THE CIVIL WAR
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THE CIVIL WAR. THE CIVIL WAR. INCREASING PROBLEMS. Economic situation worsens. War Communism failing. forced grain requisitioning. anti- Kulak campaign. General chaos & lawlessness. THE CIVIL WAR. ANTI-BOLSHEVIKS. WHITES. Very diverse: only united in anti-Bolshevism .

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THE CIVIL WAR

INCREASING PROBLEMS

  • Economic situation worsens

  • War Communism failing

  • forced grain requisitioning

  • anti-Kulak campaign

  • General chaos & lawlessness


THE CIVIL WAR

ANTI-BOLSHEVIKS

  • WHITES

  • Very diverse: only united in anti-Bolshevism

  • Control periphery & borderlands

“What Bolshevism brings to the people”

“Peace & Freedom in the Soviets”


THE CIVIL WAR

ANTI-BOLSHEVIKS

  • GREENS

  • Peasants who opposed both Reds & Whites

  • atrocities committed on both sides

  • Local rather than national opposition


THE CIVIL WAR

ANTI-BOLSHEVIKS

  • FOREIGN INTERVENTION

  • British, French, American, Japanese, etc. sent troops

  • Ineffective, withdrew in 1920

“Capitalists of all countries, unite!”

American troops in Vladivostok


THE CIVIL WAR

ANTI-BOLSHEVIKS

  • NON-RUSSIAN NATIONALITIES

  • Baltic states achieve independence

  • Polish-Soviet War, 1920, gives territory to Poles

  • Ukraine, Trans-Caucasus succumb to Soviet control


THE CIVIL WAR

  • RED VICTORY

  • Defeat opposition by 1921

  • But war ravaged country

  • Created siege mentality

“Soviet Russia is an armed camp”

Victims of 1921 Famine


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