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BELLRINGER. Explain in complete sentences what are past and present organic farming products demands. Previous homework, due today. EXPLAIN IN DETAILS ORGANIC FARMING. HOMEWORK due tomorrow.

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BELLRINGER

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Bellringer

BELLRINGER

Explain in complete sentences what are past and

present organic farming products demands.


Previous homework due today

Previous homework, due today

EXPLAIN IN DETAILS ORGANIC FARMING


Homework due tomorrow

HOMEWORK due tomorrow

CALCULATE APPROXIMATELY SUPPLY AND DEMAND OF ORGANIC FARMING PRODUCTS FOR A COMMUNITY.

IT MAY BE JUST ONLY YOU!


Bellringer

Eco-organic farming in Estonia: institutions, supply, environmental public goods and integrated sustainable development planning in rural areas


Content

CONTENT

  • INTRODUCTION

    • SUPPLY

    • EXTERNAL PUBLIC ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS

    • INSTITUTIONS

  • OBJECTIVES


Estonia total population 1 4 million one third russian speaking capital tallinn

ESTONIATOTAL POPULATION 1,4 MILLION, ONE THIRD RUSSIAN SPEAKING, CAPITAL - TALLINN


Introduction

Introduction

  • Total area of Estonia ~4 500 000 ha

  • Agricultural land ~ 1 million hectar

  • Organically farmed 30 600 ha in 2002

    • The growth 7,5 times during last 4 years

  • The number of eco-organic farmers has increased from 89 to 583 from 1999 to 2002 in Estonia

  • 2/3 out of 583 have cattle, but only 136 have certificate to sell organic meat


Bellringer

Land use types of Estonian organic farms in 2002 (modified from Ader, 2003) expressed in hectares and as a percentage of total area under organic production in Estonia.


S upply

Supply

  • Demand for organic products has increased

  • new opportunities to export organic produce

  • The area of land cultivated organically will rise in the near future in Estonia,

  • Economic aspects (effectiveness, competitiveness) are not investigated in Estonian context


Eco organic agriculture and external effects

Eco-organic agriculture and external effects

  • External benefits and costs associated with eco-organic farming

  • recreation benefits

  • ecological functions:

  • landscape

  • nutrient leaching

  • soil erosion


Eco organic farming institutions

Eco-organic farming institutions

  • The Law on Organic Farming

  • Estonian Organic Farming Database

  • Estonian Foundation for Organic Farming

  • Association of the Organic Producers of Estonia

  • Informal:

    • Traditional farming methods

    • www.sahver.ee


Objectives supply

OBJECTIVESSupply

  • Determine the economic viability of eco-organic production

  • Estimate the opportunity costs of developing the sector

  • Evaluate the willingness of land managers to supply eco-organic products;


Objectives eco organic agriculture and external effects

OBJECTIVESEco-organic agriculture and external effects

  • Evaluate and quantify the supply of non-market environmental goods and services

  • The cost ofnon-market environmental benefits

  • Measure the public demand and preferences for non-market environmental goods and services


Objectives eco organic farming institutions

OBJECTIVES Eco-organic farming institutions

  • Establish the attitudes to eco-organic production

  • Assess the compliance of Estonian traditional farming methods with eco-organic farming certified requirements

  • Ascertain the formal and informal obstacles

  • Find out the impact of EU and governmental support mechanisms

  • Propose policy initiatives


Objectives eco organic farming institutions1

OBJECTIVESEco-organic farming institutions

  • Analyse the policy integration

  • Assess the level of participation


Bellringer

The average size and number of eco-organic farms in Estonia at the end of 2002 (modified from Ader 2003).


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