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Gilded Age Politics. 1870 - 1900. A Two Party Stalemate. Few economic differences between Democrats and Republicans. Well-Defined Voting Blocs. Democrats . Republicans. Northern Protestants Anti-Immigration Nativists Middle-Class. White Southerners Catholics Recent Immigrants Urban

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Gilded age politics

Gilded Age Politics

1870 - 1900




Well defined voting blocs
Well-Defined Voting Blocs

Democrats

Republicans

Northern

Protestants

Anti-Immigration

Nativists

Middle-Class

  • White Southerners

  • Catholics

  • Recent Immigrants

  • Urban

  • Pro-Labor

  • Farmers



Laissez faire federal government 1870 1900
Laissez-faire Federal Government 1870 - 1900

  • Accomplished little domestically

  • Main duties of the Federal Government

    • Delivered Mail

    • Maintained Military

    • Collected Taxes and Tariffs

    • Conducted Foreign Policy

    • Administered Civil War Veteran’s Pension


Issues
Issues

  • Monetary Policy

  • Regulation of Big Business

  • Tariff Policy

  • Railroad Regulations

  • Labor Regulations

  • Women’s Suffrage

  • Farm Problems

  • Civil Service Reform

  • American Imperialism


Presidency as symbolic office
Presidency as Symbolic Office

  • Party bosses ruled!

  • President

    • should avoid offending factions within their own party.

    • Doled out federal jobs.

“The President should merely obey and enforce the law.”

–Senator John Sherman of Ohio


How was it that leaders who failed to address the ‘real issues’ of the day presided over the most highly organized and politically active electorate in American history?


No chief executive between lincoln and t roosevelt could be described as a strong president
No chief executive between Lincoln and issues’ of the day presided over the most highly organized and politically active electorate in American history?T. Roosevelt could be described as a strong president!


1865- 53,000 people worked for the issues’ of the day presided over the most highly organized and politically active electorate in American history?federal government1890 – 166,000 people worked for the federal government



Hayes prevails
Hayes Prevails elections in US History


Sammy tilden boo hoo ruthy hayes s got my presidency and he won t give it to me
Sammy Tilden elections in US History—Boo-Hoo! Ruthy Hayes’s got my Presidency, and he won’t give it to me!


Rutherford b hayes r 1877 1881
Rutherford B. Hayes (R) elections in US History1877 - 1881

  • “Compromise of 1877” -end of Reconstruction

  • “Party of Morality”

  • Limited Vision of Government’s Role

  • Great RR Strike of 1877

  • 1878 --> Bland-Allison Act


Lemonade lucy
Lemonade Lucy elections in US History


Split within the republican party
Split within the Republican Party elections in US History

Stalwarts

Half-Breeds

Sen. James Blaine (Maine)

Support for Civil Service Reform

  • Sen. Roscoe Conkling (New York)

  • Wanted Grant for 3rd Term

  • Favored Machine Politics/ Spoils System


James a garfield r 1881
James A. Garfield (R) 1881 elections in US History

  • compromise candidate

  • assassinated


Chester a arthur r 1881 1884
Chester A. Arthur (R) elections in US History1881 - 1884

  • 1882 --> Tariff Commission

  • 1883 --> Pendleton Act (Civil Reform)


Grover cleveland d 1885 1888
Grover Cleveland (D) elections in US History1885 - 1888

  • “Ma, Ma, where’s my Pa? Gone to the White House, ha, ha, ha!”

  • laissez-faire Democrat

  • attacked tariffs

  • 1886 --> Haymarket Riot

  • 1887 --> Interstate Commerce Act

MUGWUMPS


Election of 1888
Election of 1888 elections in US History

  • Tariffs major issue of election


Benjamin harrison r 1889 1892
Benjamin Harrison (R) elections in US History1889 - 1892

  • 1889 --> Farmers Alliance

  • curbs on big business (1890):

    • 1. Sherman Anti-Trust Act

    • 2. McKinley Tariff Act

    • 3. Sherman Silver Purchase Act

  • 1892 --> Homestead Strike

TARIFFS


Billion dollar congress
Billion Dollar Congress elections in US History


Grover cleveland d 1893 1896
Grover Cleveland (D) elections in US History1893 - 1896

  • Panic of 1893

    • [BIG depression!]

  • 1894 --> Pullman Strike

  • 1894 --> Wilson-Gorman Tariff

  • 1895 --> E. C. Knight Co. v. US

POPULISM


William mckinley r 1887 1901
William McKinley (R) elections in US History1887 - 1901

BIMETTALISM

  • 1898 --> Spanish-American War

  • 1899 --> Gold Standard Act

  • 1899 --> Open Door Policy

  • 1900 --> Boxer Rebellion in China

  • 1901 --> assassinated


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