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The Enjoyment of Music 10 th Shorter Edition. PART THREE More Materials of Music. “All music is nothing more than a succession of impulses that converge towards a definite point of repose.” — Igor Stravinsky. Unit V The Organization of Musical Sounds.

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The enjoyment of music 10 th shorter edition
The Enjoyment of Music 10th Shorter Edition

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


Part three more materials of music
PART THREEMore Materials of Music

“All music is nothing more than a succession of impulses that converge towards a definite point of repose.”

—Igor Stravinsky

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


Unit v the organization of musical sounds
Unit V The Organization of Musical Sounds

“Composing is like driving down a foggy road toward a house. Slowly you see more details of the house, the color and slates and bricks, the shape of the windows. The notes are the bricks and mortar of the house.”

—Benjamin Britten

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


17 musical systems
 17. Musical Systems

  • A vibrating string sounds a certain pitch

  • Octave is basic interval

  • Western octave: 12 equal semitones

    • (half steps)

  • Major/minor scales: 7 pitches drawn from the 12

Billings:”Chester” (octave doubling)

Vivaldi: Concerto for Piccolo (major key)

Vivaldi: Concerto Grosso (minor key)

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


The formation of major and minor scales
 The Formation of Major and Minor Scales

  • 12 semitones make up chromatic scale

    • White keys on a keyboard

    • Black keys on a keyboard

    • Two half steps = whole step

Octave

&

#

#

#

#

#

half steps

whole step

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


White keys c d e f g a b c
 White Keys: C D E F G A B C

Black keys are in between the white keys

  • Up a scale sharp ( # )

  • Down a scale flat ( b )

  • Black key above C is C#, D is D#, etc.

  • Black key below D is Db, E is Eb, etc.

&

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


Key

  • Tonic

&

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


The major scale

Do re mi fa sol la ti do

 The Major Scale

  • Do-re-mi-fa-sol-la-ti-do

  • No black keys between E and F (mi–fa) or B and C (ti–do)

  • E–F and B–C are half steps

  • Other white keys are whole step apart

&

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


Major scales pattern

Do re mi fa sol la ti do

 Major Scales Pattern

  • Major mode: w w h w w w h

    Tonic (do)

    Dominant (sol)

&

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


The minor scale
 The Minor Scale la ti do

  • Minor mode: w h w w h w w

b

b

&

b

Do re mi fa sol la ti do

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


Chromaticism
 Chromaticism la ti do

  • Tones foreign to a key weaken the tonic relationship

    • Chromatictones

    • Diatonic tones

C major scale

#

&

#

#

#

#

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


Other scale types
 Other Scale Types la ti do

  • Non-Western

    Pentatonic (5 note)

    Tritonic (3 note)

    Heptatonic (7 note)

    Microtonal scale

Pentatonic Scale

&

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


Different ascending and descending patterns
Different Ascending and Descending Patterns la ti do

  • Indian ragas

Ascending

b

&

b

b

Descending

b

&

b

b

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


18 aspects of the major minor system

Original melody la ti do

Transposed melody (up a 4th)

b

Modulation (relative minor)

18. Aspects of the Major-Minor System

  • Using new key or temporarily shifting the tonal center

&

&

&

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


Active and rest chords
Active and Rest Chords la ti do

  • Tonic triad

  • Dominant triad

  • Subdominant triad

&

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8(1)

tonic

subdominant

dominant

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


The key as a form building element
The Key as a Form-Building Element la ti do

  • Key provides musical unity

  • Movement from key to key creates a form

  • Home key provides unity

  • Foreign key provides variety and contrast

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


Www wwnorton com enjoy
www.wwnorton.com/enjoy la ti do

The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition


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