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US History II.6 Changes in the Early Twentieth Century. Lisa Pennington Social Studies Instructional Specialist Portsmouth Public Schools. Vocabulary. Mass production : manufacture by machinery of large quantities of goods.

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Us history ii 6 changes in the early twentieth century

US History II.6Changes in the Early Twentieth Century

Lisa Pennington

Social Studies Instructional Specialist

Portsmouth Public Schools


Vocabulary
Vocabulary

  • Mass production: manufacture by machinery of large quantities of goods.

  • Moving assembly line: method of mass production used by Henry Ford in which each worker or team performed one task as the product moved past them.

  • Tourism: traveling to different places for business or pleasure.


Technology
Technology

http://images.encarta.msn.com/xrefmedia/sharemed/targets/

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/82/Seats

  • Technology extended progress into all areas of American life, including neglected rural areas.


Results of improved transportation brought by affordable automobiles
Results of improved transportation brought by affordable automobiles

  • Greater mobility

  • Creation of jobs

  • Growth of transportation-related industries (road construction, oil, steel, automobile)

  • Movement to suburban areas


Invention of the airplane
Invention of the Airplane automobiles

  • The Wright Brothers: First flight in 1903 in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina

http://www.loc.gov/loc/lcib/0606/images/letter_2.jpg


Use of the assembly line
Use of the Assembly Line automobiles

  • Henry Ford: manufactured the first mass produced Model T in 1908

  • Rise of mechanization

http://cache.viewimages.com/xc/2672519.jpg?v=1&c=ViewImages&k=2&d=0A260859576A0997A1B08850E0982924A55A1E4F32AD3138


Communication changes
Communication Changes automobiles

  • Increased availability of telephones

http://images.encarta.msn.com/xrefmedia/sharemed/targets/images/pho/00012/00012D34.jpg


Communication changes1
Communication Changes automobiles

  • Development of the radio (role of Guglielmo Marconi) and broadcast industry (role of David Sarnoff)

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b

David Sarnoff and Guglielmo Marconi

http://cache.viewimages.com/xc/3230332.


Communication changes2
Communication Changes automobiles

  • Development of the movies

http://www.pictureshowman.com/images/GTR_Edison_poster.gif


Ways electrification changed american life
Ways electrification changed American life automobiles

  • Labor-saving products (i.e., washing machines, electric stoves, water pumps)

http://www.turningsixty.com.au/tsblog/images/washmachine2_sml.jpg

http://www.referenceforbusiness.com/businesses/images/lab_0001_0002_0_img0095.jpg


Ways electrification changed american life1
Ways electrification changed American life automobiles

  • Electric lighting

http://www.maerlant.be/cesiexhibit/exhibition/images/small/002.jpg

First electric traffic light

http://www.nps.gov/archive/edis/edifun/edifun_4andup/top_three_files/14610010.jpg


Ways electrification changed american life2
Ways electrification changed American life automobiles

Marconi’s radio tower

http://cache.viewimages.com/xc/3242636.jpg?v=1&c=ViewImages&k=2&d=

  • Entertainment (i.e., radio)

Marconi

http://www.infoage.org/crr-fig3.jpg


Ways electrification changed american life3
Ways electrification changed American life automobiles

  • Improved communications

http://images.encarta.msn.com/xrefmedia/sharemed/targets/images/pho/t025/T025165A.jpg


Vocabulary1
Vocabulary automobiles

  • Temperance Movement: desire to restrict the use of alcoholic beverages.

  • 21st Amendment: repealed Prohibition in 1933.

  • Speakeasies: secret places where liquor was consumed.

  • Bootlegger: people who illegally smuggled alcohol.


Vocabulary2
Vocabulary automobiles

  • Fundamentalist Movement: caused by mass movement of people from rural areas to cities in the early 20th century; Protestant religious movement concerned with morals and religion.

  • 18th Amendment: passed in 1919 that prohibited the manufacture, transportation, sale, and consumption of alcoholic beverages.

  • Volstead Act: law passed in 1919 to enforce Prohibition.

  • Prohibition: era prohibiting the manufacture, transportation, sale, and consumption of alcoholic beverages.


Twentieth century reforms
Twentieth Century Reforms automobiles

  • Reforms in the early twentieth century could not legislate how people behaved.

  • Prohibition was imposed by a constitutional amendment that made it illegal to manufacture, transport, and sell alcoholic beverages.


