What strategy do less proficient learners employ in listening comprehension: A reappraisal of bottom-up and top-down pro

What strategy do less proficient learners employ in listening comprehension: A reappraisal of bottom-up and top-down pro PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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3.3. Listening passages. Four passages were chosen from Hill(1980) : two passages for the idea unit analysis and the others for the analysis by local and global question type.Each passage was examined with the software programmed for acoustic analysis Multi-Speech, Model 3700 (KAY Elemetrics Corp.).

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What strategy do less proficient learners employ in listening comprehension: A reappraisal of bottom-up and top-down pro

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