The enjoyment of music 10 th shorter edition
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The Enjoyment of Music 10 th Shorter Edition. PART THREE More Materials of Music. “All music is nothing more than a succession of impulses that converge towards a definite point of repose.” — Igor Stravinsky. Unit V The Organization of Musical Sounds.

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The Enjoyment of Music 10 th Shorter Edition

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The enjoyment of music 10 th shorter edition

The Enjoyment of Music 10th Shorter Edition

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


Part three more materials of music

PART THREEMore Materials of Music

“All music is nothing more than a succession of impulses that converge towards a definite point of repose.”

—Igor Stravinsky

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


Unit v the organization of musical sounds

Unit V The Organization of Musical Sounds

“Composing is like driving down a foggy road toward a house. Slowly you see more details of the house, the color and slates and bricks, the shape of the windows. The notes are the bricks and mortar of the house.”

—Benjamin Britten

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


17 musical systems

 17. Musical Systems

  • A vibrating string sounds a certain pitch

  • Octave is basic interval

  • Western octave: 12 equal semitones

    • (half steps)

  • Major/minor scales: 7 pitches drawn from the 12

Billings:”Chester” (octave doubling)

Vivaldi: Concerto for Piccolo (major key)

Vivaldi: Concerto Grosso (minor key)

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


The formation of major and minor scales

 The Formation of Major and Minor Scales

  • 12 semitones make up chromatic scale

    • White keys on a keyboard

    • Black keys on a keyboard

    • Two half steps = whole step

Octave

&

#

#

#

#

#

half steps

whole step

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


White keys c d e f g a b c

 White Keys: C D E F G A B C

Black keys are in between the white keys

  • Up a scale sharp ( # )

  • Down a scale flat ( b )

  • Black key above C is C#, D is D#, etc.

  • Black key below D is Db, E is Eb, etc.

&

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


The enjoyment of music 10th 2c shorter edition

Key

  • Tonic

&

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


The major scale

Do re mi fa sol la ti do

 The Major Scale

  • Do-re-mi-fa-sol-la-ti-do

  • No black keys between E and F (mi–fa) or B and C (ti–do)

  • E–F and B–C are half steps

  • Other white keys are whole step apart

&

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


Major scales pattern

Do re mi fa sol la ti do

 Major Scales Pattern

  • Major mode: w w h w w w h

    Tonic (do)

    Dominant (sol)

&

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


The minor scale

 The Minor Scale

  • Minor mode: w h w w h w w

b

b

&

b

Do re mi fa sol la ti do

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


Chromaticism

 Chromaticism

  • Tones foreign to a key weaken the tonic relationship

    • Chromatictones

    • Diatonic tones

C major scale

#

&

#

#

#

#

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


Other scale types

 Other Scale Types

  • Non-Western

    Pentatonic (5 note)

    Tritonic (3 note)

    Heptatonic (7 note)

    Microtonal scale

Pentatonic Scale

&

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


Different ascending and descending patterns

Different Ascending and Descending Patterns

  • Indian ragas

Ascending

b

&

b

b

Descending

b

&

b

b

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


18 aspects of the major minor system

Original melody

Transposed melody (up a 4th)

b

Modulation (relative minor)

18. Aspects of the Major-Minor System

  • Using new key or temporarily shifting the tonal center

&

&

&

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


Active and rest chords

Active and Rest Chords

  • Tonic triad

  • Dominant triad

  • Subdominant triad

&

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8(1)

tonic

subdominant

dominant

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


The key as a form building element

The Key as a Form-Building Element

  • Key provides musical unity

  • Movement from key to key creates a form

  • Home key provides unity

  • Foreign key provides variety and contrast

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


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The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


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