ITU Standardization and its new Environment
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ITU Standardization and its new Environment Brussels, 19 th September 2002 by Houlin ZHAO Director Telecommunication Standardization Bureau (TSB) International Telecommunication Union, Geneva Place des Nations - CH-1211 Geneva 20 - Switzerland Tel: +41 22 730 5851Fax: +41 22 730 5853

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ITU Standardization and its new Environment Brussels, 19 th September 2002 by Houlin ZHAO

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Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

ITU Standardization and its new Environment

Brussels, 19th September 2002

by

Houlin ZHAO

Director

Telecommunication Standardization Bureau (TSB)

International Telecommunication Union, Geneva

Place des Nations - CH-1211 Geneva 20 - Switzerland

Tel: +41 22 730 5851Fax: +41 22 730 5853

E-mail: [email protected]

ITU Home page address: http://www.itu.int


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

1837Invention of the first electric telegraph

1844Samuel Morse sent his first public message over a telegraph Iinebetween Washington and Baltimore

1865Foundation of the International Telegraph Union by twenty States

17 Maywith the adoption of the first Convention. First Telegraph Regulations.

1876Alexander Graham Bell patents his invention of the telephone

1924Paris - Creation of CCIF (International Telephone Consultative Committee)

1925Paris - Creation of CCIT (International Telegraph Consultative Committee)

1927Washington - Creation of the CCIR (Intl. Radio Consultative Committee)

1932Madrid - Plenipotentiary Conference. Telegraph Union changes name to

International Telecommunication Union

1947ITU becomes a Specialized Agency of the United Nations

1956Geneva - CCIF and CCIT merged into CCITT (International

Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee)

1992Geneva - Plenipotentiary Conference. Creation of 3 Sectors:

ITU-T replaces CCITT, ITU-R replaces IFRB, CCIR, and ITU-D replaces TCD

ITU Landmarks


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

Structure of the ITU


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

  • mainly financed by Governments

  • work dominated by industry

  • procedures very efficient, no longer slow

  • seek effective cooperation with SDOs to share the work

  • should be open to emerging technologies

  • should be open to researchers / students

  • try to keep its pre-eminent status

Situation of ITU Standardization


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

CCITT (International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee):

19561st Plenary Assembly

19602nd Plenary AssemblyRed Books

19643rd Plenary AssemblyBlue Books

19684th Plenary AssemblyWhite Books

19725th Plenary AssemblyGreen Books

19766th Plenary AssemblyOrange Books

19807th Plenary AssemblyYellow Books

19848th Plenary AssemblyRed Books

19889th Plenary AssemblyBlue Books

ITU-T (International Telecommunication Union - Telecom. Standardization Sector):

1993 1st World Telecommunication Standardization Conference (WTSC-93), Helsinki

1996 2nd World Telecommunication Standardization Conference (WTSC-96), Geneva

2000 3rd World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly (WTSA-2000), Montreal

CCITT and ITU-T


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

"The functions of the Telecommunication Standardization Sector

shall be, bearing in mind the particular concerns of the developing

countries, to fulfill the purposes of the Union relating to

telecommunication standardization, as stated in Article 1 of this

Constitution, by studying technical, operating and tariff Questions

and adopting Recommendations on them with a view to

standardizing telecommunications on a worldwide basis"

Functions of ITU-T


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

  • Workshop / forum

  • Focus Group

  • Joint Group

  • Project team

Organizational Structure of ITU-T


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

Study Group 2:Operational aspects of service provision, networks and

performance

Study Group 3:Tariff and accounting principles including related

telecommunications economic and policy issues

Study Group 4:Telecommunication management, including TMN

Study Group 5:Protection against electromagnetic environment effects

Study Group 6:Outside plant

Study Group 9:Integrated broadband cable networks and television and

sound transmission

Study Group 11:Signalling requirements and protocols

ITU-T Study Groups and TSAG


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

Study Group 12:End-to-end transmission performance of networks

and terminals

Study Group 13:Multi-protocol and IP-based networks and their internetworking

Study Group 15:Optical and other transport networks

Study Group 16:Multimedia services, systems and terminals

Study Group 17:Data networks and telecommunication software

SSG:IMT-2000 and Beyond

TSAG:Telecommunication Standardization Advisory Group

(Priorities: IP, Mobility, next generation, security, …)

