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Lesson 4. Wisdom of Bear Wood. Book 3. Michael Welzenbach. Lesson 4. Part One: Warm-up Part Two: Background Information Part Three: Text Appreciation Part Four: Language Study Part Five: Extension. Book 3. Contents. W. B. T. L. E.

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Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4

Wisdom of Bear Wood

Book 3

Michael Welzenbach


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4

Part One: Warm-upPart Two: Background InformationPart Three: Text AppreciationPart Four: Language Study Part Five: Extension

Book 3

Contents

W

B

T

L

E


Wisdom of bear wood

Make up a story with the following elements.

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

Part One Warm Up

Work in groups.

Your imagination is encouraged!

a boy

woodlands

an owl

shortbread

a cottage

an old lady

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Compare your story with the text. Have you found anything unexpected?

The end of Story Telling.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

Part Two Background Information

  • Author

  • Berkshire


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Author

Michael Welzenbach (1954—2001) was an art critic as well as a poet and novelist. He wrote some of the most stimulating criticisms of art and music for the Washington Post.

The end of Author.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Berkshire

Situated in the heart of southern England, the County of Berkshire, also known as "Royal Berkshire" is home to several well-known towns and cities, such as Windsor, where the famous royal retreat Windsor Castle can be found. Another royal connection is the Town of Ascot, famous for its very popular annual horse racing festival— "Royal Ascot". Berkshire also boasts many picturesque villages with views across the River Thames absolutely stunning.

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Berkshire

Please mark out Berkshire in the map given.

Berkshire, a county of southern England, that occupies the valleys of the middle Thames and its tributary, the Kennet, immediately to the west of London. Its area is 485 sq mi (1,256 sq km), and it is divided into six districts: Bracknell, Newbury, Reading, Slough, Windsor and Wokingham.

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Picture Tour of Berkshire

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Berkshire

Shaw House—15th century Elizabethan Manor House

Kennet & Avon Canal

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Picture Tour of Berkshire

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Berkshire

the sun setting over the River Thames

the Weir at Streatley

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Picture Tour of Berkshire

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Berkshire

  • a modern town

  • situated on the south bank of the River Thames and to the west of London

  • today a residential and local service center

William I the Conqueror (reigned from 1066 to 1087) built the original fortress.

Windsor

Windsor Castle

The end of Berkshire.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

Part Three Text appreciation

  • Text Analysis

  • 1.General Analysis

  • 2.Theme

  • 3.Structure

  • 4.Further Discussion

  • Writing Devices

  • 1.Homonyms

  • 2.Antithesis

  • 3.Onomatopoeia

  • III. Sentence Paraphrase


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Text Analysis

Have you got the key elements in the story?

Plot of the story

Setting of the story

Protagonists of the story

Writing techniquesof the

story

Themeof the story

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Text Analysis

For reference.

Plot: the cultivation of friendship

between a boy and an old lady

Setting: Bear wood

Protagonists: "I" and Mrs. Robertson-

Glasgow

Writing techniques: go to Writing

Devices

Theme of the story: go to the next page

The end of General Analysis.


Wisdom of bear wood

Theme of the Story

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Text Analysis

The theme is summed up at the very end.

True friendship is both rare and precious. It exists deep in heart and does not change. It is enduring and rewarding.

The end of Theme.


Wisdom of bear wood

Structure of the Text

The end of Structure.

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Text Analysis

The lonely boy found his pleasure in Bear Wood.

Part 1 (paras. 1─ ) about:

Part 2 (paras. ) about:

Part 3 (paras. ) about:

Part 4 (paras. ) about:

4

5─23

The boy met Mrs. Robertson-Glasgow in the Bear Wood and they became best friends.

24─27

Mrs. Robertson-Glasgow became sick and dead while their friendship flourished more than ever before.

28─37

The revelation of true love.


Wisdom of bear wood

Friendship Between Two Souls

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Text Analysis

Scan the text and list out the related information.

