T he Baroque: 1600-1750. The Age of Musical Extravagance and Control. Early Baroque Composers (1600-1700). Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643) wrote sacred works, madrigals, and opera. We will study his opera The Coronation of Poppea later in our opera unit. He exemplifies emotion in vocal music.
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The Baroque: 1600-1750
The Age of Musical Extravagance and Control
These composers are from the late Baroque period, 1700-1750.
Ex. 1.) Goldberg Variation 1 (1955 and 1981) on my
Ex. 2.) The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book I, Prelude in C Major, on the 3-CD set bundled with your textbook, or on the 6-CD set on reserve in WCC library.
Ex. 3.) The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book I, Fugue in C Major, on the 3-CD set bundled with your textbook, or on the 6-CD set on reserve in WCC library.
Definition (Kerman p. 131): “a polyphonic composition for a fixed number of instrumental lines or voices [4 or more], built upon a single principal theme.”
Subject: The principal theme of a fugue.
Countersubject: a second, complementary subject.
Exposition: When the subject is first presented successively in all voices.
Episode: Passages of music between the exposition and subsequent subject entries (restatements of the subject).
Exposition (subject; subj.; subj.; subj.), tonic key
Subject entry, another key
Subject entry, yet another key
Subject entry, return to the tonic key
Ritornello(see p. 123 Kerman)
Ritornello (some or all when it returns)
Solo cadenza in here somewhere; displays virtuosity
etc….alternates solos with Rit.; ends with Rit.