Understanding the RUKUNEGARA & the Social Contract . By Philip TN Koh Email: [email protected] Mah-Kamariyah & Philip Koh Asli National Unity Forum 24 -25 November 2005 . The Past: Guilt & Debts .
By Philip TN Koh
Email: [email protected]
Mah-Kamariyah & Philip Koh
Asli National Unity Forum
24 -25 November 2005
One would gladly struggle free of the past: and rightly so, because it is indeed impossible to live beneath its shadow, because there can never be an end to terror of guilt and violence must continue to be paid with further guilt and violence, but wrongly so, because the past from which one would escape very much lives on. Theodor W. Adorno
(I) A UNITED NATION: all regard themselves as MALAYSIANS irrespective of race and creed. A polity in which its constituent parts are joined in a federal form is practised consistent with state rights
(2) A DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY: national interests prevail over sectional. Fundamental liberties and freedom of political activity and rights shall not be abused to promote racialism or to destroy democracy itself
(3) A JUST SOCIETY: equality for all assistance to weak and disadvantage
(4) A LIBERAL SOCIETY: members are free to practise and profess their own religions and customs. Diversity affirmed as an asset and strength.
(5) A PROGRESSIVE SOCIETY: Embracing Scientific & Technological advances whilst keeping in sight spiritual values
A Window to the tensions beneath the easy rhetoric.
“… Respectable moral disagreements…call for deliberation, not denunciation. The willingness to deliberate about our respectable differences is also part of democratic ideal. Multicultural societies and communities that stand for freedom and equality of all people rest upon mutual respect for reasonable intellectual, political and cultural differences… The moral promise of multiculturalism depends on the exercise of … deliberative virtues.” (Amy Gutman, Multiculturalism: Examining Politics of Recognition (1994))