  • old

  • English

  • woman

  • lost her husband

  • 12

  • American

  • boy

  • separated from friends

1. lonely

2. common interest—nature and knowledge

3. true love—giving not taking

4. others…

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Beauties vs. Beauties

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Text Analysis

Discuss

in groups!

Beauties that lie in

the Wood

  • a vaulted cathedral

Beauties that lie in

the friendship

  • giving but no taking

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

When I was 12 years old, my family moved to England, the fourth major move in my short life.

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Text Analysis

In Para. 1

Question: What does the author intend to emphasize, using this sentence as the opening?

The author intends to impress the readers that the boy disliked moving very much. The comparison formed between "12" and "4" is impressive.

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Text Analysis

Question: What can you learn from the first 3 sentences of Paragraph 2?

From the "Background information" we've already got a good idea that in Berkshire there are lots of historic interests, including some famous ancient castles. For little boys, ancient castles usually mean brave explorations and endless pursuit of mysterious treasures. The boy, however, had no taste for these kinds of things. Instead, he just loved nature. Maybe besides this reason, he was also trying to avoid any involvement with other boys.

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Text Analysis

Pay attention to the wording.

  • Question:In the beginning of the story, what did Bear Wood mean to the little boy?

  • heaven—but a lonely heaven (Was he really happy about the situation?)

  • a secret fortress (What to defend?Did itform attachments or loneliness?)

  • almost a holy place (Why holy?)

  • a private paradise (Who was going to intrude into it?)

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Text Analysis

  • Question: What is the implication of Paragraph 7?

Following the 6 short sentences connected by 5 "ands" and 1 "so", the readers can feel, in a vivid way, the boy is not at ease and is eager to leave.

  • Question:The owls are "introduced", "not native". What is indicated here?

In fact, neither the old lady nor the little boy is native in Berkshire. The only common thing is that they can share nature peacefully and happily with the introduced animals.

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Text Analysis

Comparison and contrast

  • Question: Compare the two sentences.

  • "… she was growing frailer and less inclined to laugh."

  • "I began to grow quickly. I played soccer and made a good friend."

  • With time passing, the old lady was dying; at the meantime, with the inspiration of the friendship, the boy was developing into a confident and open-minded boy and no longer afraid of having new friends.

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

I suspected, of course, that she was lonely; I did not know she was ill.

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Text Analysis

In Para. 26

Question: What is the implication here?

The old lady was so kind to the boy. She was so involved in furthering the communication with the boy that he even failed to notice how ill she was. Of course, because she was quite open to him, he could understand her loneliness.    

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Text Analysis

Question: Why does the image of "the biscuit tin" reoccur so many times in the last part of the story?

Image study

  • Such an image entails a lot:

  • the finest shortbread in the world made by the old lady;

  • the everlasting friendship between them;

  • the kindness best shown by the boy's favorite snacks even before her death;

  • the odds and ends kept to remind how much the boy had learned from the old lady—not only knowledge about nature, but also about lively life and rewarding friendship.

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Further Discussion About the Story

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Text Analysis

  • How did the boy come to live in England?

  • How did he like the frequent moves?

  • What did he usually do to amuse himself?

  • Why did Bear Wood become his favorite?

  • How did the boy come to meet Mrs. Robertson-Glasgow?

  • How did they become friends?

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Further Discussion About the Story

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Text Analysis

  • Why did they enjoy each other's company so much?

  • What did the boy discover about the elderly woman?

  • Can you imagine what kind of life she had had?

  • How did the boy suddenly lose his dear friend?

  • Why did the boy remember so fondly his days in the Bear Wood?

  • Retell the story in your own words.

The end of Further Discussion.


Wisdom of bear wood

Homonyms

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Writing Devices

More examples

Bear Wood

stand sth. difficult or unpleasant

a large strong animal

Homonyms: words that happen to have the same sound and often the same spelling but differ in meaning. In dictionaries, they are put in different entries.

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Homonyms

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Writing Devices

  • b

  • 2. a

  • 3. a

  • 4. b

  • 1. A ___ is an animal.

