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RECAP, why are these relevant?. ITALIA, MOUSSOLINI. STALIN, RUSSIA. Totalitarianism, what is it?. DISCUSS. So far. We know that: Germany and Italy are not in good shape The Treaty of Versailles really screwed them

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Recap why are these relevant
RECAP, why are these relevant?

ITALIA, MOUSSOLINI

STALIN, RUSSIA



So far
So far

  • We know that:

  • Germany and Italy are not in good shape

  • The Treaty of Versailles really screwed them

  • Dictatorship is on the Rise mainly because they appeal to the publics wants

  • They ensure dominance through oppression


Today
Today

  • We’re going to talk about another Dictator; the most important one of the second world war


The causes of wwii

The Causes of WWII

& Nazi expansion during the 1930s


Hitler seduces the german people
Hitler seduces the German People

  • Hitler was an extremely popular leader

  • While the rest of the world was going through the great depression, Hitler offered his people good jobs (building weapons and Highways), a strong economy, social programs (like free vacations), ethnic price and a national purpose.

  • Hitler specifically targets children and brings Nazism to schools and creates mandatory after school programs

  • Even Germans who felt uncomfortable with all the militarism, propaganda, rallies and racial hatred (towards Jews and others) supported Hitler because life was better with him in power


That being said
That being said

  • HITLER WASN’T A GENIUS! The truth is that Germany was heading towards economic disaster. Don't ever listen to people who say otherwise!



What do youthink of this picture?



Originally the Reichsadler

“Imperial/National Eagle”

Roman Eagle Standard

Symbol of Power

Changed to the Reichsadler

“Federal/Imperial Eagle”

Originally a symbol

Used by ancient civilisations

(Iran, China, Korea, Europe)

The Vedic of Goodness of wealth

And prosperity


WHAT ELSE DOES HITLER DO ENSURE HIS REIGN IN GERMANY?

HOW DOES HE PROMOTE IT?


1 let s talk about propaganda
#1:Let’s talk about Propaganda

  • Why is propaganda important? Well…

  • It masks the truth (ex: Cake)

  • It spreads the word

  • It is effective

  • It sticks

  • Propaganda is usually:

  • Repetitious

  • Simple

  • Image based

  • Sentimental


Many forms of propaganda
Many forms of propaganda

But we will talk about political propaganda

Some people believe that advertising is a form of propaganda as it aims to persuade people to buy a certain product to make them feel a certain way. Propaganda is communication for the purpose of persuasion so they are linked in some way


Hitler used
Hitler Used

  • Fear (safety of their jobs, their children, the fate of their country, stereotypes)

  • Charisma

  • Most importantly: He appealed to the interests and problems of the German people

  • THINK OF THE WAVE

  • HITLER AT WORK http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AnpTWKKWQ1o


EXAMPLE OF FEAR:

Simple

Fear

Sticks

Stereotypes


SIMPLICITY

SYMBOL,

A WAY TO TELL THAT THEY ARE JEWISH


EXAMPLE PROPAGANDA BY THE AMERICANS :

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yJT9XbX4Thg


How else does he ensure power?

What would you do?


#2 YOUTH PROGRAMS

Signal obedience and glorify German nation



You’re completely right

WHY DID HE WANT TO INFLUENCE GERMANY’S YOUTH?



TO ENSURE POWER HE NEEDS TO…


Rebuild the german military
REBUILD THE GERMAN MILITARY

  • According to the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was to have a tiny army (100,000 men), no navy & no air force

  • Hitler immediately broke the treaty by spending millions on weapons production and development

  • He warship and aircraft production was kept top secret

  • He created an army of “workers” that were trained like soldiers



Germany invades the rhineland and the saar region
Germany invades the Rhineland and the Saar Region:

  • The Rhineland is the German border with France

  • As part of the Treaty of Versailles the Germany Army could not enter this area

  • The Saar Region was occupied by the French as part of the treaty

  • Hitler moved the German army into the Rhineland and the Saar Region in 1935

  • France did nothing

  • The German people were very excited and Hitler gained further support



Germany unifies with austria
Germany Unifies with Austria

  • Called the “ANSCHLUSS” or Union

  • Taking advantage of a weak Austrian government and a poor and humiliated Austrian people, Germany invades Austria and takes the country without firing a shot

  • Austria became part of Germany and Austrians were expected to call themselves Germans


Then the appeasement
Then, the Appeasement

  • In 1938, Hitler claims that German speaking people in the Sudetenland (part of Czechoslovakia) were being mistreated

  • Hitler threatens to invade to save these people

  • An international conference is called

  • Only France, Britain, Italy and Germany are invited

  • Britain and France decide to persuade Czechoslovakia into giving Germany the Sudetenland in exchange for a promise of peace

  • This was known as “Appeasement” or “giving in to the demands of others”

  • Hitler breaks his promise immediately and invades the rest of Czechoslovakia



The invasion of poland
The Invasion of Poland

  • Hitler wanted access to East Prussia (part of Germany that had been cut off from the rest of the country)

  • This was because of the “Polish Corridor” a path cut through Germany which gave Poland access to the ocean

  • Poland denied Germany access

  • Hitler invaded on Sept 1, 1939

  • England and France finally step in and declare war against Germany



Key points
KEY POINTS

  • Germany expands by:

  • Invading the Rhineland (1935)

  • Invading the Saar Region (1935)

  • Unifies with Austria (Anschluss 1938)

  • Invades Czechoslovakia (1938)

  • Invades Poland in 1939 (the beginning of the WWII)


True or false
True or False

  • Was Hitler a Genius or was he at the right place at the right time?


True or fals e
True or False

  • The following Countries practiced totalitarianism in the 1930’s: Germany, Italy, Russia, and Britain


True or false1
True or False

  • These are some of the important articles of the Treaty of Versailles:

  • Germany would pay $32,000,000,000 in reparations

  • Germany’s military is destroyed (no Aircraft, reduced Navy, 100,000 man army)

  • Germany lost all colonies

  • Germany lost almost 20% of its territory (to France, Poland and others)


True or false2
True or False

  • Hyperinflation means that people have more money and that prices will go down


True or false3
True or False

  • The Appeasement is when you do not give in



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