Syria. Learn about a few of his other inventions

Download Presentation

Al-Jazari Impact of The Twin Cylinder

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Al jazari impact of the twin cylinder

Al-JazariImpact of The Twin Cylinder

CE 309 Fluid Mechanics

Eric Nies

6/12/2009


Al jazari impact of the twin cylinder1

Al-JazariImpact of The Twin Cylinder

  • Al-Jazari and his impact on the Eastern world

    • His inventions were the first of their kind in Iraq and Syria.

    • Learn about a few of his other inventions

    • Focus on the Twin cylinder reciprocating piston

    • Relate this concept to modern days


Al jazari impact of the twin cylinder2

Al-JazariImpact of The Twin Cylinder

  • History

    • Lived in 12th and 13th centuries in Iraq

    • Born into a long line of Craftsman-making him more practical than theoretical

    • Worked for the King for many years-quickly became chief engineer

    • Main Method of solving problems-trial and error

www.wikipedia.com


Al jazari impact of the twin cylinder3

Al-JazariImpact of The Twin Cylinder

  • Inventions-he was more interested in the structure behind the devices rather than the calculations

    • Water Clock/Candle Clock

    • Water Raising Machines

    • Automatic Hand Washers/Towel Dispensers

    • Automatic Doors/Gates


Al jazari impact of the twin cylinder4

Al-JazariImpact of The Twin Cylinder

  • “Book Of Knowledge Of Ingenious Mechanical Devices”

    • Book written by Al-Jazari recording in great detail the schematics and specifications of his inventions. The most comprehensive document at the time!

    • It Included the Twin Cylinder Reciprocating Piston- Water Raising Device For Irrigation of Fields

www.wikipedia.com


Al jazari impact of the twin cylinder5

Al-JazariImpact of The Twin Cylinder

  • How It Works!

    • A- Water wheel was turned by river- which turned a driveshaft and gear

    • B- This gear translated the vertical rotation to horizontal rotation by a right-angle gear interface

    • C- This second gear had a pin attached to it, which oscillated a slot rod as it rotated.

A

B

C

E

D

www.wikipedia.com


Al jazari impact of the twin cylinder6

Al-JazariImpact of The Twin Cylinder

  • How It Works!

    • D- Water was raised by pistons connected to the slot rod due to the partial vacuum created in the pipes

    • E- Finally two ‘one-way’ valves allowed water to be drawn up into the cylinder and expelled out through the pipes.

A

B

C

E

D

www.wikipedia.com


Al jazari impact of the twin cylinder7

Al-JazariImpact of The Twin Cylinder

  • Uniqueness of the Twin Cylinder

    • First Known Use of the Partial Vacuum.

    • First Application of Double Action Principle

      • This means having two things in motion at once due to a single source

    • Conversion of Rotary Motion into Reciprocating Motion Via Crank Shaft and Connecting Rod.


Al jazari impact of the twin cylinder8

Al-JazariImpact of The Twin Cylinder

  • Uses of Al-Jazari’s Inventions

    • Mostly For entertainment purposes

      • Used many automata such as moving peacocks, an automatic band to play for the king, and self playing instruments

http://images.google.com


Al jazari impact of the twin cylinder9

Al-JazariImpact of The Twin Cylinder

  • Uses of Al-Jazari’s Inventions

    • Also for everyday luxuries and comfort

      • Automatic toilets, hand washers, and towel dispensers

    • Irrigation of fields.

      • The Twin Cylinder was used all over Iraq to keep the fields watered, and had the most impact on the wealth and survival of the economy at that time


Al jazari impact of the twin cylinder10

Al-JazariImpact of The Twin Cylinder

  • In America, The Double action principle was widely used in the industrial revolution

  • Steam Engine

    • Uses High Pressure High Heat steam to Reciprocate the piston through ‘one-way’ valves

    • Through a system of slot rods and gears the reciprocating motion is translated into rotary motion

    • Almost Al-Jazari’s principle in reverse.


Al jazari impact of the twin cylinder11

Al-JazariImpact of The Twin Cylinder

www.howstuffworks.com


Al jazari impact of the twin cylinder12

Al-JazariImpact of The Twin Cylinder

  • A look Back

    • Book Of Knowledge Of Ingenious Mechanical Devices

    • Many Inventions for Everyday Things

    • Twin Cylinder Double Acting Reciprocating Piston

    • First Known Use of the Suction Pipe


Al jazari impact of the twin cylinder13

Al-JazariImpact of the Twin Cylinder

  • References

    • http://www.muslimheritage.com

    • http://en.wikipedia.org

    • http://www.absoluteastronomy.com

    • http://hackingtheuniverse.com

    • http://www.howstuffworks.com


  • Login