  • a. bare

  • b. bear

  • 2. When it ___, it pours.

  • a. rains

  • b. reigns

  • c. reins

3. It is dishonest to ___.

a. steal

b. steel

4. A ___ is a type of tree.

a. beach

b. beech

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Homonyms

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Writing Devices

5. a

6. b

7. a

8. a

  • 5. Take me ___ your leader!

  • a. to

  • b. too

  • c. two

  • 6. What a ___ of good milk!

  • a. waist

  • b. waste

7. My ___ is naturally curly.

a. hair

b. hare

8. The team ___ the playoffs.

a. won

b. one

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Homonyms

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Writing Devices

9. a

10. a

11. b

12. b

9. She vanished into

thin ___.

a. air

b. heir

10. The ___ of France

is Paris.

a. capital

b. capitol

11. Come ___ right this

minute!

a. hear

b. here

12. The window ___ was

cracked.

a. pain

b. pane

The end of Homonyms.


Wisdom of bear wood

Antithesis

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Writing Devices

Antithesis: the relation between successive units that are put in contrast

Familiarity sometimes makes people physically invisible, for you find yourself talking to the heart—to the essence, as it were, rather than to the face. (26)

a pair of antitheses

"what is deep down"

vs.

"what can be physically seen"

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Antithesis: More Examples

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Writing Devices

Translation. Pay special attention to the italic words.

  • Caring for a family member yourself can be enriching and rewarding but also demanding and draining.

  • As a spot on the weather map, Rochester is one chilly town. But as a model for educational reform, it's shaping up as the hottest place in America.

  • Terms like liberal and conservative do more to muddle than to clarify.

Keys


Wisdom of bear wood

Antithesis: More Examples

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Writing Devices

  • 自己照顾家人,虽然可以让你在心灵上得到充实和回报,但这也是一份对你要求很高、甚至使你精疲力尽的工作。

  • 在气象图上,罗彻斯特只是一个寒冷的小城。但作为教育改革的典范,该城市正渐渐成为全美的炙热焦点。

  • 自由、保守等字眼非但没有澄清反倒让人糊涂。

The end of Antithesis.


Wisdom of bear wood

Onomatopoeia

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Writing Devices

More examples

… I’d leave the bright sun and the twitter and rustle of insects and animals outside and creep into another world—a vaulted cathedral,…(4)

Onomatopoeia: the formation of words that are like natural sounds

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Onomatopoeia: More Examples

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Writing Devices

Can you imitate the sounds of these words?

  • thetwitter of birds

  • therustleof leaves

  • thehissof the snake

  • thegurgleof the water

  • thecrackingof the fire

  • thebangingof the door

  • theflutteringof the flag

  • therumbling of the waves

  • thetick-tockof the clock

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Onomatopoeia: More Examples

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Writing Devices

Translation. Pay special attention to the underlined words.

汤姆·卡维尔10月21日在睡眠中卒于纽约州松原市,终年84岁。他在世时是冰淇淋业大亨,在无线电及电视广告中推销自己公司的产品达35年之久。他的声音是一种几乎无法描述的

_____________________

_____________________的混合物。

Tom Carvel, 84, the ice-cream tycoon whose voice—a near-indescribable mix ofgrumble, mumble, raspandgasp― peddled his company’s wares in radio and TV ads for 35 years, died in his sleep in Pine Plains, N.Y., Oct. 21.

嘟嘟囔囔、咕咕哝哝、嘎喳嘎喳、噗哧噗哧

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Onomatopoeia: More Examples

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Writing Devices

  • "What be ye looking at?" asked a man who had not observed the incident.

  • "Ho-ho-ho!" laughed dark Car.

  • "Hee-hee-hee!" laughed the tippling bride, as she steadied herself on the arm of her fond husband.

  • "Heu-heu-heu!" laughed dark Car's mother, stroking her moustache as she explained laconically, "Out of the frying-pan into the fire!"

