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Independence Movements. China: Civil War. Agenda 3/20/14. Warm-up and Review Homework Quiz on World War II Notes on China Civil War Venn Diagram Homework- Reading Guide on Cold War Syrian Civil War. Chinese Civil War (1927-1949).

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Independence movements

Independence Movements

China: Civil War


Agenda 3 20 14
Agenda 3/20/14

Warm-up and Review Homework

Quiz on World War II

Notes on China Civil War

Venn Diagram

Homework- Reading Guide on Cold War

Syrian Civil War


Chinese civil war 1927 1949
Chinese Civil War (1927-1949)

  • 1912 – Nationalists overthrew the Qing dynasty which had ruled China since 1644

  • 1912 – Sun Yixianbecame the President of China (goals – end to foreign control, democracy, and economic security for all Chinese) – ineffective leader

  • 1913 – Yuan Shikai (a powerful general) became President of China – ruled as a military dictator (sparked revolts throughout China – period of instability)


Chinese civil war 1927 19491
Chinese Civil War (1927-1949)

  • May 4, 1919 (May Fourth Movement) – After hearing about the Versailles Treaty, many students, workers, manufacturers, shopkeepers, and professionals protested Western influence/democracy in China and opted for Lenin’s brand of Soviet communism

  • While the Communist Party was forming, Sun Yixian and his Nationalist Party set up a government in South China

    1911 Revolution


Chinese civil war 1927 19492
Chinese Civil War (1927-1949)

  • April 1927 – Chiang Kai-shek and the Nationalists attacked the Communists in Shanghai

  • 1928 – Chiang Kai-shek became President of the Nationalist Republic of China

  • 1927-1949 – Civil War between Nationalists and Communists


Nationalists
Nationalists

  • Leader - Chiang Kai-shek

  • Area Ruled - Southern China

  • Foreign Support - United States

  • Public Support - Weak due to inflation and failing economy

  • Military Organization - Ineffective, corrupt leadership and poor morale


Communists
Communists

  • Leader - Mao Zedong

  • Area Ruled -Northern China

  • Foreign Support -Soviet Union

  • Public Support -Strong due to promised land reform

  • Military Organization - Experienced, motivated guerilla army


Two chinas emerge
Two Chinas Emerge

  • China had split into two nations – Island of Taiwan (Nationalist China) and the People’s Republic of China (mainland China)

  • Chiang Kai-shek – ruler of Nationalist China

  • Mao Zedong – ruler of People’s Republic of China


Great leap forward 1958 1960
Great Leap Forward (1958-1960)

  • abandon the Soviet model of economic development

  • people’s communes

  • •unrealistic output targets

  • industry

  • agricultural and human disaster

    Great Leap Forward


Cultural revolution
Cultural Revolution

  • Mao’s goal was to get rid of privilege ruling class

  • Mao issued reforms meant to erase all traces of Western Influence

    Cultural Revolution


Cultural revolution1
Cultural Revolution

  • Mao’s Little Red Book, a collection of teachings on communism, became a popular symbol of the Cultural Revolution

  • The whole plan failed miserably in advancing China socially or economically


After mao s death
After Mao’s Death

  • XengDiapong

  • Took over after Mao’s Death

  • Reformed China’s economy to a market economy

  • Continued communist control of government


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