Michigan high school graduation requirements
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Michigan High School Graduation Requirements. August 2006. Why…Economic Survival. Our students face both national and international competition Research shows many students are not prepared to succeed in college or workplace Courses like Algebra II are new gateway to higher paying jobs

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Michigan High School Graduation Requirements

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Michigan high school graduation requirements

Michigan High School Graduation Requirements

August 2006


Michigan high school graduation requirements

Why…Economic Survival

  • Our students face both national and international competition

  • Research shows many students are not prepared to succeed in college or workplace

  • Courses like Algebra II are new gateway to higher paying jobs

  • Michigan’s economic success is tied to a well-educated workforce


Michigan high school graduation requirements

Strong math and science backgrounds

Creative problem solvers

Effective communicators

Leadership qualities

Flexibility - ability to adapt

A minimum of 14 years of education

Why…Employers Want


College ready is work ready

College-ready is Work-ready

“…we know that the skills expected for college are also the skills needed to enter today’s workforce. So whether students plan further education or work after high school graduation, they need to graduate college-ready.”

On Course for Success ACT


History of high school requirements

History of High School Requirements

  • Cherry Commission on Higher Education and Economic Growth

  • Yearlong study of resources, districts and best practices

  • State Board of Education leads the movement

  • Extraordinary partnership between Executive and Legislative branches


History of high school requirements1

History of High School Requirements

  • Legislation signed by Governor Granholm on April 20, 2006 created a set of rigorous high school requirements

  • State graduation requirements become most comprehensivein nation

  • New requirements effective Class of 2011 except for Languages other than English: 2016


Successful high school programs

Successful High School Programs

  • High expectations

  • Rigorous requirements

  • Academic studies applied to real-world situations and projects

  • Challenging career/technical studies

  • Work-based learning opportunities


School environment

School Environment

  • Teachers working together

  • Students actively engaged

  • Productive senior year

  • Guidance

  • Support structures

    High Schools That Work,

    Southern Regional Education Board

    June 2005


Collaboration is the key

Collaboration is the Key

Our Partners

  • Higher Education

  • Local School District Staff

  • ISD and RESA Consultants

  • Career and Technical Educators

  • Special Education and Support Staff

  • Content and Curriculum Consultants

  • Professional Organizations

  • Others


Overview of michigan merit curriculum

Overview of Michigan Merit Curriculum

2011 Requirements (2006 8th grade class)

  • 4 English Language Arts

  • 4 Mathematics (1 in senior year)

  • 3 Science

  • 3 Social Studies

  • 1 Physical Education/Health

  • 1 Visual, Performing, and Applied Arts

  • On-line course/experience

    2016 Requirements (2006 3rd grade class)

  • 2 credits/experience in Languages other than English


Courageous leadership

Courageous Leadership

  • “By enacting the Michigan Merit Curriculum, the Michigan Legislature and Governor Granholm…the State Board of Education and the Department of Education have catapulted Michigan from the state that demanded among the least…to one of the states that demands the most.

  • Enacting Michigan Merit Curriculum required political leadership and courage. Implementing it well will require the skill and dedication of Michigan’s educators, a challenge they are surely up to.”

    • Michael Cohen

    • President and CEO of Achieve, Inc.


What was mde s charge

What Was MDE’s Charge?

  • Create a set of subject matter content expectations and guidelines that will ensure rigorous learning for all students in high school so as to meet the requirements of the Michigan Merit Curriculum

  • Convene committees that represent the highest levels of expertise


What was mde s charge1

What Was MDE’s Charge?

  • Align expectations to national and international standards

  • Submit work for public and national reviews

  • Publish documents that are useful to teachers, parents, students, and the community


Michigan merit curriculum

Michigan Merit Curriculum

  • The Michigan Merit Curriculum represents the credits required for graduation in specific subject areas and learning experiences

    • Course/Credit Content Expectations for:

      • English Language Arts

      • Mathematics

      • Science

      • Social Studies

    • Subject Area/Learning Experience Guidelines for:

      • Visual, Performing, and Applied Arts (VPAA)

      • Physical Education/Health

      • Online Learning

      • Languages other than English (LOTE)


Michigan high school graduation requirements

High School Course/Credit Content Expectations


Michigan high school graduation requirements

Who Was Involved?