ITU-T Study Groups and TSAG


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

Approval of new and revised Recommendations -

Sequence of events (TAP)


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

(a)

3 weeks

4 weeks

LC

(b)

SG

Director’s

Meeting

Announcement

(c)

and Posting

SG or

Edited

Director’s

WP

Text

Announcement

for LC

and Posting

Meeting

3 weeks

(b)

for LC

AR

(a)

(b)

Approved

(a)

Comment

Director’s

Resolution

Announcement

Director’s

Edited

and Posting

Notification

Text

for AR

Available

LC:

Last Call

AR:

Additional Review

AAP Sequence of Events(extract from Rec. A.8)


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

  • Questions (projects)

  • Contributions driven (normal contributions, delayed contributions,temporary documents)

  • face-to-face meeting:

  • - debate, determination, approval of reports, approval of Questions - SG/WP meetings: decision making; Rapporteur meetings: develop texts

  • Decision = consensus, unanimous agreements

  • Recommendations (Amendments, Corrigenda, supplements)

  • draft Recommendations, determined draft Recommendations

  • approved Recommendations, pre-published Recommendations,published Recommendations

  • Implementor’s Guides

  • Meeting reports

  • Electronic submissions, web consultations, email, ftp

  • Paperless meeting – LAN/Wireless – LAN connections in meeting rooms

Working methods


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

2001 - Best selling texts(in the order of sales number from 09/01):

H.323 G.707/Y.1322G.783G.703G.991.2 G.709H.248

H.225.0G.729Q.763Q.931G.704 G.703

G.807/Y.1302Q.763Q.931H.248 Annex K G.871/Y.1301

P.862G.711

Some well-known ITU-T Recommendations:

E.164E.190E.212G.652G.655G.692G.703G.704G.711G.720

G.723 Annex A+diskG.723.1 G.729+Annex A+diskG.780-series (SDH)G.826

G.957G.982G.990-series (xDSL)

H.225.0H.245H.248H.263H.323 H.324 H.450 I.365I.432I.731J.112J.117

M.3010M.3100M.3400

Q.931Q.1700-series (IMT-2000)

T.30T.37T.38 V.34V.44 V.59V.90V.92

X.25X.36X.509 X.680-series (ASN.1)X.690 X.840-series

Y.1310Y.1540

Best Sellers of ITU-T Recommendations


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

Approval and publication time of Recommendations


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

Three major items:

-IP-related issues

-IMT-2000

-Accounting rates

Other items:

-Multi-media, access networks (xDSL), optical transmission,security, numbering and addressing, inter-operabilities, IPR, etc.

ITU-T's main work areas


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

  • E.164 …

  • G.707 (SDH), G.709 (OTN), G.722 (7 kHz), G.728 (16 kbit/s), G.729 (8 kbit/s), G.99x (xDSL) …

  • H.248 (gateway), H.323 (multimedia systems) …

  • I.365 (FR), I.432 (B-ISDN), I.732 (ATM) …

  • J.112 (Cable TV), J.16x + J.17x (IPCablecom) …

  • M.3120 (CORBA for TMN) …

  • Q.933 (DSS1), Q.1300 (TASC), Q.1930 (BICC), Q.27xx (B-ISDN), Q.29xx (DSS2) …

  • T.37, T.38 (IPfax), T.12x (multimedia conference) …

  • V.29 (9.6 K modem), V.34 (34 kbit/s), V.90/V.92 (56 kbit/s) …

  • X.25, X.75, X.76 (FR), X.85 (IP over SDH), X.86 (Ethernet over LAPS), X.121, X.4xx (MHS), X.5xx (Directory),

    particularly X.509, X.68x/X.69x (ASN.1), X.8xx (security), X.9xx (ODP) …

  • Y-series: dedicated to IP and GII

  • Z.100 (SDL), Z.14x (TTCN), Z.3xx (MM languages) …

ITU-T’s products for IP-networks


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

  • Quality of Service (QoS)