  • FromTess of the d’Urbervilles Chapter 10

    • by Thomas Hardy

For appreciation.

The end of Writing Devices.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Sentence Paraphrase 1

When I was 12 years old, my family moved to England, the fourth major move in my short life. (1)

More examples

noun phrase

as a condensed non-restrictive relative clause

When I was 12 years old, my family moved to England, which was the fourth major move in my short life.

go to 2

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Sentence Paraphrase

  • Lottie grinned, a real wide open grin.

  • His father was laughing, a queer sobbing sort of a laugh.

back to 1


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Sentence Paraphrase 2

  • My father's government job demanded that he go overseas every few years, so I was used to wrenching myself away from friends. (1)

More examples

subjunctive mood

not "went" or "goes"

twisting and pulling myself violently away from friends

go to 3

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Sentence Paraphrase

1. In the past men generally preferred that their wives _______ in the home.

A. workedB. would work

C. workD. were working

Key

C C

2. Jean Wagner's most enduring contribution to the study of Afro-American poetry is his insistence that it ______ in a religious as well as worldly frame of reference.

A. is to be analyzed

B. had been analyzed

C. be analyzed

D. should have been analyzed

back to 2


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Sentence Paraphrase 3

  • Loving nature, however, I was most delighted by the endless patchwork of farms and woodland that surrounded our house. (2)

More examples

farms that look like small pieces of cloth of different colors when seen from far above

present participle phrase, showing the reason

However, as (because) I loved nature, I was really very happy to enjoy the endless pieces of farms and woods around our house.

go to 4

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Sentence Paraphrase

  • Being a few minutes late, he was dismissed.

  • Having been criticized, he made up his mind to improve his work thoroughly.

back to 3


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Sentence Paraphrase 4

  • In the deep woods that verged against our back fence, a network of paths led almost everywhere, and pheasants rocketed off into the dense laurels ahead as you walked. (2)

  • was close to; was at the edge or on the border of

  • a system of roads that cross each other and are connected to each other

pheasants went off like rockets

go to 5


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Sentence Paraphrase 5

  • Keeping to myself was my way of not forming attachments that I would only have to abandon the next time we moved. (3)

More examples

  • not mixing with or talking to other people

gerund phrases

I did not try to make many friends because in that way I did not have to give up my friendship the next time I had to move.

go to 6

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Sentence Paraphrase

  • You can have it for the asking.

  • I feel like going shopping today. How about you?

  • Our family make a point of going to church every Sunday.

  • The old lady had great difficulty getting onthe bus.

  • The children are having fun playing on the playground.

back to 5


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Sentence Paraphrase 6

  • My own breathing rang in my ears, and the slightest stirring of any woodland creature echoed through this private paradise. (4)

  • movement

gerund phrase

I could even hear my own breathing, and even the lightest movement of any bird or animal in the wood could be heard throughout this paradise.

go to 7


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Sentence Paraphrase 7

  • I proceeded quietly, careful not to alarm a bird that might loudly warn other creatures to hide. (5)

More examples

an adjective phrase:

functioning as subject complement, which denotes the state the subject is in

  • moved

I moved quietly and carefully so that I would not alarm any bird which might loudly warn other animals in the woods to hide.

go to 8

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Sentence Paraphrase

  • "They're not?" I asked, fascinated.

  • At a quarter to three, he got up and crept downstairs, careful of the creaky boards, and let himself out.

  • The cows looked at him, sleepy and surprised.

back to 7


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Sentence Paraphrase 8

  • Soon I saw a small brick cottage that glowed pinkly in the westering sun. (18)

Soon I saw a small brick cottage shining with a pink color in the sun that was moving toward the west.

go to 9


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Sentence Paraphrase 9

  • …and my well of knowledge about

  • natural history began to brim over. (24)

  • spring or fountain

  • overflow

metaphor:

knowledge linked to a well

exaggeration:

having knowledge overflowing

I began to know much about natural history, too much for a boy of my age.

