Trade liberalisation and the labour market in morocco
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Trade Liberalisation and the Labour Market in Morocco. Novella Bottini (University of Pavia, and LIUC) Michael Gasiorek (University of Sussex, and GREQAM). Morocco: Manufacturing Sector. We examine how trade liberalisation with EU and MENA countries impacts on Moroccan workers

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Trade Liberalisation and the Labour Market in Morocco

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Trade liberalisation and the labour market in morocco

Trade Liberalisation and the Labour Market in Morocco

Novella Bottini

(University of Pavia, and LIUC)

Michael Gasiorek

(University of Sussex, and GREQAM)


Morocco manufacturing sector

Morocco: Manufacturing Sector

We examine how trade liberalisation with EU

and MENA countries impacts on

Moroccan workers

by changing the composition of employment.


Methodology 1

Methodology (1)

Entry

  • POS  Job Creation

    Hiring

    Exit

  • NEG  Job Destruction

    Firing


Methodology 2

Methodology (2)

  • SUM  Turnover = POS + |NEG|

  • NET = POS – NEG

  • EXCESS  Churning

    EXC = Between + Within


Turnover

Turnover


Entry vs hiring

Entry VS Hiring


Exit vs firing

Exit VS Firing


Turnover by export status 1

Turnover By Export Status (1)


Turnover by export status 2

Turnover By Export Status (2)


Turnover by size 1

Turnover By Size (1)


Turnover by size 2

Turnover By Size (2)


Main results review

Main Results: Review

  • Turnover: Permanent Workers < Temporary Workers;

  • Turnover Morocco > Turnover USA and UE;

  • Change in the trend after 1997;

  • Exporters ~ NonExporters in magnitude BUT not in time trend and composition;

  • Turnover: Small > Medium > Large;

  • Turnover in the main sectors is higher than the average value for the whole economy.


Churning among sectors

Churning among Sectors


Churning among exportstatus groups

Churning among ExportStatus Groups


Churning among size groups

Churning among Size Groups


Conclusion and further steps

Conclusion and Further Steps

  • The analysis suggests that Turnover is higher among:

    • Temporary Workers,

    • Small Firms,

    • (NO difference among Exporters and NonExporters).

  • Trade Liberalisation increase JR mainly among Temporary Workers.

  • Simultaneous JC and JD within industries, size and Export Status Groups account for the vast majority of total turnover (70% on average)

    Firm heterogeneityis the key issue to understand job

    reallocation in the Moroccan economy.


Grazie

Grazie!


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