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Primate Classification. P rimates – monkeys, lemurs, gorillas, chimps, humans, etc. Primates cont. Family Hominoidea (hominid) – great apes (gorilla, orangutans, chimps & bonobos), humans (living and extinct) Hominins – chimps, bonobos, and humans (living and extinct)

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primate classification
Primate Classification

Primates – monkeys, lemurs, gorillas, chimps, humans, etc.

primates cont
Primates cont.
  • Family Hominoidea (hominid)– great apes (gorilla, orangutans, chimps & bonobos), humans (living and extinct)
  • Hominins – chimps, bonobos, and humans (living and extinct)
  • Genus Homo – the humans
primates
Primates
  • hair or fur
  • warm-blooded
  • live young
  • suckle
  • infant dependence
  • social life
  • play
  • observation and imitation
  • pecking order

Common Primate Traits

primate family tree
Primate Family Tree

Orangutan

Crown lemur

hominin evolution
Hominin Evolution
  • Homo habilis (2.0 – 1.6mya)
  • H. erectus (1.9-70kyBP)
  • H. neanderthalensis (300-30kyBP)
  • H. sapiens (200kyBP – present)
  • ~ 20 different homo species
  • Human evolution - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Scale: Millions of Years BP

homo heidelbergensis
Homo heidelbergensis
  • Africa into Europe
  • 500 000 – 300 000 yrs BP
  • primitive form of language
  • similar tools/fire as H. erectus
  • evolved into H. neandertalensis in Europe
  • evolved into H. sapien in Africa
homo sapiens
Homo sapiens
  • Archaic – 200,000 to 35,000 years BP
    • Homo sapiens
  • Modern – 35,000 years BP to present
    • Anatomically modern
    • Homo sapiens sapiens
modern homo sapiens
Modern Homo Sapiens
  • Multiregional Model
    • Humans evolved more or less simultaneously across the entire Old World from several ancestral populations.
  • Rapid-Replacement Model (Out of Africa)
    • Humans evolved only once--in Africa --and then migrated throughout the Europe and Asia, replacing their ancestors
    • mDNA evidence supports this
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