Gilded age politics
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Gilded Age Politics. 1870 - 1900. A Two Party Stalemate. Few economic differences between Democrats and Republicans. Well-Defined Voting Blocs. Democrats. Republicans. Northern Protestants Anti-Immigration Nativists Middle-Class. White Southerners Catholics Recent Immigrants Urban

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Gilded Age Politics

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Gilded age politics

Gilded Age Politics

1870 - 1900


A two party stalemate

A Two Party Stalemate


Few economic differences between democrats and republicans

Few economic differences between Democrats and Republicans


Well defined voting blocs

Well-Defined Voting Blocs

Democrats

Republicans

Northern

Protestants

Anti-Immigration

Nativists

Middle-Class

  • White Southerners

  • Catholics

  • Recent Immigrants

  • Urban

  • Pro-Labor

  • Farmers


This caused high voter turnout and partisan voting

This caused high voter turnout and partisan voting!


Laissez faire federal government 1870 1900

Laissez-faire Federal Government 1870 - 1900

  • Accomplished little domestically

  • Main duties of the Federal Government

    • Delivered Mail

    • Maintained Military

    • Collected Taxes and Tariffs

    • Conducted Foreign Policy

    • Administered Civil War Veteran’s Pension


Issues

Issues

  • Monetary Policy

  • Regulation of Big Business

  • Tariff Policy

  • Railroad Regulations

  • Labor Regulations

  • Women’s Suffrage

  • Farm Problems

  • Civil Service Reform

  • American Imperialism


Presidency as symbolic office

Presidency as Symbolic Office

  • Party bosses ruled!

  • President

    • should avoid offending factions within their own party.

    • Doled out federal jobs.

“The President should merely obey and enforce the law.”

–Senator John Sherman of Ohio


Gilded age politics

How was it that leaders who failed to address the ‘real issues’ of the day presided over the most highly organized and politically active electorate in American history?


No chief executive between lincoln and t roosevelt could be described as a strong president

No chief executive between Lincoln and T. Roosevelt could be described as a strong president!


Gilded age politics

1865- 53,000 people worked for the federal government1890 – 166,000 people worked for the federal government


1876 election one of the most disputed and controversial elections in us history

1876 Election- one of the most disputed and controversial elections in US History


Hayes prevails

Hayes Prevails


Sammy tilden boo hoo ruthy hayes s got my presidency and he won t give it to me

Sammy Tilden—Boo-Hoo! Ruthy Hayes’s got my Presidency, and he won’t give it to me!


Rutherford b hayes r 1877 1881

Rutherford B. Hayes (R)1877 - 1881

  • “Compromise of 1877” -end of Reconstruction

  • “Party of Morality”

  • Limited Vision of Government’s Role

  • Great RR Strike of 1877

  • 1878 --> Bland-Allison Act


Lemonade lucy

Lemonade Lucy


Split within the republican party

Split within the Republican Party

Stalwarts

Half-Breeds

Sen. James Blaine (Maine)

Support for Civil Service Reform

  • Sen. Roscoe Conkling (New York)

  • Wanted Grant for 3rd Term

  • Favored Machine Politics/ Spoils System


James a garfield r 1881

James A. Garfield (R) 1881

  • compromise candidate

  • assassinated


Chester a arthur r 1881 1884

Chester A. Arthur (R) 1881 - 1884

  • 1882 --> Tariff Commission

  • 1883 --> Pendleton Act (Civil Reform)


Grover cleveland d 1885 1888

Grover Cleveland (D)1885 - 1888

  • “Ma, Ma, where’s my Pa? Gone to the White House, ha, ha, ha!”

  • laissez-faire Democrat

  • attacked tariffs

  • 1886 --> Haymarket Riot

  • 1887 --> Interstate Commerce Act

MUGWUMPS


Election of 1888

Election of 1888

  • Tariffs major issue of election


Benjamin harrison r 1889 1892

Benjamin Harrison (R)1889 - 1892

  • 1889 --> Farmers Alliance

  • curbs on big business (1890):

    • 1. Sherman Anti-Trust Act

    • 2. McKinley Tariff Act

    • 3. Sherman Silver Purchase Act

  • 1892 --> Homestead Strike

TARIFFS


Billion dollar congress

Billion Dollar Congress


Grover cleveland d 1893 1896

Grover Cleveland (D)1893 - 1896

  • Panic of 1893

    • [BIG depression!]

  • 1894 --> Pullman Strike

  • 1894 --> Wilson-Gorman Tariff

  • 1895 --> E. C. Knight Co. v. US

POPULISM


William mckinley r 1887 1901

William McKinley (R)1887 - 1901

BIMETTALISM

  • 1898 --> Spanish-American War

  • 1899 --> Gold Standard Act

  • 1899 --> Open Door Policy

  • 1900 --> Boxer Rebellion in China

  • 1901 --> assassinated


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