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SESSION THREE: Brave New World. Questioning Anglo-Saxon model. Dominant, deregulated FINANCIAL MARKETS: Key promise securitisation – reduced risk - proved false Economy actually MORE vulnerable to financial disruption . Questioning Anglo-Saxon model.

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questioning anglo saxon model
Questioning Anglo-Saxon model
  • Dominant, deregulated FINANCIAL MARKETS:
  • Key promise securitisation –
  • reduced risk - proved false
  • Economy actually MORE
  • vulnerable to financial disruption
questioning anglo saxon model1
Questioning Anglo-Saxon model
  • Debt-driven CONSUMER SPENDING as primary engine of growth:
  • Since WWII, US shifted from
  • production to consumption
  • More profitable to finance goods
  • than produce them
questioning anglo saxon model2
Questioning Anglo-Saxon model
  • The investment gap:
  • Focus on present / consumption rather
  • than future / investment
  • Private sector spends less on
  • research & investment than
  • economically ideal
  • After Great Depression, state investment
  • provided crucial growth boost via:
  • - GI Bill
  • - Interstate System
  • - Defence Department
the future of capitalism
The future of capitalism

Owners of capital will stimulate the working class to buy more and more expensive goods, houses and technology, pushing them to take more and more expensive credits, until debt becomes unbearable.The unpaid debt will lead to the bankruptcy of banks, which will have to be nationalized, and the State will have to take the road which will eventually lead to Communism.Karl Marx, 1867

“The rich need a dose of capitalism. Capitalism punishes those who invest in companies that fail.”

– The Guardian, 24 March 2009

economic lesson from norway
Economic lesson from Norway

“As a socialist, I have always said that the market can’t regulate itself. But even I was surprised how strong the failure was.”

- Kristin Halvorsen, finance minister, Norway

new role for government
New role for government

OBAMA: overhaul Washington’s approach to education, health care, science and infrastructure all in effort to “lay new foundation for growth”

new role for government1
New role for government
  • GREATER ROLE GOVERNMENT:
    • - more palatable since global crisis
    • government still able raise capital at
    • reasonable rates
  • GOVERNMENT CAN STIMULATE or TRANSFORM an economy
    • - Obama stimulus package attempts both (SA too):
    • - jump start job creation
    • - down payment on solving bigger problems
    • (education, health, energy, science & infrastructure)
  • Two goals often conflicting (at least short-term)
new growth sector energy
New growth sector: energy

Oil consumption since 1980:

new growth sector education
New growth sector: education

- Goldin & Katz: The face between education and technology

- 20th century:US century because investment in education

- Education increases economic pie and distributes more equitably

new state role formidable agenda
New state role: formidable agenda
  • OBAMA:- attempt resolve financial crisis & recession
  • - face fierce opposition as tries restructure economy
  • FDR: - Social Security, Interstate System & GI Bill
      • lay foundation for sustained period of robust grow
sa developmental state
SA developmental state

The role of the developmental state is “sharing risk, co-financing investment and jointly engaging with the banking sector in constructing a vibrant growing economy”.

us labour market reflects change
US labour market reflects change

“These jobs aren’t coming back … Firms are making strategic decisions that they don’t want to be in their businesses.”

– John E Silvia, chief economist, Wachovia

us labour market reflects change1
US labour market reflects change
  • SEVERE JOB LOSSES:NEW JOB OPPORTUNITIES:
  • auto manufacturers - education and health
  • financial services - environment and energy
  • retailers - government and public service
  • manufacturers - science and technology
brave new world growth sectors
Brave new world: growth sectors

UNDERPEFORMERS

GROWTH SECTORS

- Basic consumer goods

- Alternative energy: related technology and manufacturing

- Infrastructure and related industries

- Retailers: luxury goods

- Auto manufacturers

- Financial services

- Manufacturers: consumer goods

- Residential construction and related industries

china a global green leader
CHINA: a global green leader

“Save energy, cut emissions”

- Energy efficiency

- Reduce pollution

- Tackle global warming

china the emerging superpower
CHINA: the emerging superpower
  • - China more assertive on world stage
  • Using dollar reserves to secure
  • resources
  • Pressuring for reform of IMF
  • and World Bank
green the future growth sector
GREEN: the future growth sector
  • FUTURE GREEN ISSUES:
  • Energy technology, the next
  • revolution
  • - Natural capital
  • - Sustainable development
green energy technology
GREEN: energy technology

MASDAR CITY:

World’s first zero waste,

zero emissions city

green concept of natural capital
GREEN: concept of natural capital

“Until we learn to pay a realistic price for all the benefits and services we derive from nature, we will never get ourselves on to a truly sustainable path.”

green sustainable development
GREEN: sustainable development
  • KEY ISSUES:
  • Biodiversity
  • Water
  • Energy
  • Food
  • Pollution
  • Climate change
slide26

“I don’t care whether you’re driving a hybrid or an SUV. If you’re headed for a cliff, you have to change direction. That’s what the American people called for in November, and that’s what we intend to deliver.”

- Barack Obama

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