Lesson Two
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Lesson Two. الدرس الثاني. Topics: Adjectives and the nouns they qualify Adjectives of color and defect The Definite Article Sun Letters and Moon Letters Adjectives that qualify definite nouns. النَّعْتُ. The Adjective.

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الدرس الثاني

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Lesson Two

الدرس الثاني

Topics:

Adjectives and the nouns they qualify

Adjectives of color and defect

The Definite Article

Sun Letters and Moon Letters

Adjectives that qualify definite nouns

Arabic Language MCMC 2007


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النَّعْتُ

The Adjective

A noun qualified by an adjective is called مَنْعُوتٌwhile the adjective is called نَعْتٌ. The adjective follows the noun.

Examples:

Masculine:

Feminine:

Arabic Language MCMC 2007


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النَّعْتُ

The Adjective

When referring to a person, كَبِيرٌ means “old” while قَدِيمٌ means “long standing.”


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النَّعْتُ

The Adjective

Translate into Arabic:


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النَّعْتُ

The Adjective

This is a new student. = هَذَا طَالِبٌ جَدِيدٌ

Translate into Arabic:

Arabic Language MCMC 2007


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Exercise: point to the following objects and say in Arabic: “This is a … ...” using an adjective to describe it.


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النَّعْتُ

The Adjective

Correct the following sentences.

Arabic Language MCMC 2007


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النَّعْتُ

The Adjective

Here is a list of common adjectives:

Arabic Language MCMC 2007


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الْمَعْرِفَةُ وَالنَّكِرَةُ

Definite & Indefinite

الْمَعْرِفَةُ

definite

النَّكِرَةُ

indefinite

Tanwīnshows that a noun is indefinite. Tanwīnis dropped when the definite article (أَلْ) is present, leaving one Damma at the end. Since أَلْ begins with HamzatulWasl, it is elided when it comes after any word and is written as: ﭐ

Arabic Language MCMC 2007


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الْمَعْرِفَةُ وَالنَّكِرَةُ

Definite & Indefinite

Moon Letters الْحُرُوفُ الْقَمَرِيَّةُ

أ ب ج ح خ ع غ ف ق ك م ه و ي

Ifأَلْcomes before a Moon Letter, its Lam is pronounced with a sukoon.

أَلْأَبُ ،أَلْبَابُ ،أَلْحَمْدُ ، أَلْعَيْنُ ، أَلْفِيلُ، أَلْكَلِمَةُ

Sun Letters الْحُرُوفُ الشَّمْسِِيَّةُ

ت ث د ذ ر ز س ش ص ض ط ظ ل ن

Ifأَلْcomes before a Sun Letter, its Lam is assimilated into the letter.

أَلدَّارُ ، أَلسُّورَةُ ، أَلشَّجَرَةُ ، أَلطَّالِبُ، أَللَّيْلُ ، أَلنُّورُ

Arabic Language MCMC 2007


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الْمَعْرِفَةُ وَالنَّكِرَةُ

Definite & Indefinite

Read the following words with the definite article.

Arabic Language MCMC 2007


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The Adjective that Qualifies a Definite Noun

The adjective that qualifies a definite noun must be definite.

Read and translate the following:

Arabic Language MCMC 2007


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The Proper Noun & the Qualifying Adjective

Since proper nouns are definite, their نعت must be definite. Eg.

Translate:

Arabic Language MCMC 2007


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Adjectives of Color & Defect

Such adjectives have a distinct masculine form (أَفْعَلُ) and a distinct feminine form (فَعْلاَءُ), which does not end with ة. Also, they do not take Tanween.

Arabic Language MCMC 2007


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Adjectives of Color & Defect

Read and translate the following sentences.

Arabic Language MCMC 2007


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