  • Academic Work Groups

    • Chaired by Higher Education

    • Other representative members

      • Local and Intermediate School Districts

      • Professional Organizations

      • Career & Technical Education

  • Review Committees

  • Web Review

  • National Review

    • Achieve, Inc. – ELA and Mathematics

    • Council of State Science Supervisors

    • North American Council for Online Learning


What was developed

What Was Developed?

  • High School Content Expectations (HSCE)

    • The “universe” of recommended content during a 4 year high school experience

  • Course/Credit Content Expectations (CCE)

    • Specific course/credit content requirements derived from the “universe” of the HSCE


Michigan high school graduation requirements

Course/Credit Content Expectations

  • Build on and extend

    -Michigan K-8 Grade Level Content Expectations and the K-8 Educational Experience

    -Michigan Curriculum Framework

    -Career and Employability Skills Standards and Benchmarks


Michigan high school graduation requirements

Course/Credit Content Expectations

  • Are aligned with national standards and recommendations from:

    • American Diploma Project (ADP) and Achieve, Inc.,

    • National Council of Teachers of English and the International Reading Association

    • National Council of Teachers of Mathematics and Program for International Student Assessment (PISA)

    • College Board (SAT)

    • National Assessment Evaluation Program (NAEP) and National Assessment Governing Board (NAGB)

    • American College Testing Program (ACT)


English language arts

English Language Arts

  • Required: 4 credits

  • Credit content is defined by units

    • 4 model units per credit (year)

    • Anchor texts narrative/informational

    • Organized by Big Ideas

    • Increasing levels of complexity and sophistication

  • Emphasis on Reading, Writing, and Informational Text


Mathematics

Mathematics

  • Required: 4 Credits

  • Credit content is developed for:

    • Algebra I, Geometry, and Algebra II, Pre-Calculus, Statistics, and Integrated Mathematics

  • Algebra I, Geometry, and Algebra II are required

  • Senior year of math is required – to be selected from district or online options, and/or dual enrollment

  • Sequence is not mandated

  • Legislation lists examples, list not exclusive

  • Integrated math allowed


Science

Science

  • Required: 3 Credits

  • Credit content is developed for:

    • Earth Science, Biology, Chemistry, and Physics

  • Biology required of everyone

  • Choice of Physics or Chemistry

  • 3rd credit to be selected from district or online options, and/or dual enrollment

  • Legislation encourages 4th credit

  • Sequence not mandated


Social studies

Social Studies

  • Required: 3 credits

  • Credit content is being developed for:

    • U.S. History and Geography, Civics, Economics, and World History and Geography

  • 1 credit in U.S. History and Geography

  • .5 credit in Civics

  • .5 credit in Economics

  • 1 credit in World History and Geography

  • Anticipated approval and dissemination 2007


Michigan high school graduation requirements

High School Course/Credit Guidelines


Course credit guidelines

Course/Credit Guidelines

  • The Course/Credit Guidelines (CCG)

    • Provide high schools with general content and processes

    • Local school districts will assign credits based on their course/credit offerings that are aligned to the Course/Credit Guidelines

    • Guidelines are aligned to Michigan Curriculum Framework, Career and Technical Education Standards, and/or other program area guidelines


Visual performing and applied arts

Visual, Performing, and Applied Arts

  • Required: 1 credit

  • Guidelines are developed for:

    • Visual, Performing, and Applied Arts

  • The goal is to provide students with experience in the entire artistic/creative process

  • Guidelines focus on artistic/creative processes rather than defining set of courses that meet guidelines

  • Credit assignment is up to local school district


Physical education health

Physical Education/Health

  • Required: 1 credit

  • Guidelines are being developed for:

    • Health and Physical Education

  • Physical Education and Health requirements may be met in other course/credit areas that meet the established guidelines


Online requirement

Online Requirement

  • Requirement: No credit by law requires online learning experience

  • Guidelines for this learning experience have been developed

    • Credit or non-credit course or learning experience

      OR…

    • District has integrated online learning into each credit area required for graduation

  • MDE identifies basic level of technology and internet access for requirement to be in effect


Languages other than english

Languages Other Than English

  • Required:

    • 2 credits in high school

      OR..

