Relationship between collective agreement arbitration and law
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Relationship between collective agreement/arbitration and law. Alexander v. Gardner-Denver 416 U.S. 36 (1974). Voluntary filing of a grievance under a CBK alleging discrimination does not foreclose employee from filing suit under Title VII ee must meet jurisdictional requirements

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Relationship between collective agreement/arbitration and law

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Relationship between collective agreement arbitration and law

Relationship between collective agreement/arbitration and law


Alexander v gardner denver 416 u s 36 1974

Alexander v. Gardner-Denver416 U.S. 36 (1974)

  • Voluntary filing of a grievance under a CBK alleging discrimination does not foreclose employee from filing suit under Title VII

  • ee must meet jurisdictional requirements

    • CBA does not waive an employee’s statutory rights

    • arbitration and EEOC/courts different forums with different authority

      • arb - interpret CBK

      • EEOC - enforce Title VII


Waiver of statutory rights

Waiver of Statutory Rights?

  • MUST an employee use the (grievance and) arbitration procedure?

  • Gilmer v. Interstate/Johnson Lane Corp., Sup. Ct., 500 U.S. 20, 1991

    • Nonunion brokerage firm employee who had agreed to arbitrate any employment controversy required to arbitrate age discrimination claim

    • agreement to arbitrate a waiver of right to sue


Waiver of statutory rights cont

Waiver of Statutory Rights?(cont.)

  • Wright v. Universal Maritime Service Corp, U.S.Supreme Court, 1998

    • Is there a conflict between

      • Gardner-Denver (ee covered by a CBA may go to court on statutory claim regardless of outcome of grievance procedure)

      • Gilmer (ee may waive statutory right to file if ee agrees to submit dispute to arb)


Wright continued

Wright (continued)

  • Incorporation of statutory law in CBK does not alter fact that this a statutory claim, not a claim under CBK

  • Presumption of arbitrability only extends to those issues which can be decided better by arbitrators than by courts - issues under CBK, not a federal statute

  • Waiver of statutory rights must be “clear and unmistakable; must be “explicitly stated” in CBK

    • Court unwilling to infer a Gilmer-like individual waiver of statutory rights from a collective agreement

  • No explicit incorporation in agreement of ADA, as there was with OSHA


Relationship between external law and cba

Relationship Between External Law and CBA

  • “The dispute in the present case, however, ultimately concerns not the application or interpretation of any CBA, but the meaning of a federal statute. The cause of action Wright asserts arises not out of contract, but out of the ADA, and is distinct from any right conferred by the collective-bargaining agreement. . . . To be sure, respondents argue that Wright is not qualified for his position as the CBA requires, but even if that were true he would still (emphasis in original) prevail if the refusal to hire violated the ADA.”


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