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Chapter 12/13: Evaluation/Decide Framework PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Chapter 12/13: Evaluation/Decide Framework. Why Evaluate?. Why: to check that users can use the product and that they like it. Designers need to check that they understand users’ requirements. Avoid wasting money. What to Evaluate.

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Chapter 12/13: Evaluation/Decide Framework

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Chapter 12 13 evaluation decide framework l.jpg

Chapter 12/13: Evaluation/Decide Framework

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Why Evaluate?

  • Why: to check that users can use the product and that they like it.

  • Designers need to check that they understand users’ requirements.

  • Avoid wasting money

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What to Evaluate

  • What: a conceptual model, early prototypes of a new system and later, more complete prototypes.

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Where to Evaluate

  • Where: in natural and laboratory settings.

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When to Evaluate

  • When: throughout design; finished products can be evaluated to collect information to inform new products.

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Analytical evaluation

Controlled experiment

Formative evaluation

Heuristic evaluation

Predictive evaluation

Summative evaluation

Usability laboratory

User testing

The language of evaluation

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Evaluation approaches

  • Usability testing

  • Field studies

  • Analytical evaluation

  • Combining approaches

  • Opportunistic evaluations

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Characteristics of approaches

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Evaluation approaches and methods

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Six evaluation case studies

  • Evaluating early design ideas for a mobile device for rural nurses in India.

  • Evaluating cell phones for different markets.

  • Evaluating affective issues: challenge and engagement in a collaborative immersive game.

  • Improving a design: the Hutch World patient support system.

  • Multiple methods help ensure good usability: the Olympic messaging system (OMS).

  • Evaluating a new kind of interaction: an ambient system.

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Team Extra Credit

Book Exercise in Chapter 12(Interaction Design Book). Due November 1st in class.

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DECIDE: a framework to guide evaluation

  • Determine the goals.

  • Explore the questions.

  • Choose the evaluation approach and methods.

  • Identify the practical issues.

  • Decide how to deal with the ethical issues.

  • Evaluate, analyze, interpret and present the data.

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Determine the goals

  • What are the high-level goals of the evaluation?

  • Who wants it and why?

  • Some examples of goals:

    • Check to ensure that the final interface is consistent.

    • Investigate how technology affects working practices.

    • Improve the usability of an existing product .

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Explore the questions

  • All evaluations need goals & questions to guide them.

  • What questions might you ask about the design of a cell phone?

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Choose the evaluation approach & methods

  • The evaluation approach influences the methods used, and in turn, how data is collected, analyzed and presented.

  • E.g. field studies typically:

    Involve observation and interviews.

    Do not involve controlled tests in a laboratory.

    Produce qualitative data.

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Identify practical issues

For example, how to:

  • Select users

  • Stay on budget

  • Stay on schedule

  • Find evaluators

  • Select equipment

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Decide about ethical issues

  • Develop an informed consent form

  • Participants have a right to:- Know the goals of the study;- Know what will happen to the findings;- Privacy of personal information;- Leave when they wish; - Be treated politely.

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Evaluate, interpret & presentdata

  • The approach and methods used influence how data is evaluated, interpreted and presented.

  • The following need to be considered:- Reliability: can the study be replicated?- Validity: is it measuring what you expected?- Biases: is the process creating biases?- Scope: can the findings be generalized?- Ecological validity: is the environment influencing the findings? - i.e. Hawthorn effect.

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