    • Course work or other learning experiences prior to/during high school (K-12)

  • American Sign Language (ASL) and Heritage Languages qualify toward this requirement

  • Requirement may be met on-line


Timeline for course credit content expectations and guidelines

Timeline for Course/Credit Content Expectations and Guidelines

  • Course/Credit Content Expectations and Guidelines will be presented to the State Board and made available on the MDE website on August 4, 2006:

    • English Language Arts: Units for 9th and 10th grades

    • Mathematics: Algebra I, Geometry, Algebra II,

      Precalculus, Statistics

    • Science: Earth Science, Biology, Chemistry, Physics

    • Visual, Performing, and Applied Arts

    • Online Experience


Timeline for course credit content expectations and guidelines1

Timeline for Course/Credit Content Expectations and Guidelines

  • Course/Credit Content Expectations and Guidelines projected for 2007

    • Social Studies: U.S. History and Geography, Economics, Civics, World History and Geography

    • Languages other than English (LOTE): Guidelines for credit and experience


Michigan high school graduation requirements

Michigan Merit Curriculum Completion Schedule


Michigan high school graduation requirements

Michigan Merit Curriculum Completion Schedule


Michigan high school graduation requirements

Michigan Merit Curriculum Completion Schedule


Michigan high school graduation requirements

Michigan Merit Curriculum Completion Schedule


Michigan high school graduation requirements

Michigan Merit Curriculum Completion Schedule


Performance matters

Performance Matters

What’s New

Meet or exceed content expectations

Perform and demonstrate competency

Assign credit based on meeting expectations

What We Know

  • Currently

  • Pass or fail

  • Seat time

  • Individual courses


Courses vs credits

Courses vs. Credits

Student earns credit by:

  • Successfully completing the learning expectations in the Course/Credit Content Expectations for the credit area

  • Successful completion to be determined, in part, by state or local district assessments

  • “Testing out” allowed based on earning qualifying score on state or local assessments


Courses vs credits cont d

Courses vs. Credits,cont’d.

  • Graduation requirements intended to be standards/competency-based

  • Requirements do not imply courses, seat time, Carnegie Units

  • Legislation says districts may offer credits through “alternate methods” (e.g. Humanities, CTE, Industrial Technology, Voc-Ed, or combination)


Courses vs credits cont d1

Courses vs. Credits,cont’d.

  • Credit requirement can be met in variety of ways and in other courses

    • Career Technical Education

    • Community based learning

    • Independent study/project work

  • High school credit may be earned for high school level courses taken prior to high school


Courses vs credits cont d2

Courses vs. Credits,cont’d.

  • Legislation does not prohibit student satisfying credit requirements through:

    • Dual enrollment

    • Advanced Placement

    • International Baccalaureate

    • Other “early college” experiences or programs


Michigan merit curriculum assessments

Michigan Merit Curriculum Assessments

  • By April 2009 the MDE must develop or select and approve assessments districts may use to measure achievement in at least the required credit areas of English Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies by:

    • End-of-course exams

    • Possible incremental (semester) assessments


Michigan merit curriculum assessments1

Michigan Merit Curriculum Assessments

  • Local districts may use own assessments to measure achievement in credits

  • New law authorizes local district to institute Michigan Merit Exam (MME) as graduation requirement


Personal curriculum

Personal Curriculum

  • Must meet high school requirements except as designated by law

  • Graduation requirements may be modified through the “Personal Curriculum”


Personal curriculum1

Personal Curriculum

  • Developed by team comprised of: the student, parent/guardian, high school counselor or staff member designated by principal

  • No age or grade level specified

  • Should incorporate as much of graduation requirements as practicable


Personal curriculum cont d

Personal Curriculum,cont’d.

  • Shall include measurable goals and evaluation

  • Aligned with student’s Educational Development Plan (EDP from 7th grade)

  • Final plan must be approved by parents and district superintendent

  • Parents must communicate with teachers once each quarter to assess progress


Personal curriculum2

Personal Curriculum


Personal curriculum3

Personal Curriculum


Personal curriculum4

Personal Curriculum


Sample student schedule career technical education emphasis

Sample Student Schedule - Career Technical Education Emphasis

Grade 9

Grade 10

Grade 11

Grade 12

Period 1

English 9

English 10

English 11

English 12

Period 2

Algebra I

Geometry

Algebra II

Math-Related

Period 3

World History

US History

Gov/Econ

Science

Period 4

Biology

Chemistry

Period 5

Health/PE

Visual, Performing, and Applied (VPAA)

