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Towards a Joint EU-AU Strategy. Nordic Africa Days (NAI) Uppsala 26 April 2007 Geert Laporte ECDPM. Structure of presentation. Context: Revival of EU-Africa dialogue Why a joint EU-Africa Strategy? Shared vision & Key Thematic areas Diverging perspectives Opportunities & Risks

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Towards a joint eu au strategy
Towards a Joint EU-AU Strategy

Nordic Africa Days (NAI)

Uppsala 26 April 2007

Geert Laporte

ECDPM


Structure of presentation
Structure of presentation

  • Context: Revival of EU-Africa dialogue

  • Why a joint EU-Africa Strategy?

  • Shared vision & Key Thematic areas

  • Diverging perspectives

  • Opportunities & Risks

  • Process of Joint Strategy

  • Conclusions


Revival of eu africa dialogue
Revival of EU-Africa Dialogue

  • Cairo Summit (2000) with OAU

  • Emergence of AU as political interlocutor

  • Brussels/ Addis dialogue: AUC-EC Dialogue

  • More regular EP-PAP exchanges

  • ….Lisbon Summit 2007?


Fragmented framework of au eu relations
Fragmented framework of AU-EU relations

  • 3 EU-Africa Agreements

    • Cotonou Partnership – ACP Group

    • TDCA – South Africa

    • Euro-Mediterranean Partnership- European Neighbourhood Policy

  • EC funding mechanisms + mgt structure

    • National, regional & continental level

  • EU Member States policies on Africa


Why a joint eu africa strategy
Why a joint EU-Africa Strategy?

  • Adapt to new world context since 9/11 (security, migration, environment,…)

  • Deepening of democratisation and integration in Africa and EU

  • Emergence of Pan-African institutions

  • New players with strong interest in Africa (China, India, Arab World, Latin-America…)

  • Strengthening political dialogue

  • Need to make ‘joint’ strategy after ‘unilateral’ EU Strategy for Africa


Shared vision
Shared Vision

  • Historic links and neigbourhood

  • Redefining common interests in changing context

  • Political partnership beyond aid requiring different dialogue and institutional mechanisms

  • Mutual accountability

  • Promote and cooperate in effective multilateral system


Peace and security
Peace and Security

  • Sustained holistic approaches (crisis mgt, LT peace building, conflict prevention, governance,..)

  • Support to African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA- Peace Facility)

  • Capacity building in Africa to prevent and resolve conflicts


Governance democracy and human rights
Governance, democracy and human rights

  • Support AU Governance Agenda/ African grown initiatives (e.g APRM)

  • Discuss issues of economic governance- return of illegally aquired assets

  • Mutual accountability instead of double standards

  • Enforcement of mutual commitments


Trade and regional integration
Trade and regional integration

  • Trade = development oriented

  • Fully integrated pan-African market

  • Ensuring coherence between joint strategy and trade agreements (EPAs)?


Key development issues
Key development issues

  • Health & Education for all

  • Migration

  • Debt cancellation

  • Sustainable development

  • Agriculture

  • Environment & climate change

  • Industrialisation, S&T

  • Cultural goods etc…


Diverging perspectives africa europe policies
Diverging perspectives Africa-Europe (policies)

  • Trade/EPAs coherent with panafrican integration?

  • Different ambitions: traditional economic development versus industrialisation, S&T, KM?

  • Migration-security-brain drain?

  • Addressing debt in strategy?

  • Pan-african enveloppe beyond EDF10?

  • Return cultural goods


Diverging perspectives africa europe process
Diverging Perspectives Africa-Europe (process)

  • Radical shift in partnership culture

  • Real and effective joint dialogue, monitoring & implementation

  • Joint dialogue on types of funding & management of resources

  • Mutual accountability


Opportunities
Opportunities

  • Openness to dialogue on all sensitive issues on equal footing

  • More balanced partnership because of strengthened bargaining power of Africa

  • New and stronger African institutions

  • Involvement civil society


Risks
Risks

  • EU ‘Business as usual’?

  • Will EU treat Africa as one?

  • Coherence with existing partnership frameworks?

  • Reluctance EU member states?

  • Will strategy reach grassroots?


Process of joint strategy
Process of Joint Strategy

  • Institutional dialogue at Troika Commissions and Experts levels

  • Broad based public consultation process via internet and consultative meetings

  • http://europafrica.org, http://europafrique.org

  • ECDPM mandated by AU and EU to facilitate both processes


Next steps in the process
Next steps in the Process

  • Drafting Outline by Experts Group (26-28 April)

  • Ministerial Troika (15 May) to decide on outline

  • Drafting Strategy & further consultation

  • Lisbon Summit (December 2007)


Conclusions
Conclusions

  • First time that attempt is made for genuine and joint and inclusive process

  • Openness in pointing out issues of consensus and divergence

  • Will Joint Strategy fundamentally change EU-Africa relations beyond aid ?

  • Ensure delivery of commitments and put emphasis on monitoring and implementation mechanisms!


Thank you for your attention…

Geert Laporte

[email protected]

For more information on

ECDPM’s work on ACP-EU and AU-EU relations:

www.ecdpm.org


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