Lesson Two
Download
1 / 15

الدرس الثاني - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 107 Views
  • Uploaded on

Lesson Two. الدرس الثاني. Topics: Adjectives and the nouns they qualify Adjectives of color and defect The Definite Article Sun Letters and Moon Letters Adjectives that qualify definite nouns. النَّعْتُ. The Adjective.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' الدرس الثاني' - muriel


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Lesson Two

الدرس الثاني

Topics:

Adjectives and the nouns they qualify

Adjectives of color and defect

The Definite Article

Sun Letters and Moon Letters

Adjectives that qualify definite nouns

Arabic Language MCMC 2007


النَّعْتُ

The Adjective

A noun qualified by an adjective is called مَنْعُوتٌwhile the adjective is called نَعْتٌ. The adjective follows the noun.

Examples:

Masculine:

Feminine:

Arabic Language MCMC 2007


النَّعْتُ

The Adjective

When referring to a person, كَبِيرٌ means “old” while قَدِيمٌ means “long standing.”


النَّعْتُ

The Adjective

Translate into Arabic:


النَّعْتُ

The Adjective

This is a new student. = هَذَا طَالِبٌ جَدِيدٌ

Translate into Arabic:

Arabic Language MCMC 2007


Exercise: point to the following objects and say in Arabic: “This is a … ...” using an adjective to describe it.


النَّعْتُ “This is a … ...” using an adjective to describe it.

The Adjective

Correct the following sentences.

Arabic Language MCMC 2007


النَّعْتُ “This is a … ...” using an adjective to describe it.

The Adjective

Here is a list of common adjectives:

Arabic Language MCMC 2007


الْمَعْرِفَةُ وَالنَّكِرَةُ “This is a … ...” using an adjective to describe it.

Definite & Indefinite

الْمَعْرِفَةُ

definite

النَّكِرَةُ

indefinite

Tanwīnshows that a noun is indefinite. Tanwīnis dropped when the definite article (أَلْ) is present, leaving one Damma at the end. Since أَلْ begins with HamzatulWasl, it is elided when it comes after any word and is written as: ﭐ

Arabic Language MCMC 2007


الْمَعْرِفَةُ وَالنَّكِرَةُ “This is a … ...” using an adjective to describe it.

Definite & Indefinite

Moon Letters الْحُرُوفُ الْقَمَرِيَّةُ

أ ب ج ح خ ع غ ف ق ك م ه و ي

Ifأَلْcomes before a Moon Letter, its Lam is pronounced with a sukoon.

أَلْأَبُ ،أَلْبَابُ ،أَلْحَمْدُ ، أَلْعَيْنُ ، أَلْفِيلُ، أَلْكَلِمَةُ

Sun Letters الْحُرُوفُ الشَّمْسِِيَّةُ

ت ث د ذ ر ز س ش ص ض ط ظ ل ن

Ifأَلْcomes before a Sun Letter, its Lam is assimilated into the letter.

أَلدَّارُ ، أَلسُّورَةُ ، أَلشَّجَرَةُ ، أَلطَّالِبُ، أَللَّيْلُ ، أَلنُّورُ

Arabic Language MCMC 2007


الْمَعْرِفَةُ وَالنَّكِرَةُ “This is a … ...” using an adjective to describe it.

Definite & Indefinite

Read the following words with the definite article.

Arabic Language MCMC 2007


The Adjective that Qualifies a Definite Noun “This is a … ...” using an adjective to describe it.

The adjective that qualifies a definite noun must be definite.

Read and translate the following:

Arabic Language MCMC 2007


The Proper Noun & the Qualifying Adjective “This is a … ...” using an adjective to describe it.

Since proper nouns are definite, their نعت must be definite. Eg.

Translate:

Arabic Language MCMC 2007


Adjectives of Color & Defect “This is a … ...” using an adjective to describe it.

Such adjectives have a distinct masculine form (أَفْعَلُ) and a distinct feminine form (فَعْلاَءُ), which does not end with ة. Also, they do not take Tanween.

Arabic Language MCMC 2007


Adjectives of Color & Defect “This is a … ...” using an adjective to describe it.

Read and translate the following sentences.

Arabic Language MCMC 2007


ad