  • Numbering and routing

  • Security

  • Tariffs and Accounting rates

  • Interworking

Ensuring global interoperability


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

(Others: such as ISO, IEC, ISOC/IETF, INTELSAT, INMARSAT, EUTELSAT,ETSI, CEPT…)

ITU-T Members


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

(Note – Cisco: 13)

Top Members participation (07/98-08/00)


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

  • -ITU-T work is shared by Governments and Industry Members

  • (service providers and telecom equipment vendors)

  • - Individual Industry Memberships in ITU Sectors

  • 13 out of 14 Study Group Chairmen (including TSAG) appointed

  • are from Sector Members

  • -Classic telecom members (to attract new IT Members)

  • -Director’s Informal Consultation meeting (with Industries)

  • known as “Martigny meetings”, twice: Feb. 2000 and Feb. 2001

  • -Key point of ITU Reform: Industry Members’ rights and duties(partnership)

Industry Members’ role


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

(Some SDOs receive secretariat support from their members; such expenditures are not counted in the budget.)

Company’s dues to SDOs(ITU-T Associates = US $ 6,000)


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

Intergovernment

ITU

(ITU-T and ITU-R)

NGOsISO, IEC…..

Forums / Consortia / SDOs

1394TA3G.IP3GPP3GPP2AIMAMF

AMI-CAOEMAAOWARIBATM ForumBINTERMS

BluetoothCable ModemsCBOPCDGCIFCII

CommerceNetCommerceNet J Committee T1COSCPR CTFJ

DHFDISADOPGDSL ForumECEECHONET

ECMAECOMECTFEDIFICEEDSEEMA

EIDXEMAEMFERTICOETSIEWOS

FCIAFCIA-JFIPAFRFFS-VDSLFSAN

GSM Assoc.HNFHome APIHomePNAHRFWGIDB Forum

IEEEIETFIFIPIFSAIMTCIMWA

IPv6IrDAITS AmericaITS UKJAVAJCTEA

JECALSJEDICJEMAJICSAPJIMMJMF

LONMARKMCPCMDG.orgMITFMMCFMobile Web

MOPAMPLS ForumMSFMWIFOASISODVA

OIFOMGOSGiPCCAPCISIGPCMCIA

PHS MoUPICMGPKIPOFSalutationSCF

SCTESDL ForumSDRSSIPGSTATIA

TINA-CTM ForumTOGTSCTTATTC

UMTSUSBIFUWCCW3CWAPWDF

Web 3DWfMCWIN ForumWLIFXTP Forum

………

ITU positioning


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

  • ISO, IEC, ISO/IEC JTC 1cooperation since the 1970s; common texts since 1992

  • WTSA-2000 Resolution 7, Recommendation A.23Joint President Cooperation Group (JPCG)  World StandardsCooperation (WSC)

  • IETFITU-T Member since 1995

  • MoU PSO, July 1999; provide secretarial support to PSO, since 08/01

  • Joint management team meetings in 11/99 and 08/01; ENUM, H.248, T.37 …

  • ETSIITU-T Member since early 1990sMoU cooperation in June 2000

  • ISO, IEC, UN/ECEMoU on e-business in March 2000

  • GSC (Global Standards Collaboration): Since March 1994

    TTA, TTC, ARIB, ETSI, T1, TIA, TSACC, ACIF, ITU

ITU-T coordination with SDOs


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

  • ITU-T Rec. A. 4: communication with forums and consortia

  • ITU-T Rec. A. 5: referencing documents of other organizations in ITU-T Recommendations

  • ITU-T Rec. A. 6: cooperation and exchange of information with SDOs

  • Invitation to the Informal Forum Summit by the Director of TSB (December 3-4, 2001)

ITU-T Cooperation with

forums / consortia / SDOs


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

Members for Rec. A.4, A.5and A.6 relationship


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

  • Cooperation on common subjects (liaisons, communications,mutual participation)

  • Cooperation on workshops

  • ITU-T provide draft texts and other documents to SDOs to post for public consultation

  • ITU’s permission for SDOs to reproduce ITU-T texts

  • More to be done for mutual benefit: market study, joint promotion, mutual reference, joint conferences, efficient coordination, common IPR policy, etc.

