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12.1 Kush and Egypt. Pages 310-314. The Big Idea: The kingdom of Kush, in the region of Nubia, was first conquered by Egypt but later conquered and ruled Egypt. Main Idea 1: Geography helped early Kush civilization develop in Nubia.

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12.1 Kush and Egypt

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12 1 kush and egypt

12.1 Kush and Egypt

Pages 310-314

12 1 kush and egypt

The Big Idea: The kingdom of Kush, in the region of Nubia, was first conquered by Egypt but later conquered and ruled Egypt.

Main idea 1 geography helped early kush civilization develop in nubia

Main Idea 1: Geography helped early Kush civilization develop in Nubia.

12 1 kush and egypt

  • South of Egypt along the Nile, Africans established Kush, the first large kingdom in northeast Africa, in the region we now call Nubia.

  • Today, desert covers much of Nubia – located in the present-day country of Sudan.

12 1 kush and egypt

  • In ancient times Nubia was very fertile due to the heavy rainfall that flooded the Nile every year.

  • Ancient Nubia was rich in valuable minerals such as gold, copper, and stone.

Early civilization in nubia

Early Civilization in Nubia

  • Thanks to the Nile’s floods, farming villages thrived all along the Nile by about 3500 BC.

  • Over time some farmers became leaders of their villages.

  • Sometime around 2000 BC one of these leaders took control of other villages and made himself king of Kush.

Early civilization in nubia1

Early Civilization in Nubia

  • Early kings ruled from their capital at Kerma, on the Nile just south of a cataract, or stretch of rapids.

  • The cataracts were natural barriers against invaders.

  • As time passed Kushite society became more complex, with farmers, herders, priests, and artisans.

Main idea 2 egypt controlled kush for about 450 years

Main Idea 2: Egypt controlled Kush for about 450 years.

12 1 kush and egypt

  • Kushites traded many products to Egypt, including slaves, gold, copper, stone, ebony (a type of dark, heavy wood) and ivory (a white material taken from elephant tusks)

  • Kush grew wealthy and its army grew stronger. Egypt’s rulers were afraid that a powerful Kush might attack Egypt.

12 1 kush and egypt

  • The pharaoh Thutmose I attacked Kush around 1500 BC and conquered all of Nubia north of the Fifth Cataract. He destroyed the Kushite palace.

  • Kush remained an Egyptian territory for about 450 years. Egypt’s influence over Kush grew tremendously.

  • When the New Kingdom in Egypt ended in the mid-1000s BC, Kush once again became independent.

Main idea 3 after winning its independence kush ruled egypt and set up a new dynasty there

Main Idea 3: After winning its independence, Kush ruled Egypt and set up a new dynasty there.

Conquest of egypt

Conquest of Egypt

  • By about 850 BC Kush had regained its strength.

  • Kings of Kush ruled from the city of Napata.

  • In 751 BC a Kushite king named Kashta attacked and conquered Upper Egypt.

  • After Kashta died, his son Piankhi ruled.

  • By 716 Kush controlled all of Egypt.

Kushite dynasty

Kushite Dynasty

  • After the death of Piankhi his brother named Shabaka declared himself pharaoh, beginning the Kushite Dynasty.

  • Worked to restore old Egyptian cultural practices, such as pyramid-building

  • Preserved old Egyptian writings

  • Egyptian culture flourished.

12 1 kush and egypt


End of kushite rule in egypt

End of Kushite Rule in Egypt

  • Kushites remained strong in Egypt for about 40 years.

  • In the 670s and 660s BC Assyrians from Mesopotamia invaded and pushed the Kushites from Egypt.

  • The Assyrians iron weapons gave them a military advantage over the Kushite’s weaker weapons.

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