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Bellringer Tuesday. Get a map off the table below & complete the following. Label your map with the names of the states. Shade Union states Blue Shade Confederate States Red Shade “border states” yellow. Group task…. 10 – 15 minutes. Work in groups of 3 – 4.

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bellringer tuesday
Bellringer Tuesday
  • Get a map off the table below & complete the following.
  • Label your map with the names of the states.
  • Shade Union states Blue
  • Shade Confederate States Red
  • Shade “border states” yellow.
group task 10 15 minutes
Group task…. 10 – 15 minutes
  • Work in groups of 3 – 4.
  • You will be assigned a side, North or South.
  • Using your map & knowledge, work with your group to come up with a plan/strategy to defeat your enemy.
  • Things to consider: geography, what does this region depend on to sustain their economy, what are their weaknesses/strengths
  • Obviously your goal is to win. How will you do that?—It is 1861! So, no nukes!!
the confederate strategy
The Confederate Strategy
  • A Defensive War of Attrition:
    • Goal: Force Union to spend its men & resources until they grow tired of it
    • Achieve this by: Defend the country, fight only nec. Battles; rarely attack
    • Problems with strategy: unpopular w/ Southerners who wanted to fight; resulted in sudden offensives costing lives
the union plan
The Union Plan
  • Anaconda Plan: Winfield Scott
    • Goal: slowly strangle South
    • Achieve this through:
      • Blockade of ports- hurt trade & foreign aide
      • Cut supplies, equip.,money, food, cotton
      • Control Miss. River w/ gunboats
      • Capture N. Orleans, Vicksburg, & Memphis
      • Divide E. & W. states & conquer
    • Problems: To slow
the first modern war
The First Modern War
  • Changes in weaponry
    • Rapid fire weapons– Gatling gun
    • ironclad ships
    • Subs (experimental)
    • Telegraph & aerial observations
  • Fighting techniques
  • Trenches
  • photojournalists
1 st battles 1861
1st Battles…1861
  • July 1861: 1stManasses/1st Bull Run
  • S: battle names after closest town
    • N. : nearest water (creek, river, harbor, etc)
  • Conf. victory
  • “Stonewall” Jackson gets his name & rep.
  • Rest of year “skirmishs”; nobody really “winning”; Conf. better year.
slide8
1862…
  • Union pushes South
  • March 9th, VA. Coast
    • Monitor (North) vs. Merrimack (South)
    • Conf. develop “ironclad” steamship, N. copies
    • Monitor arrives to face Merrimack; conflict a draw
    • Significance: Naval warfare changed forever- wooden ships obsolete!
battle of shiloh
Battle of Shiloh
  • Pittsburg Landing, Tenn.
  • April 6 – 7
  • Conf. : led by Gen. Johnston vs. Union. Ulysses Grant
  • Grant heading to Corinth, Miss. impt. Rr junction; stops at Pittsburg landing; Johnston’s surprise attack, Conf. push Union back to Tenn.; Grant counters
  • Signif: Union vict. (barely) high Conf. & Union losses! (over 20,000)

South gives up hope of recovering Tenn. & the North of winning fast!

naval warfare
Naval Warfare
  • Blockade- effective but not perfect
    • Blockade runners- small, fast ships used to smuggle
    • Conf. ships in foreign ports sink U.S. ships
      • The Alabama – sank 64 union merchant ships
      • The Florida- 38
    • Signif: hurt N. econ & strained U.S./British relations
naval warfare continued
Naval warfare continued
  • April 1862: Union attacks N. Orleans to control Miss. Riv.
  • Led by: David G. Farragut
  • Daring attack facing 2 Conf. forts & and 80 guns, fire-rafts, & gunboats
  • Signif: Union controls N. Orleans– key port & heads up river!
slide17
1862
  • McClellan’s Peninsula Campaign: (362)
    • Slow, cautious
    • 30 days for Yorktown
    • Major losses 7 Days
    • Goal: Richmond
    • Outcome: Lincoln orders McClellan retreat
      • McClellan replaced by Gen. Pope
slide19
1862
  • Aug.: 2nd Manassas/Bull Run
  • Lee wants to deal w/ Pope
  • Conf. Generals attack & raid him
  • Pope & “Stonewall” Jackson face off
  • Outcome:
    • Conf. victory
    • Union retreats/takes massive losses
    • Lincoln brings McClellan back
    • Clara Barton
what do you think
What do you think….
  • At this point in the war, do you think Lee should invade the North?
  • What possible advantages could it have?
  • What disadvantages?
sept 17 1862 antietam maryland
Sept. 17, 1862 Antietam, Maryland
  • *** Major turning point!!
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