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LEISURE

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LEISURE

  • The Leisure industry is one of the fastest growing sectors in the UK to date.

  • The tourism industry alone generates £38bn - £40bn per year.

  • Over 50 thousand jobs are created covering hospitality management, transport agencies and the sports industry.


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Definition of Leisure

“ Leisure is the opportunity and time outside working hours to choose and take part in activities or experiences which are expected to be personally satisfying ”

(OUP 1997)


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Industrial Revolution 18th -19th CENTURY

  • Poverty, crime, long working hours, overcrowding and poor housing halted the development of leisure during this time.

  • Leisure at this time became the preserve of the wealthy because the majority of the working population could not afford to participate in sport. Food and shelter were far more important.

  • This section outlines the basic reasons why we participate in leisure activities. How many of these relate to your personal experiences.


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Reasons for Leisure Participation

  • Reduction of working hours = More free time. This chart shows the number of hours per week each age group spends participating in Leisure and Recreation activities


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Hours per week

16-24

25-34

35-44

45-59

60 +

All 16+

TV & Radio

14

15

13

17

26

19

Visiting Friends

7

5

4

4

4

5

Reading

1

1

2

3

6

3

Socialising

3

3

3

4

4

3

Eating & Drinking

6

4

4

4

2

3

Hobbies & Games

2

2

1

3

3

2

Walks

2

2

1

2

3

2

Doing nothing

1

1

1

2

2

2

Sports Participation

3

1

1

1

1

1

Religious meetings

*

1

1

0

1

1

Concerts, Cinema

1

1

0

0

0

0

Other

1

0

0

0

0

0

All free time

40

37

33

40

52

42


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2) Growth of disposable income

This is the money you have left over after you have paid your bills and expenses.

Therefore, the more you have, the more activities you can do.

3) The availability of transport

This has aided the ability of people to travel to and from places quicker and in comfort.


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4) Changing personal needs:

The more experiences that are provided, the greater our needs and expectation become.

We have far more choice of Leisure activities and more places to sample them.

5) More paid holidays:

During the 1870’s, workers only received 1-2 days paid holiday a year.

By the 1970’s, 52% of the workforce had 3 weeks paid holiday.

In the 1990’s, workers can expect 4-5 weeks paid holiday per year.


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6) TV and Media exposure

We now get to see programmes from all over the world.

Satellite and Cable TV has allowed us to see cultures and countries we would not have dreamed about. And through TV we have become more educated.

7) Work Patterns in the UK

We have had a shift in working patterns in the 1990’s. People no longer work long hours, 7 days a week. People are more incline to opt for one of the following choices:

Part time - Job share - Shorter hours - Working at home


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