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Bellringer Tuesday. Get a map off the table below & complete the following. Label your map with the names of the states. Shade Union states Blue Shade Confederate States Red Shade “border states” yellow. Group task…. 10 – 15 minutes. Work in groups of 3 – 4.

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Bellringer tuesday
Bellringer Tuesday

  • Get a map off the table below & complete the following.

  • Label your map with the names of the states.

  • Shade Union states Blue

  • Shade Confederate States Red

  • Shade “border states” yellow.


Group task 10 15 minutes
Group task…. 10 – 15 minutes

  • Work in groups of 3 – 4.

  • You will be assigned a side, North or South.

  • Using your map & knowledge, work with your group to come up with a plan/strategy to defeat your enemy.

  • Things to consider: geography, what does this region depend on to sustain their economy, what are their weaknesses/strengths

  • Obviously your goal is to win. How will you do that?—It is 1861! So, no nukes!!


The confederate strategy
The Confederate Strategy

  • A Defensive War of Attrition:

    • Goal: Force Union to spend its men & resources until they grow tired of it

    • Achieve this by: Defend the country, fight only nec. Battles; rarely attack

    • Problems with strategy: unpopular w/ Southerners who wanted to fight; resulted in sudden offensives costing lives


The union plan
The Union Plan

  • Anaconda Plan: Winfield Scott

    • Goal: slowly strangle South

    • Achieve this through:

      • Blockade of ports- hurt trade & foreign aide

      • Cut supplies, equip.,money, food, cotton

      • Control Miss. River w/ gunboats

      • Capture N. Orleans, Vicksburg, & Memphis

      • Divide E. & W. states & conquer

    • Problems: To slow


The first modern war
The First Modern War

  • Changes in weaponry

    • Rapid fire weapons– Gatling gun

    • ironclad ships

    • Subs (experimental)

    • Telegraph & aerial observations

  • Fighting techniques

  • Trenches

  • photojournalists


1 st battles 1861
1st Battles…1861

  • July 1861: 1stManasses/1st Bull Run

  • S: battle names after closest town

    • N. : nearest water (creek, river, harbor, etc)

  • Conf. victory

  • “Stonewall” Jackson gets his name & rep.

  • Rest of year “skirmishs”; nobody really “winning”; Conf. better year.


1862…

  • Union pushes South

  • March 9th, VA. Coast

    • Monitor (North) vs. Merrimack (South)

    • Conf. develop “ironclad” steamship, N. copies

    • Monitor arrives to face Merrimack; conflict a draw

    • Significance: Naval warfare changed forever- wooden ships obsolete!



Battle of shiloh
Battle of Shiloh

  • Pittsburg Landing, Tenn.

  • April 6 – 7

  • Conf. : led by Gen. Johnston vs. Union. Ulysses Grant

  • Grant heading to Corinth, Miss. impt. Rr junction; stops at Pittsburg landing; Johnston’s surprise attack, Conf. push Union back to Tenn.; Grant counters

  • Signif: Union vict. (barely) high Conf. & Union losses! (over 20,000)

    South gives up hope of recovering Tenn. & the North of winning fast!


Naval warfare
Naval Warfare

  • Blockade- effective but not perfect

    • Blockade runners- small, fast ships used to smuggle

    • Conf. ships in foreign ports sink U.S. ships

      • The Alabama – sank 64 union merchant ships

      • The Florida- 38

    • Signif: hurt N. econ & strained U.S./British relations


Naval warfare continued
Naval warfare continued

  • April 1862: Union attacks N. Orleans to control Miss. Riv.

  • Led by: David G. Farragut

  • Daring attack facing 2 Conf. forts & and 80 guns, fire-rafts, & gunboats

  • Signif: Union controls N. Orleans– key port & heads up river!


1862

  • McClellan’s Peninsula Campaign: (362)

    • Slow, cautious

    • 30 days for Yorktown

    • Major losses 7 Days

    • Goal: Richmond

    • Outcome: Lincoln orders McClellan retreat

      • McClellan replaced by Gen. Pope


1862

  • Aug.: 2nd Manassas/Bull Run

  • Lee wants to deal w/ Pope

  • Conf. Generals attack & raid him

  • Pope & “Stonewall” Jackson face off

  • Outcome:

    • Conf. victory

    • Union retreats/takes massive losses

    • Lincoln brings McClellan back

    • Clara Barton


What do you think
What do you think….

  • At this point in the war, do you think Lee should invade the North?

  • What possible advantages could it have?

  • What disadvantages?


Sept 17 1862 antietam maryland
Sept. 17, 1862 Antietam, Maryland

  • *** Major turning point!!


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