Results of prohibition
Results of Prohibition automobiles

  • Speakeasies were created as places for people to drink alcoholic beverages.

The Stork Club (a famous speakeasy in New York)

http://faculty.headroyce.org/~us_history/aguardado/speakeasie.jpg


Results of prohibition1
Results of Prohibition automobiles

  • Bootleggers smuggled illegal alcohol and promoted organized crime.

  • Prohibition was repealed by the 21st Amendment.

http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://

Alcohol seized by officers in a bootlegging raid in Camden, New Jersey in 1920.


Why did the united states create prohibition laws
Why did the United States create Prohibition laws? automobiles

  • Part of post WWI isolationist feelings and negativity toward immigrants and associated habits

  • Temperance Movement of 1840’s and Progressive Era

  • Fundamentalist religious and moral concerns


Great migration north
Great Migration North automobiles

http://www.solpass.org/7ss/Images/greatmigration.jpg

  • Economic conditions and violence led to the migration of people.

  • Jobs for African Americans in the South were scarce and low paying.

  • African Americans faced discrimination and violence in the South.


Great migration north1
Great Migration North automobiles

  • African Americans moved to cities in the North and Midwest in search of better employment opportunities.

  • African Americans also faced discrimination and violence in the North and Midwest.

http://americanhistory.si.edu/Brown/history/1-segregated/images/kkk-parade.jpg

Demonstrating their political power, Klansmen triumphantly parade down Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.C., on September 13, 1926, in full regalia. (Courtesy of Library of Congress)


Vocabulary3
Vocabulary automobiles

  • Jazz Age: slang term for the 1920’s because of the popular form of music.

  • Lost Generation: disillusionment about Progressive ideals that were shattered during WWI; the term is also used to refer to the generation that came of age during the war.


Cultural changes
Cultural Changes automobiles

  • The 1920’s and 1930’s were important decades for American art, literature, and music.

  • The leaders of the Harlem Renaissance drew upon the heritage of black culture to establish themselves as powerful forces of cultural change.


Cultural climate of the 1920 s and 1930 s art
Cultural climate of the 1920’s and 1930’s: Art automobiles

http://faculty.pittstate.edu/~knichols/arttours2.html

http://faculty.pittstate.edu/~knichols/arttours2.html#okeefe

  • Georgia O’Keeffe, an artist known for urban scenes and, later, paintings of the Southwest

Black and Purple Petunias, 1925

Black Mesa Landscape-New Mexico, 1930


Cultural climate of the 1920 s and 1930 s literature
Cultural climate of the 1920’s and 1930’s: Literature automobiles

  • F. Scott Fitzgerald: a novelist who wrote about the Jazz Age of the 1920’s (The Great Gatsby)

  • John Steinbeck: a novelist who portrayed the strength of poor migrant workers during the 1930’s (The Grapes of Wrath)

http://www.malaspina.com/jpg/fitzgeraldf.jpg

http://cache.viewimages.com/xc/2695563.jpg?v=1&c=ViewImages&


Cultural climate of the 1920 s and 1930 s music
Cultural climate of the 1920’s and 1930’s: Music automobiles

  • Aaron Copeland and George Gershwin: composers who wrote uniquely American music.

http://cache.viewimages.com/xc/2870633.jpg

http://cache.viewimages.com/xc/3225053.jpg


Harlem renaissance
Harlem Renaissance automobiles

  • African American artists, writers, and musicians based in Harlem revealed the freshness and variety of African American culture.

http://imagecache2.allposters.com/images/pic/KNO/7100P~The-Harlem-Renaissance-Posters.jpg


Harlem renaissance art
Harlem Renaissance: Art automobiles

  • Jacob Lawrence: painter who chronicled the experiences of the Great Migration North through art.

http://www.jacobandgwenlawrence.org/artandlife04.html

The Migration of the Negro No.1


Harlem renaissance literature
Harlem Renaissance: Literature automobiles

http://artsedge.kennedy-center.org/exploring/harlem/images/themes/hughes_typing_full.jpg

  • Langston Hughes: poet who combined the experiences of African and American cultural roots.

I, Too, Sing AmericaI, too, sing America.

I am the darker brother. They send me to eat in the kitchen When company comes, But I laugh, And eat well, And grow strong.

Tomorrow, I'll be at the table When company comes. Nobody'll dare Say to me, "Eat in the kitchen," Then.

Besides, They'll see how beautiful I am And be ashamed--

I, too, am America.

