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REFORMATION. Reading Notes 31 The Reformation Begins. 31.3 Early Calls for Reform. 1. What teachings and actions led John Wycliffe to be called a heretic by the church? Wycliffe questioned the pope’s authority and attacked indulgences and immoral behavior by clergy .

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Reformation

REFORMATION

Reading Notes 31

The Reformation Begins


31 3 early calls for reform
31.3 Early Calls for Reform

1. What teachings and actions led John Wycliffe to be called a heretic by the church?

  • Wycliffe questioned the pope’s authority and attacked indulgences and immoral behavior by clergy.


31 3 early calls for reform1
31.3 Early Calls for Reform

1. What teachings and actions led John Wycliffe to be called a heretic by the church?

  • He said the Bible, not the church, was the ultimate religious authority.

  • Against church tradition, he had the Bible translated into English.

John Wycliffe gives his Lollard Preacher Order ("The Poor Priests") his English translation of the Bible.  


31 3 early calls for reform2
31.3 Early Calls for Reform

2. What reforms did Jan Hus call for?

  • Hus wanted to end corruption among clergy.

  • He also wanted the Bible and the mass to be offered in the people’s ordinary language rather than Latin.

Memorial to Jan Hus in Prague, Czechoslovakia


31 3 early calls for reform3
31.3 Early Calls for Reform

3. In what way did Catherine of Siena’s approach to faith help prepare people for the Reformation?

  • Catherine showed that people could lead spiritual lives that went beyond the usual norms of the church.

  • She emphasized personal experience of God over church practices.


31 3 early calls for reform4
31.3 Early Calls for Reform

4. Who was Desiderius Erasmus?

  • Erasmus was a humanist priest who wanted to reform the church.

  • He wrote “The Praise of Folly,” a satire of society, including abuses by clergy and church leaders.


31 3 early calls for reform5
31.3 Early Calls for Reform

4. How did he help to prepare Europe for the Reformation?

  • His attacks on church corruption added to people’s desire to leave Catholicism.

Bronze statue of Erasmus in Rotterdam. It was created in 1622, replacing a stone statue of 1557.


31 4 martin luther breaks away from the church
31.4 Martin Luther Breaks Awayfrom the Church

1. Why did Martin Luther write the Ninety-Five Theses and post them on the door of the church in Wittenberg?

  • Luther was outraged by the selling of indulgences.

From 1521


31 4 martin luther breaks away from the church1
31.4 Martin Luther Breaks Awayfrom the Church

1. Why did Martin Luther write the Ninety-Five Theses and post them on the door of the church in Wittenberg?

  • He posted the Ninety-Five Theses to express his ideas about this practice.


31 4 martin luther breaks away from the church2
31.4 Martin Luther Breaks Awayfrom the Church

2. How were Luther’s beliefs different from those of the Catholic Church?

  • Luther believed that salvation came from faith, not good works.

  • He said the Bible, not the pope, was the ultimate source of religious authority.


31 4 martin luther breaks away from the church3
31.4 Martin Luther Breaks Awayfrom the Church

2. How were Luther’s beliefs different from those of the Catholic Church?

  • He said all Christians were priests and should read the Bible for themselves.

  • And he claimed that most of the church’s sacraments had no basis in the Bible.

Statue of Martin Luther at Frauenkircke


31 4 martin luther breaks away from the church4
31.4 Martin Luther Breaks Awayfrom the Church

3. What happened when Luther was brought before the Diet of Worms?

  • He refused to take back his teachings and was declared a heretic by the emperor.

  • The emperor forbade the printing of his writings.


31 5 other early leaders of the reformation
31.5 Other Early Leaders ofthe Reformation

1. Name three things that helped the movement begun by Luther to spread across Europe.

  • People were tired of abuses and ready for change.

  • Government leaders learned they could win independence from the church.


31 5 other early leaders of the reformation1
31.5 Other Early Leaders ofthe Reformation

1. Name three things that helped the movement begun by Luther to spread across Europe.

  • The printing press helped spread Luther’s ideas.


31 5 other early leaders of the reformation2
31.5 Other Early Leaders ofthe Reformation

2. What two Protestant reformers began new churches in Switzerland?

  • Huldrych Zwingli and John Calvin began new churches in Switzerland.


31 5 other early leaders of the reformation3
31.5 Other Early Leaders ofthe Reformation

3. What personal and political reasons led King Henry VIII to split with the Catholic Church?

  • Henry VIII split from the church so that he could get a divorce and remarry.

  • He would no longer have to share power and wealth with the church.


31 5 other early leaders of the reformation4
31.5 Other Early Leaders ofthe Reformation

4. Who was William Tyndale?

  • Tyndale was a priest and scholar who translated books of the Bible into English.


31 5 other early leaders of the reformation5
31.5 Other Early Leaders ofthe Reformation

4. What important contribution is he known for?

  • His translations were used in the King James Bible.

  • He adopted Protestant views and was burned at the stake.

His last words reportedly were:

"Oh Lord, open the King of England's eyes."


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