go to 10


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Sentence Paraphrase 10

Familiarity sometimes makes people physically invisible, for you find yourself talking to the heart—to the essence, as it were, rather than to the face. (26)

  • the most important quality of sth.; the thing that makes sth. what it is

comparison

to A rather than to B

  • used to describe sth. in a way that is not quite accurate

When people get to know each other really well, sometimes they don't notice physical changes. The boy did not see that his friend, the old lady, was getting weaker and weaker because all the time he was talking to her heart, rather than to her face.

go to 11


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Sentence Paraphrase 11

  • My mother was regarding me with a strange gentleness. (29)

My mother was looking at me with a strange gentleness because she wanted to break the news gently so that I would not take it too hard.

go to 12


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Sentence Paraphrase 12

It is a wisdom tutored by nature itself, about the seen and the unseen, about things that change and things that are changeless, and about the fact that no matter how seemingly different two souls may be, they possess the potential for that most precious, rare thing—an enduring and rewarding friendship. (37)

I learn a lot of knowledge, taught by nature itself, about the things I can see—the birds, insects, trees, and flowers, and the things I cannot see—ideas, scientific laws and principles. I also learn a lot about the things that change, including life itself, as well as the things that are changeless like friendship, love, and many basic values.

The end of Sentence Paraphrase.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

Part Four Language Study

  • Word Study

  • Phrases and Expressions

  • Word Building

  • Grammar


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Study

Word list:

  • attachment

  • dangle

  • dense

  • earn

  • extend

  • familiarity

  • frail

  • 8. identify

  • 9.impenetrable

  • 10. incline

  • 11. nickname

  • 12. offer

  • 13. private

  • 14. proceed

  • regard

  • roam

  • stand

  • sting

  • suspect

  • trespass

  • wrench


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Study

1. attachment

n. affection; devotion

  • Examples:

  • As a teenager she formed a strong attachmentto one of her teachers.

  • She has already formed a strong attachmentto her baby brother.

  • feel a strong attachment to one's family


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Study

2. dangle

v. a. to hang or swing loosely

b. to offer as an attraction

  • Examples:

  • A pair of binoculars dangled from her neck.

  • He sat on the edge of the table dangling his legs.

  • They might do the job if you dangle a bonus in front of them.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Study

3. dense

Classify the following words into 3 groups according to a, b and c.

a.a.closely packed or crowded together

b. difficult to see through

c. stupid

a

a

a dense crowd  dense laurels

 a dense metal  a dense fog

 a dense mist  dense traffic

 a man with a dense brain

a

b

b

a

c


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Study

4. earn

v.a. to receive a certain amount of money for the work you do

b. to get something you deserve

More examples

  • Examples:

  • Now that you are earning, you should think about buying a house.

  • He earned a lot of praise from the papers for the way he handled the strike.

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Study

  • earna well-earned reward

  • earned income

  • earn one's bread

  • earn one's own living

Translation

  • 应得的报酬

  • 劳动收入

  • 谋生,挣钱

  • 自食其力


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Study

5. extend

v. If someone extends his hand, he stretches out his arm and hand to shake hands with someone.

  • Examples:

  • The manextended his hand:"I'm Chuck."

  • He refused to take the hand I extended in friendship.

  • He extended his hand in greeting.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Study

6. familiarity

Word formations

a. familiar

v. familiarize

n.a. thorough knowledge (of)

b. the freedom of behavior only expected in the most friendly relations

  • Examples:

  • His familiarity with the language impressed us all.

  • They greeted each other with such familiarity that we thought they must be brother and sister.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Study

7. frail

Synonyms

fragile

weak

slight

delicate

a.a. (someone) not very strong or

healthy

b. (something) easily broken or

damaged

  • Examples:

  • She lay in bed looking particularly frail.

  • The frail craft rocked as he clambered in.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Study

8. identify

v.a. to prove or show the identity of

b. to discover or recognize

  • Examples:

  • She was asked to identify the criminal.

  • The dead man has been identified as Mr. James Gould.