  • “Informal Forum Summit”, Geneva, December 2001

Cooperation activities with SDOs(General)


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

  • Some forums become A.4 members of ITU-T

  • FS-VDSL Forum will become a Focus Group of ITU-T SG 16

  • Another Forum is considering to become a Focus Group of ITU-T

  • Home page connections for ITU-T and Forums/Consortia

  • ITU-T SG 16 management member be included in the Forum

    leadership

  • New approaches…

    TO COOPERATE and WORK TOGETHER!

New relationships betweenForums/Consortia and ITU-T


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

  • ITU-T already defined processes for working with other organizations,

    and TSAG enhanced these to include working with IETF

  • Guidelines were prepared for the SGs, including issues such as:

    - how to interact on ITU-T and IETF work items, including:

    * how ITU-T learns about existing and proposed new IETF work items

    * how IETF learns about ITU-T work items

  • Representation, including:

    - IETF recognition at ITU-T meetings and vice-versa

    - communication contacts

    - mailing lists

  • Document sharing, including:

    - drafting

    - the passing of documents between the Organizations

    - cross referencing

Cooperation with IETF


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

  • IETF protocol defined in RFC 2916

  • E.164 number can be used to look up a UniformResource Identifier (URI)

    - Web addresses most commonly known URIs

  • Allows using E.164 number in context of combined PSTN & IP services (email, fax, SIP address, coordinates, other?)

    For example:

    +44 1206 762335  5.3.3.2.6.7.6.0.2.1.4.4.e164.TLD

What is ENUM?


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

  • Define and implement administrative procedures that coordinate delegations of E.164 numbering resources into the agreed DNS name servers

  • Director of TSB, on behalf of Administrations, to

    control the implementation of ENUM under

    e164.arpa on a trial basis, while the registering is

    done by RIPE NCC

ITU-T Responsibilities regarding ENUM


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

  • ICANN Board of Directors, 3 from PSO

    Mr. Schink (Siemens) (ITU proposed candidate)

  • ICANN Independent Review Panel (IRP) Nominating Committee

    6 members:

    Mr. H. Zhao3 yearsPSO (Director of TSB/ITU)

    Mr. T. Lee2 yearsPSO

    Ms. C. Liu3 yearsASO

    Mr. J. K. Park2 yearsASO

    Mr. S. Hemphill3 yearsDNSO

    Mr. O. Iteann2 yearsDNSO

  • GAC: Mr. R. Shaw and Mr. R. Hill

ITU’s involvement in ICANN


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

  • President of ICANN call for reform in February 2002

  • TSB Director conducted informal consultation with ITU Members in March/April

  • TSB Director presents a paper to ICANN on its reform, offering to assist ICANN in certain areas, on 17 April 2002

  • ITU Council-2002 unanimously supported TSB Director’s initiative

  • Many contacts between ITU-T and the outside partners concerned

  • TSB paper of 9 August 2002

  • ITU PP-02 Decision (Resolution 102)

  • Hope for a successful ICANN reform

ICANN Reform


Itu standardization and its new environment brussels 19 th september 2002 by houlin zhao

  • “Consensus: after WTSA-2000, the ITU-T procedures are now very streamlined and efficient so that any perception of slowness can no longer be attributed to the ITU-T methods…”

  • “fully recognized that Sector Members have a significant leadership role in the ITU-T technical standardization activities…”

  • “ITU-T is and should remain the unique worldwide venue for industry and governments to work together in developing, providing and promoting global consensus-based telecommunication requirements and standards for the Information Society”

    ************

Industry Views on ITU-T Martigny, February 2001


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