Qualities of good writing
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Qualities of Good Writing. Short Paragraphs. In English class, you may have been encouraged to write long paragraphs for your essay. In many kinds of writing, including technical writing, writing for the web and news writing, your paragraphs are kept short. Traits of Good Writing.

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Short paragraphs
Short Paragraphs

  • In English class, you may have been encouraged to write long paragraphs for your essay.

  • In many kinds of writing, including technical writing, writing for the web and news writing, your paragraphs are kept short. .


Traits of good writing
Traits of Good Writing

  • Take charge and develop your own ideas

  • Develop strong leads

  • Examine the story from all angles

  • Revise and rewrite

  • Do a grammar, spell and APA check


Principles of clear writing
Principles of Clear Writing

  • K.I.S.S.

  • Avoid tangled sentences

  • Don’t show off with “big words”

  • Use active voice not passive voice


Active voice
Active Voice

  • Active voice uses a subject-verb-object structure

  • ACTIVE: Joe Smith wrote the book.

  • PASSIVE: The book was written by Joe Smith.


Spelchek yer werk
Spelchek Yer Werk

  • Everyone makes spelling mistakes…so use computer spellcheck technologies to your advantage


Proper nouns
Proper Nouns

  • In reporting, it is critical that you get the name correct of the individual or business

  • Many well-known businesses are commonly misspelled


Common mistakes
Common Mistakes

  • J.C. Penney – not Penny

  • Marriott: hotel chain

  • Men’s Wearhouse: not warehouse

  • Procter & Gamble

  • Berkeley, Calif.

  • Columbia – University or Washington, D.C.

  • Colombia – South American country


Commas
Commas

  • Use commas to separate items in a series, except just before “and” (example: Red, white and blue)

  • Use comma with semicolons when dividing complicated materials, such as names and titles

    • Example:

    • “Alexis Lew, president; Stephen Ro, vice president; Cathy Smith, treasurer, and Natalie Hack, secretary.”

    • Note that you switched from the semicolon to a comma before the “and”


Beware exclamation point
Beware! Exclamation Point!

  • Use exclamation points sparingly

  • Usually a period or question mark will be sufficient


Hyphen
Hyphen

  • Use hyphen as follows:

  • 13-year-old girl

  • 30-second commercial

  • One-minute break

  • 15-page paper

  • Three-day cruise

  • 24-hour hotline

  • Queen-size bed


Quotes
Quotes

  • When quoting a source, make sure that the quotation marks are placed outside the other punctuation.

    • Example:

      • “I enjoy teaching,” she said. “I created this guide to help you.”


Writing tight sentences
Writing Tight Sentences

  • Do not repeat key words in the same sentence

  • Example:

    • “The University of Hawaii students have been attending University events…”


Numbers things
Numbers & Things

  • Spell out single-digit numbers (nine and below)

  • Use figures for numbers 10 and above unless:

    • the sentence begins with a number

    • You are expressing money, age, dates, etc.


Writing tips
Writing Tips

  • When writing about the current date, do not use the year. It’s obvious.

  • When dealing with money, omit the decimal point when the amount is even

    • $25 not $25.00

  • In writing amounts with many zeros, use the word “million,” “billion,” etc.


Said vs says
Said vs. Says

  • Use “said,” NOT “says” in interviews and quotes

  • Use “says” when referring to a printed document or sign


Other common mistakes
Other common mistakes

  • “In regard to…” NOT “In regards to…”

  • “Toward” NOT “Towards”

  • “Often…” NOT “Often times…”

  • “Try to…” NOT “Try and…”


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