  • They have now identified the main cause of the problem.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Study

Translation

9. impenetrable

  • 密林

  • 子弹打不穿的

  • 漆黑

  • 难解之谜

  • 不接受新思想的顽固头脑

a.a. impossible to go into or through

b. extremely difficult or impossible to

understand

a

the impenetrable forest

impenetrable by a bullet

impenetrable darkness

 an impenetrable mystery

 a mind impenetrable by/to new ideas

a

a

b

b


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Study

10. incline

v.a.to influence or encourage to have a

particular feeling, belief, etc.

b. to tend to; be likely to show a

particular state of quality

c.to cause to move downwards

More examples

  • Examples:

  • Her arguments incline me towards a different view of the matter.

  • I incline to get tired easily.

  • He inclined his head in greeting.

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Study

  • incline a post against the wall

  • incline one's ear to sb.

  • be inclined to go by air

  • His attitude did not incline me to help him.

  • Are you inclined for a walk?

  • incline to traditional way

  • incline toward the speaker to hear more clearly

  • Right incline!

  • 把柱子靠墙斜立着

  • 侧耳倾听某人讲话

  • 想要坐飞机去

  • 他的态度使我不想帮助他。

  • 你想散步吗?

  • 喜爱传统的做法

  • 将身子倾向讲话者,以便听得更清楚些。

  • 半面向右转走!

Translation


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Study

11. nickname

Related words

n. a name used informally instead of a

person's own name connected with one's

character or history

first name Christian name

surname last name

family name maiden name

pet name fake name

pseudonym pen name

stage name anonymity

教名,洗礼名

女子的娘家姓氏

假名

笔名

匿名

姓,绰号

爱称,昵称

假名,笔名

艺名


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Study

12. offer

  • He offered me his seat.

  • offer a few ideas

  • offer the house for £1,000

  • offer£1,000 for the house

  • accept/decline an offer

  • make an offer (of)

  • on offer

  • receive an offer

Translation

  • 他把他的座位让给了我。

  • 提几点意见

  • 房屋要价一千镑

  • 对该房屋出价一千镑

  • 接受/不接受提议

  • 提议;提供,出价

  • 出卖

  • 接受提议


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Study

13. private

Translation

  • private life

  • private coach/teacher/tutor

  • private property

  • private ownership

  • a private secretary

  • a private car

  • private business

  • private affairs/concerns

  • private information

  • a private soldier

  • for sb.'s private ear

  • in private (criticism in private)

  • 私生活

  • 家庭教师,私人教师

  • 私有财产

  • 私有制

  • 私人秘书

  • 私家车

  • 个人的事,私事

  • 私事,隐秘的事

  • 非正式消息

  • 士兵,列兵

  • 只私下里跟某人讲

  • 秘密地 (背后批评)


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Study

14. proceed

More examples

v.a. to begin or continue in a course of

action or set of actions

b. to advance; move in a particular

direction

  • Examples:

  • Theworkis proceeding accordingtoplan.

  • He paused to consult his notes, and then proceededwith his questions.

  • Passengers for the New York flight should now proceedto Gate 13.

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Study

  • proceed to London

  • proceed to the next business

  • Please proceed with your story.

  • diseases that proceed from dirt

  • proceed to the degree

  • proceed with one's work

  • 去伦敦

  • 着手另一项工作

  • 请继续讲下去。

  • 因为不清洁引起的疾病

  • 得学位

  • 继续干下去(尤指停顿一段时间后)

Translation


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Study

15. regard

v.a. to look at, observe, watch carefully

b. to consider in the stated way

n. respectful attention; consideration

  • Examples:

  • She regarded him curiously for a moment.

  • I have always regarded him highly.

  • You have no regardfor my feelings.

  • in that regard

  • with regard to

  • regardless of

  • as regards/regarding


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Study

16. roam

Synonyms

ramble

stray

wander

v. to wander without any very clear purpose

  • Examples:

  • The lovers roamed across the fields in complete forgetfulness of the time.

