Bedside clinical teaching for medical students at unc
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Bedside clinical teaching for medical students at UNC. Peadar G Noone, MD FCCP FRCPI UNC Chapel Hill. AOE UNC Chapel Hill. Background.

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Bedside clinical teaching for medical students at unc

Bedside clinical teaching for medical students at UNC

Peadar G Noone, MD FCCP FRCPI

UNC Chapel Hill.

AOE UNC Chapel Hill


Bedside clinical teaching for medical students at unc

Background

  • For generations, clinical bedside teaching was the basis of medical school education (think of the weighed down white coat – hammers, ophthalmoscopes, tuning forks etc)

  • Started with the clinico-pathologic correlation science in the late 19th century (the Oslerianschool)

  • UK / Irish medical school teaching (the “colonial” system) still heavily bedside focused

  • Less so in the US: recent publications lament this decline (though not everyone in agreement).


Bedside clinical teaching for medical students at unc

Outstanding clinical teachers in history:

  • Cheyne

  • Graves

  • Stokes

  • Corrigan

  • Adams

  • Wilde

  • Osler

  • Verghese (Stanford)


Bedside clinical teaching for medical students at unc

  • Noone background:

  • Traditional medical school, 3 basic science years, 3 years of clinical training, heavily bedside focused

  • Intern: small community hospital with very charismatic clinician teacher at the helm

  • Every ward round was a teaching round, every clinical point, sign and laboratory value squeezed dry

  • Post graduate examination in British Isles (MRCPI/MRCP) still involves several bedside components with real patients and patient data

  • 2010: Invited back as extern examiner for the “Final Med” exams at RCSI Dublin


Bedside clinical teaching for medical students at unc

Bare below the elbow, no tie, jewelry


Bedside clinical teaching for medical students at unc

Today:

  • Abraham Verghese–NEJM article “Culture shock – patient as icon, icon as patient”*

  • Spoke about the “tension” between traditional approaches (the body as a text) versus the care of the “iPatient” (in the “bunker”)

  • http://stanfordmedicine25.stanford.edu/

  • Whose fault – us as teachers?

    • Time, expectations, the encroachment of more exciting technologies, computerized records

    • Do our students want anything different?

      *NEJM 2008; 359: 2748-2751


Bedside clinical teaching for medical students at unc

Lets get back to

basics at UNC:

Inspect

Palpate

Percuss

Auscultate

Cerebrate


Bedside clinical teaching for medical students at unc

A pilot study of rotating bedside clinical tutorialsfor medical students at UNC

  • Hypothesis: That med students want bedside clinical teaching, and that data will support that

  • Aims:

    • To study the feasibility of rotating clinical tutorials for clinical students

    • To gather data to assess the benefits of focused teaching in the context of modern medical education


Bedside clinical teaching for medical students at unc

Preliminary data:

  • Feedback over many years of clinical teaching on rounds, enthusiastic generally, perhaps there is indeed a “hunger” for this type of approach

  • There is a literature supporting this from formal studies

  • e.g. NEJM: Images in clinical medicine etc


Bedside clinical teaching for medical students at unc

Objectives: To teach

  • History taking skills

  • Clinical exam

  • Presentation skills

  • Clinical reasoning

  • Professionalism

  • Spin off benefits: Attending learn more about patients problems

  • Patient benefits of learning about their disease


Bedside clinical teaching for medical students at unc

Methods:

  • Advertised via student forums, flyer and direct conversations with students on the wards

  • E-mail communication usually with first-come-first-served sign up

  • Once every two to three weeks.

  • Strictly bedside, appropriate patient selection important

  • One to two hours depending.

  • Questionnaire formulated (based on the literature and my instincts)


Bedside clinical teaching for medical students at unc

Results:

  • Anonymous

  • n=11 sessions

  • N=31 students

  • Stretched over several months

  • Data analyzed with help of UNC student on work experience (Melissa House).

  • Data qualitative, showing simple outcomes of various measures the students were asked to score


Bedside clinical teaching for medical students at unc

Conclusions:

  • Generally the tutorials were well received

  • Scored pretty well on most measures

  • Consistent with what is in the popular press and formal medical literature

  • Did not ask for feedback from patients

  • Did not follow up long term


Bedside clinical teaching for medical students at unc

Limitations:

  • Time consuming: Students, teacher time(afternoon formal teaching, MPH, research, organization and communication)

  • Student understanding of the principles (bedside? – you mean in the room all that time?; how are we supposed to do this? Are we just to turn up?)

  • Patientavailability and quiet time (its hard to get an hour+ in a room undisturbed)

  • Other (vasovagal episodes in two students not used to spending that much time on their feet in the room)


Bedside clinical teaching for medical students at unc

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS:

  • The Academy of Educator Grant Mechanism

  • Melissa House work study student

  • UNC Med students

  • The willing patients


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