Dreams Hold fast to dreams For if dreams die Life is a broken-winged bird That cannot fly.

Hold fast to dreams For when dreams go Life is a barren field Frozen with snow.


Harlem renaissance music
Harlem Renaissance: Music automobiles

http://www.music.appstate.edu/images/duke_ellington_02.jpg

http://cache.eb.com/eb/image?id=5890&rendTypeId=4

  • Duke Ellington and Louis Armstrong: jazz composers.


Harlem renaissance music1
Harlem Renaissance: Music automobiles

  • Bessie Smith: blues singer

http://www.soundsgood.ca/images/bessiesmith_b.jpg


Harlem renaissance1
Harlem Renaissance automobiles

  • The popularity of these artists spread to the rest of society.

The Cotton Club was a famous club in

New York where many Harlem Renaissance

artists played. African Americans could

perform at the Cotton Club, but they were

denied admission to dine or enjoy the

shows.


Vocabulary4
Vocabulary automobiles

  • Depression: State of the economic cycle characterized by low economic activity and rising unemployment.

  • Tariff: tax on imports into the U.S.

  • Welfare state: the government assumes a greater responsibility for the well being of people.

  • Deficit spending: economic policy that encourages government to spend more than it takes in.


The great depression
The Great Depression automobiles

  • The optimism of the 1920’s concealed problems in the American economic system and attitudes about the role of government in controlling the economy.

  • The Great Depression had a widespread and severe impact on American life.

  • What is a depression?

  • (stage of the economic cycle characterized by low economic activity and rising unemployment)


Causes of the great depression
Causes of the Great Depression automobiles

  • People over speculated on stocks, using borrowed money they could not repay when stock prices crashed.

http://cache.eb.com/eb/image?id=79518&rendTypeId=4

A street scene on October 24, 1929, the day the

stock market crashed.


Causes of the great depression1
Causes of the Great Depression automobiles

  • The Federal Reserve failed to prevent the collapse of the banking system.

  • What is the Federal Reserve System?

  • It was created by the Federal Reserve Act of 1913; it had 12 Federal Reserve Districts which were supervised by the Federal Reserve Board in Washington, D.C. It was not controlled by the federal government. All national banks belonged and state banks that met requirements could join.

http://chnm.gmu.edu/acpstah/unitdocs/unit8/lesson3/nybank.jpg


Causes of the great depression2
Causes of the Great Depression automobiles

  • High tariffs strangled international trade.

http://www.shambhala.org/business/goldocean/deptrade.gif


Impact on americans
Impact on Americans automobiles

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http://womenincongress.house.gov/images/essays/ess

  • A large number of banks and businesses failed.

  • One-fourth of workers were jobless.


Impact on americans1
Impact on Americans automobiles

  • Large numbers of people were hungry and homeless.

  • Farmers’ incomes fell to low levels.

http://www.old-picture.com/scenes-rural-america/000/pictures/Depression-Great-Woman.jpg

http://cache.eb.com/eb/image?id=95714&rendTypeId=4


The new deal
The New Deal automobiles

  • The New Deal was the name for President Franklin Roosevelt’s program to deal with the Great Depression. It provided relief to help Americans, recovery to help the economy, and reform to prevent another depression.

  • The New Deal used government programs to help the nation recover from the Depression.

http://www.visitingdc.com/images/franklin-roosevelt-picture.jpg


What is the artist of this automobiles

political cartoon trying to

say?


Major features of the new deal
Major features of the New Deal automobiles

  • Social Security

  • Federal work programs

http://www.irs.gov/app/understandingTaxes/artspec/IWT02L04ol01P.gif

http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/new_deal_for_the_arts/images/work_pays_f


Major features of the new deal1
Major features of the New Deal automobiles

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http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/images/1202.jpg

  • Environmental improvement programs

  • Farm assistance programs

  • Increased rights for labor


What were some of the acts programs put into effect by the new deal
What were some of the acts/programs put into effect by the New Deal?

  • Federal Emergency Relief Administration

  • Tennessee Valley Authority

  • Rural Electrification Administration

  • Agricultural Adjustment Act

  • Civil Works Authority

  • Civilian Conservation Corps

  • Works Progress Administration


What were some of the acts programs put into effect by the new deal1
What were some of the acts/programs put into effect by the New Deal?

  • Commodity Credit Corporation

  • National Industrial Recovery Act

  • Wagner Labor Relations Act

  • Congress of Industrial Organizations


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