  • Crowds of youths roamed the streets looking for trouble.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Study

17. stand

n. a small often outdoor place

  • Examples:

  • a stand of trees/wheat

  • an ice-cream stand

  • a book stand

  • a newspaper stand

  • open stands

  • a good stand of timber


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Study

18. sting (stung, stung)

Synonyms

prick

wound

pain

inflame

n. & v. to hurt or make something hurt with a

sudden sharp pain for a short time

  • Examples:

  • I stared out of the window, tears stinging my eyes.

  • He was stung by the

  • bee/wasp/

  • scorpion/nettle.

  • icywind/oils/

  • sprays/smoke.

  • condemnation/

  • harshwords/criticism.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Study

19. suspect

Word formation

v.a. to think that something is probably true

or likely, esp. something bad

b. to think that someone is probably guilty

c. to doubt the truth of something

n. a person who is suspected of guilt, esp. in

a crime

n. suspicion

a. suspicious

a.suspectable

  • Examples:

  • They suspect him of murder.

  • The police have arrested two suspects.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Study

20. trespass

Synonyms

infringe

intrude

transgress

v. to enter privately owned property or land

without permission

n. an act or offence of trespassing

  • Examples:

  • She was trespassing on my special place.

  • One more trespass I must make on your patience. I shall trespasson your hospitality.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Study

21. wrench

  • v.to twist and pull with force

  • n.a.a feeling of sadness caused by leaving

  • b. a place or a person that you love

  • Examples:

  • to wrench a door off its hinges

  • He managed to wrench himself free.

  • Leaving home was a terrible wrench for him.

The end of Word Study.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Phrases and Expressions

List:

  • as it were

  • brim over

  • catch one's breath

  • keep to oneself

  • not nearly enough

  • odds and ends

  • put sb. at ease

  • set off

  • warn against


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Phrases and Expressions

1. as it were

可谓,好像

used indicating not very accurate

Cf. as it is

  • Examples:

  • I'd understood the words, but I didn't,as it were, understand the question.

  • He is, as it were, a walking dictionary.

  • The English, the Scots and the Welsh are all, as it were, members of the same family.

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Phrases and Expressions

as it is

事实上

  • Examples:

  • I want to work at home on a Tuesday but as it is sometimes it's a Wednesday or a Thursday.

  • I thought things would get better, but as it is they are getting worse.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Phrases and Expressions

2. brim over

to overflow

  • Examples:

  • a glass brimming over with water

  • brim over with excitement, happiness, joy, etc.

  • I noticed Dorabella was brimming over with excitement.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Phrases and Expressions

3. catch one's breath

“Breath” phrases

to stop breathing for a moment from

surprise, fear, shock, etc.

  • Examples:

  • She caught her breath, instinctively touching her throat with her hand.

  • John caught his breath as Nikko nearly dropped the bottle.

  • He had stopped to catch his breath.

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Phrases and Expressions

  • at a breath

  • be short of breath

  • above one's breath

  • draw a breath

  • hold/keep one's breath

  • in a breath

  • out of breath

  • take breath

  • 一口气

  • 上气不接下气

  • 大声,说出声

  • 吸一口气

  • 屏息

  • 一瞬间,一口气

  • 大喘气,上气不接下气

  • 歇一口气


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Phrases and Expressions

4. keep to oneself

Chinese

不交际,

不与人往来

to avoid meeting people socially

  • Example:

  • Nobody knows much about him; he keeps very much to himself.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Phrases and Expressions

5. not nearly enough

Translation

far from enough; not enough

  • 差得很远。

  • 当时移居来这个地区的人很少。

  • Examples:

  • It's not nearly enough.

  • There weren't nearly enough people to settle all that land.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Phrases and Expressions

6. odds and ends

small articles of various kinds, without much value

  • Examples:

  • The old round tin was filled up with countless other odds and ends.

  • He only heard some odds and ends.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Phrases and Expressions

7. put/set sb. at ease

“Ease” phrases

to make sb. feel relaxed

  • Examples:

  • He had been dreading their meeting but her warm welcome soon put him at ease.

