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CEIT 225 Instructional Design. Assoc. Prof. Dr. K ü r ş at Ç a ğı ltay http://www.metu.edu.tr/~kursat. Remember some basic concepts. Last week, what did we discuss?. They Create. Better Living Environments. Instructional Technologists Create. Better Learning Environments

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ceit 225 instructional design

CEIT 225 Instructional Design

Assoc. Prof.Dr. Kürşat Çağıltay


remember some basic concepts
Remember some basic concepts
  • Last week, what did we discuss?
they create
They Create
  • Better Living Environments
instructional technologists create
Instructional Technologists Create
  • Better Learning Environments

by Instructional Design

instructional design id
Instructional Design (ID)?
  • The systematic process of translating principles of learning and instruction into plans for instructional materials and activities.
instructional design id1
Instructional Design (ID)?
  • Process
  • Principles of learning (such as?)
  • Principles of instruction (such as?)
  • instructional materials and
  • activities
  • Instructional Designer & Engineer
    • Both plan work based upon successful principles.
    • Both design things that are functional, attractive, & appealing to user.
    • Both have established problem solving procedures to guide them.
    • Both write specifications or plans.
purpose of id
Purpose of ID
  • All those experiences in which people learn.
  • Education
    • Teaching, math, science, language ....
  • Training
    • http://www.tbb-bes.org.tr/tbb/DesktopDefault.aspx?tabid=1&tabindex=0
    • http://www.goarmy.com/soldier-life/becoming-a-soldier/basic-combat-training.html
what is instruction
What is Instruction?
  • Delivery of information & activities that facilitate learners’ attainment of intended, specific learning goals.
  • Activities focused on learners learning specific things.
what is design
What is Design?
  • Implies a “systematic” planning process prior to the development of something.
  • Distinguished from other planning by
    • Level of precision
    • Care
    • Expertise employed
the id process
The ID Process
  • Another way of defining ID is to describe the process involved in the systematic planning of instruction.
  • At basic level, instructional designer’s job is to answer three major questions.
three major questions
Three Major Questions
  • Where are we going? Objectives
  • How will we get there? Inst. Strategy
  • How will we know when we have arrived? Evaluation
quick quiz1
Quick quiz
  • Write down 5 basic steps of instructional design
  • 5 mins
general id steps
General ID Steps
  • Different models exist for different instructional purposes; however, the process is summarized in five phases.
known as addie
Known as ADDIE













a analysis
A = Analysis
  • In analysis stage of ID process, want to find out
    • Who are the learners or audience
      • Audience analysis
    • What is the goal or intended outcome
      • Goal analysis
d design
D = Design
  • Content of the course
    • Subject matter analysis
  • Steps of instruction
    • Lesson planning-writing objectives
  • Type of media or presentation mode
    • Media selection
d development
D = Development
  • Development of instruction
    • Generate lesson plans (different from lesson planning) and lesson materials.
    • Complete all media & materials for instruction, and supporting documents.
    • End result is a course or workshop ready for delivery.
i implementation
I = Implementation
  • The delivery of the instruction.
    • Purpose is effective & efficient delivery of instruction.
    • Promote students’ understanding of material & objectives, and ensure transfer of knowledge.
e evaluation
E = Evaluation
  • Two related evaluations going on simultaneously in most ID situations.
    • Formative Evaluation
    • Summative Evaluation
formative evaluation
Formative Evaluation
  • Going on during & between ID steps.
  • Purpose is to improve instruction before completed instruction is delivered.
summative evaluation
Summative Evaluation
  • Usually occurs after instruction completed & implemented.
  • How much & how well did students learn?
  • How well did course or workshop work?
    • Does it need modification before being presented again?
    • What needs changing? Content? Instruction? Media?
  • Creating instructions to draw a picture
your task in this course
Your Task in this Course
  • Designing an Instruction for a company Microsoft
  • An instructional module to teach Internet Safety
    • A text material – about 4 pages, color print
    • A video – 3-5 minutes, stopmotion
    • All of them will be presented on udemy.com