IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON LIVESTOCK AND MITIGATION STRATEGIES. Kshitiz Shrestha IAAS, Nepal. www.powerpointpresentationon.blogspot.com. Air. Water. Elements of atmosphere. Climate.
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Elements of atmosphere
Specific atmospheric trend and pattern of particular place determined by the interaction of Atmospheric elements
Solar radiation/ Temperature
Quality, pattern of climatic elements
Difficult to adapt,
Natural climate change
Accelerated climate change
Pressing global issue
Climate change is a phenomenon due to emissions of STRATEGIESgreenhouse gases from fuel combustion, deforestation, urbanization and industrialization (Upreti, 1999) resulting variations in solar energy, temperature and precipitation.
Between 1970 and 2004 global GHGs
emissions have increased by 70 %
Climate change will have major impact on the people who depend on livestock for their livelihoods (Thornton et al., 2002).
of water soluble carbohydrates
and N at given dry matter yields
…Impacts on livestock Systems
B. Heat stress :
C. Water :
…Impacts on livestock SystemsD. Livestock diseases and disease vectors
(i) Expansion of vector populations into more temperate zones (such as livestock tick-borne diseases in higher altitude areas).
(ii) Changes in rainfall pattern during wetter years, which could also lead to expanding vector populations and large-scale outbreaks of disease.
…Impacts on livestock SystemsLivestock disease ….contd…
…Impacts on livestock SystemsE. Biodiversity
high risk of extinction.
…Adaptation strategies… SystemsCapacity building for livestock keepers
training in agro-ecological technologies and practices for the production and conservation of fodder
improves the supply of animal feed and reduces malnutrition and mortality in herds.
…Adaptation strategies… SystemsLivestock management systems