Trade liberalisation and the labour market in morocco
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Trade Liberalisation and the Labour Market in Morocco. Novella Bottini (University of Pavia, and LIUC) Michael Gasiorek (University of Sussex, and GREQAM). Morocco: Manufacturing Sector. We examine how trade liberalisation with EU and MENA countries impacts on Moroccan workers

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Trade Liberalisation and the Labour Market in Morocco

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Trade Liberalisation and the Labour Market in Morocco

Novella Bottini

(University of Pavia, and LIUC)

Michael Gasiorek

(University of Sussex, and GREQAM)


Morocco: Manufacturing Sector

We examine how trade liberalisation with EU

and MENA countries impacts on

Moroccan workers

by changing the composition of employment.


Methodology (1)

Entry

  • POS  Job Creation

    Hiring

    Exit

  • NEG  Job Destruction

    Firing


Methodology (2)

  • SUM  Turnover = POS + |NEG|

  • NET = POS – NEG

  • EXCESS  Churning

    EXC = Between + Within


Turnover


Entry VS Hiring


Exit VS Firing


Turnover By Export Status (1)


Turnover By Export Status (2)


Turnover By Size (1)


Turnover By Size (2)


Main Results: Review

  • Turnover: Permanent Workers < Temporary Workers;

  • Turnover Morocco > Turnover USA and UE;

  • Change in the trend after 1997;

  • Exporters ~ NonExporters in magnitude BUT not in time trend and composition;

  • Turnover: Small > Medium > Large;

  • Turnover in the main sectors is higher than the average value for the whole economy.


Churning among Sectors


Churning among ExportStatus Groups


Churning among Size Groups


Conclusion and Further Steps

  • The analysis suggests that Turnover is higher among:

    • Temporary Workers,

    • Small Firms,

    • (NO difference among Exporters and NonExporters).

  • Trade Liberalisation increase JR mainly among Temporary Workers.

  • Simultaneous JC and JD within industries, size and Export Status Groups account for the vast majority of total turnover (70% on average)

    Firm heterogeneityis the key issue to understand job

    reallocation in the Moroccan economy.


Grazie!


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