  • I never feel at ease in his company.

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Phrases and Expressions

  • Finish the task at your ease.

  • He felt ill at ease in the strange surroundings.

  • He led a life of ease.

  • He passed the test with ease.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Phrases and Expressions

8. set off

“Set” phrases

tostart a journey

  • Examples:

  • We setoff.

  • He setoff for his remote farmhouse in Texas.

  • She setoff, full of optimism.

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Phrases and Expressions

  • set about

  • set in

  • set off

  • set to

  • set back

  • set up

  • set down

  • set out

  • 开始,下手,着手

  • 开始,来到

  • 出发;使爆炸

  • 认真着手

  • 阻碍,使受挫折

  • 竖起,建立

  • 放下;制定

  • 出发,动身


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Phrases and Expressions

9. warn against

to warn someone not to do something

  • Examples:

  • I had been warnedagainst going off with strangers.

  • He warned me against going there at night.

The end of Phrases and Expressions.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Building

List:

  • Prefix:bi-

  • Root: ocular

  • Suffix:-ify


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Building

root

binoculars (6)

bi-:double, two, twice

prefix

  • 每年两次的

  • (议会)两院制的

  • 二色的

  • 每两年一次的

  • 分叉的

  • 重婚

  • 两种语言的

  • 两个月一次的

  • 两脚架

  • 有两极的

  • 两性的

  • 隔周的

biannual

bicameral

bicolored

biennial

bifurcated

bigamy

bilingual

bimonthly

bipod

bipolar

bisexual

biweekly


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Building

root

ocul:eye

binoculars (6)

prefix

  • 眼睛的,视觉的,像眼睛的

  • 眼科医生

  • 使眼球动的,动眼的

  • 双眼并用的,(pl.)双筒望远镜

  • 单眼的

  • 视力缺陷

  • 目证

ocular

oculist

oculomotor

binocular

monocular

ocular defeat

ocular proof


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Building

Suffix -ify

More examples

  • v.a. to make or become

  • b. to fill with

  • Examples:

  • to purify (= make or become pure)

  • to clarify (= make or become clear)

  • to terrify (= fill with terror)

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Word Building

Suffix -ify

Give corresponding verbs of the following nouns.

  • class

  • fortification

  • identification

  • justice

  • purity

  • satisfaction

  • simplicity

  • signification

  • glory

  • quality

  • classify

  • fortify

  • identify

  • justify

  • purify

  • satisfy

  • simplify

  • signify

  • glorify

  • qualify

The end of Word Building.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Grammar

Apposition

Definition:

A syntactic relation in which an element is juxtaposed to another element of the same kind,especially between noun phrases that do not have distinct referents.

Example:

Do you know my wife Lucy?

Lucy is in apposition to my wife.

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Grammar

Apposition

It was my secret fortress, almost a holy place.

The fortress is almost a holy place.

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Grammar

Apposition

I'd leave the bright sun and the twitter and rustle of insects and animals outside and creep into another world—a vaulted cathedral.

The world is like a cathedral with a vaulted ceiling.

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Grammar

Apposition

But she sent me home with two large tomes, one full of beautiful illustrations of birds, and one of butterflies and other insects.

More examples

One of the large tomes was full of beautiful illustrations of birds and the other was full of butterflies and other insects.

To be continued on the next page.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

  • Grammar

Apposition

Analyze the grammatical function of the italic parts.

  • A few years later Michael had another good

  • idea, to trade stamps by advertising in stamp

  • magazines.

  • If the baby is truly abandoned or orphaned

  • —something you can learn only by watching

  • it from a distance for an hour or more—you

  • have a decision to make.

  • We are faced with a big trouble: how to get

  • the license legally.

The end of Grammar.


Wisdom of bear wood

Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood

Part Five After-Class Assignment

Write

On Friendship

  • What is true friendship?

  • Why can't we live without friendship?

  • How could we gain true friendship?

The end of Writing.


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