World War II. Introduction to WWII and the Holocaust. Basic Information. Early 1930s: rise of Nazi Germany led by Adolf Hitler Axis powers: Germany, Italy, Japan WWII started in Europe with the German invasion of Poland (1939) and in the Pacific with the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (1941)
Introduction to WWII and the Holocaust
From my mother’s sleep I fell into the State,
And I hunched in its belly till my wet fur froze.
Six miles from earth, loosed from its dream of life,
I woke to black flak and the nightmare fighters.
When I died they washed me out of the turret with a hose.
A ball turret was a plexiglass sphere set into the belly of a B-17 or B-24, and inhabited by two .50 caliber machine guns and one man. When this gunner tracked with his machine guns a fighter attacking his bomber from below, he revolved with the turret; hunched upside down in his little sphere, he looked like the fetus in the womb. The fighters which attached him were armed with cannon firing explosive shells. The hose was a steam hose.
~ Randall Jerrell
Using what you know about Randall Jerrell, is this passage a primary or secondary source?
“This is what I say to the young Jewish boy wondering what I have done with his years. It is in his name that I speak to you and that I express to you my deepest gratitude. No one is as capable of gratitude as one who has emerged from the Kingdom of Night. We know that every moment is a moment of grace, every hour is an offering; not to share them would mean to betray them. Our lives no longer belong to us alone; they belong to all those who need us desperately.”