Period 6

LOTE

LOTE

CTE

CTE

LOTE: Languages other than English


Sample student schedule instrumental music emphasis

Sample Student Schedule -Instrumental Music Emphasis


7 period day

7 Period Day


4x4 block a b block

4x4 Block A/B Block

First Semester or A Schedule

Second Semester or B Schedule


Trimester schedule

Trimester Schedule


Special education

Special Education

  • All graduation requirements apply

  • Student’s IEP supports the student to achieve graduation

  • The IEP must identify the appropriate supports to successfully complete the Michigan Merit Curriculum or through a Personal Curriculum


Support for students at risk

Support for Students At Risk

Students at risk of failure or dropping out

  • District must provide parents information on tutoring, support, counseling services that are available, such as:

    • 31A programs/services

    • Services required through NCLB (if school receives Title 1 funds)

    • Other school/district-based services


District modification

District Modification

  • District must make available opportunities to meet all graduation requirements by beginning of 2007-08 school year (when next year’s 8th graders enter 9th grade)

  • If not available in the district itself, other arrangements such as:

    • Co-op agreements with neighboring district(s)

    • Online options

    • Dual enrollment

    • Distance learning


District modification1

District Modification

  • If district still can not provide required opportunities, may apply for approval of phase-in plan

    • MDE to develop guidelines

  • Phase-in, no permanent waivers

  • If district can not meet requirements, MDE will work with district to develop plan


Specialty schools

Specialty Schools

  • State Superintendent may designate up to 15 “Specialty Schools”

  • Exempt from the 4 ELA credits

  • Exempt from the 3 Social Studies credits

  • Must require 4 credits of Science, with no modification

  • No modification of Math credits


Specialty schools cont d

Specialty Schools, cont’d.

  • Must incorporate significant Reading and Writing in curriculum

  • Specialized, innovative curriculum using national or international models

  • Mean scores on Math and Science sections of ACT must be 10% above local district


Specialty schools cont d1

Specialty Schools,cont’d.

  • Must have an 85% graduation rate

  • Must have 75% enrolled in post-secondary

  • Students and parents must be notified if school doesn’t meet Michigan Merit graduation requirements

  • Student transferring to another school would be required to meet graduation requirements


School accreditation

School Accreditation

  • State accreditation of high schools dependent upon schools providing opportunities to meet all graduation requirements

  • Beginning 2008-09 school year, no high school will be accredited unless such opportunities are provided

  • Law provides for consequences for schools failing to be accredited for 3 consecutive years


Mde obligations

MDE Obligations

  • Develop Course/Credit Content Expectations for subject areas named in legislation

  • Develop guidelines for:

    • PE/Health

    • Visual, Performing, and Applied Arts

    • Online Learning Experience

    • Languages other than English (experiences K-12)

  • Alternative delivery methods

  • District phase-in requirements


Mde obligations cont d

MDE Obligations,cont’d.

  • Within 3 years developor select and approve assessments that may be used by the district for the Course/Credit requirements (at a minimum) in:

    • English Language Arts

    • Mathematics

    • Science

    • Social Studies

  • Develop guidelines for applications for “specialty schools”


District obligations

District Obligations

  • Opportunities in place by 2007-08 school year to meet all graduation requirements

  • If not, proposal for phase-in plan

  • Educational Development Plan for 7th graders to be completed by time student enters high school


District obligations cont d

District Obligations,cont’d.

  • Graduation credit areas taught by “highly qualified” (NCLB) teachers

  • Notice to parents of students failing or in danger of dropping out

  • Basic technology and internet access in place to support on-line requirement


Find information on web

Find Information on Web

Michigan.gov/highschool (with link to HSCE site)

http://www.michigan.gov/highschool

Michigan.gov/hsce

http://www.michigan.gov/hsce

Michigan.gov/oeaa (MME/ACT information)

http://michigan.gov/oeaa

Michigan.gov/mathematics (mathematics resources)

http://www.michigan.gov/mathematics

ACT.org (policy makers) On Course for Success

http://www.act.org/path/policy/pdf/success_report.pdf

ACT.org (policy makers) Reading Between the Lines

http://www.act.org/path/policy/reports/reading.html

ACT.org (College Readiness Standards)

http://www.act.org/standard/index.html


Mde contact information

MDE Contact Information

Jeremy M. Hughes, Ph.D.

Deputy Superintendent/Chief Academic Officer

[email protected]

Dr. Yvonne Caamal Canul, Director

Office of School Improvement

[email protected]

Betty Underwood, Assistant Director

Office of School Improvement

[email protected]

Deborah Clemmons, Supervisor

Office of School Improvement

[email protected]


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