Climate change reindeer herding and policy
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Climate Change, Reindeer Herding , and Policy. Brookings Institution 30.01.2013 Marius Warg Næss , PhD ([email protected]). Background. The Norwegian Government aims at developing a Economic Ecologic Cultural Sustainable reindeer husbandry. Temporal trends in abundance.

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Climate change reindeer herding and policy
Climate Change, Reindeer Herding, and Policy

BrookingsInstitution30.01.2013

Marius WargNæss, PhD ([email protected])


Background
Background

  • The Norwegian Government aims at developing a

    • Economic

    • Ecologic

    • Cultural

  • Sustainablereindeer husbandry



Redistribution of pastures
Redistribution of pastures

  • Underlying rationale

    • Fixed boundaries is a prerequisite for achieving a sustainable reindeer husbandry1

1The Norwegian Ministry of Agriculture and Food. (2008). St.prp. nr. 63: Om reindriftsavtalen 2008/2009 og om endringer i statsbudsjettet for 2008 m.m.," pp. 24. In Norwegian


Possible consequences
Possible consequences

  • Comparative evidence suggest that privatization leads to

    • Increased rangeland degradation

      • Intensified use


Possible consequences1
Possible consequences

  • Comparative evidence suggest that privatization leads to

    • Increased differences between poor and rich

      • Rich herders have access to more grazing areas


Possible consequences2
Possible consequences

  • Comparative evidence suggest that privatization leads to

    • Reduced flexibility for dealing with environmental variation

      • Mobility decreases


Possible consequences3
Possible consequences

  • Comparative evidence suggest that privatization leads to

    • Increased transaction costs

      • Monitoring and fencing


Possible consequences4
Possible consequences

  • Comparative evidence suggest that privatization leads to

    • Increased levels of conflict

      • Fenced in rangelands precludes negotiation


Possible consequences5
Possible consequences

  • Comparative evidence suggest that privatization leads to

    • Erosion of social networks

      • Cooperation is hindered


Climate change policy
Climate change & Policy

Thanks for the attention!

[email protected]

  • Climate change

    • Increased environmental variability

  • Official policy

    • Diminishes herders’ ability to respond

Photo: Bård-Jørgen Bårdsen


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