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Haiti Earthquake 2010

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Haiti Earthquake 2010. Overveiw. Was a catastrophic magnitude 7.0 M w earthquake . The earthquake occurred at 16:53 local time on Tuesday, 12 January 2010. An estimated three million people were affected by the quake. the Haitian government reported that 316,000 people had died,

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Presentation Transcript
overveiw
Overveiw
  • Was a catastrophicmagnitude 7.0 Mwearthquake.
  • The earthquake occurred at 16:53 local time on Tuesday, 12 January 2010.
  • An estimated three millionpeople were affected by the quake.
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the Haitian government reported that

  • 316,000 people had died,
  • 300,000 had been injured
  • 1,000,000 made homeless
  • also estimated that 250,000 residences
  • 300,000 commercial buildings had collapsed or were severely damaged
aftershockes
Aftershockes
  • The United States Geological Survey (USGS) recorded eight aftershocks in the two hours after the main earthquake, with magnitudes between 4.3 and 5.9
  • On 20 January at 06:03 local time the strongest aftershock since the earthquake.
  • Tsunami : localized tsunami wave shortly after the earthquake.
infrastrucure damage
Infrastrucure damage
  • Reported that 90% percent of the buildings in that city had been destroyed and Léogâne had "to be totally rebuilt.
  • Vital infrastructure necessary to respond to the disaster was severely damaged or destroyed. This included all hospitals in the capital; air, sea, and land transport facilities; and communication systems.
water supply
Water supply
  • the public water network seriously damaged.
  • Tens of thousands of people have gathered in open spaces with no access to safe water.
  • The priority now is to provide safe water to as many people as possible as quickly as possible.
  • Access to safe water will quench thirst, improve hygiene and save lives.
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Set up self-contained water storage and distribution systems at the locations where people are congregating.

Using the existing network wherever possible.

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To keep people healthy and clean

  • Oxfam has built 2,500 latrines and over 1,000 bathing shelters in camps and other areas
hospitals
Hospitals
  • Pre-earthquake Haiti was already suffering from a short supply of equipment, medicines, clean water, and medical personnel.
  • The few hospitals have been destroyed or severely damaged, and are beyond use.
  • Water and sewage lines have been destroyed, buildings are unsafe to use, verging on collapse at any moment
health status
Health status
  • suffering from severe :

--injuries, particularly broken bones, severe cuts, crush injuries, burns.

-- respiratory problems that have come from breathing in dust.

--Gastrointestinal infections from dirty water and rampant sewage.

--communicable diseases may also begin to circulate.

haiti and cholera
Haiti and Cholera
  • Health officials tell us that 259 people already died from cholera and that another 3342 people were infected.
  • Because of the mobility of people, especially now that a great number of Haitians are out of a home, the disease could spread like wildfire.
response
Response
  • Aid groups are teaching their teams how to fight the disease in the camps, by providing residents with soap and water purification tables
  • The water agency is also mobilized. It has almost doubled the amount of chlorine in drinking water.
  • Oxfam is providing support to 1.2 million people in Haiti through our earthquake response and cholera prevention programmes
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* Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced that a National Surveillance System that was set up after the earthquake had confirmed the conspicuous absence of highly transmissible disease in Haiti.

rescue and relief efforts
Rescue and relief efforts
  • Rescue efforts began in the immediate aftermath of the earthquake
  • with able-bodied survivors extricating the living and the dead from the rubble of the many buildings which had collapsed.
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The International Committee of the Red Cross

  • The International Red Cross
  • The Haitian Red Cross
  • The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
recovery
Recovery
  • $48 million had been raised already in the U.S. to help Haiti recover.
  • highest priorities in Haiti\'s recovery were establishing a working government, clearing roads, and ensuring the streets were cleared of bodies to improve sanitary conditions
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Unemployment and food shortages are two of the main obstacles that people face as they begin to rebuild their lives after the earthquake.

prepared by hanin j sawalha
Prepared by:Hanin.J.Sawalha

Under supervision:

Dr. Samar Musmar

references
References
  • Wikipedia
  • ICRC Rescue center
  • The Washington Post. 10 February 2010.
  • Oxfam web Site
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