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The Contribution of Science to Solving Issues related to Corals and other Marine Biodiversity Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization. IOC and UNESCO Member States’ views on Ocean Sciences for Policy-Making.

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IOC and UNESCO Member States’ views on Ocean Sciences for Policy-Making

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Ioc and unesco member states views on ocean sciences for policy making

The Contribution of Science toSolving Issues related toCorals and otherMarine BiodiversityIntergovernmental Oceanographic CommissionUnited Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization


Ioc and unesco member states views on ocean sciences for policy making

IOC and UNESCO Member States’ views on Ocean Sciences for Policy-Making

  • Ocean Sciences activities to be policy-relevant and with an emphasis on communicating results to Member States

  • Scientific underpinnings of marine assessments could provide a focus for policy-relevant applications


Three possible models non exclusive

Three possible models (non-exclusive)

  • Coordinating the production of best scientific knowledge for which there is a policy demand

  • Repackaging best scientific knowledge in a format (content & language) acceptable by and useful to policy-makers

  • Communicating best available scientific knowledge


Ioc and unesco member states views on ocean sciences for policy making

1. Coordinating the production of best scientific knowledge for which there is a policy demand

Biogeography of the Deep Sea Benthos:

A scheme for delineating large-scale biogeographic provinces of high seas areas

Les Watling, Kathy Scanlon,

Elva Escobar Briones

for the

Global Open Oceans and Deep Sea-habitats (GOODS) Expert Panel

Mexico City, January 2007


Ioc and unesco member states views on ocean sciences for policy making

Methods:

Review of literature

Compilation of bathymetry, hydrography, and organic matter deposition

Compilation of unpublished data

Mapping of variables to assess areas of major change

Production of GIS maps

Combine literature information, unpublished data and use of hydrography to estimate province-level biogeographic classification

NOTE: Large expanses of ocean have no data for bottom-dwelling species (benthos)


Ioc and unesco member states views on ocean sciences for policy making

Benthic Habitat Types from Seamounts and Ridges

Fine grained sediment, flat, with flow related features

Large, single-celled organism with sand house

octocoral

Anemone


Ioc and unesco member states views on ocean sciences for policy making

Basalt wall

sponges

Gorgonian

corals


Ioc and unesco member states views on ocean sciences for policy making

Basalt, pavement, biogenic structure

Coral is habitat for brittle stars, worms, and crabs


Ioc and unesco member states views on ocean sciences for policy making

Lower Bathyal Biogeographic Provinces for depths 800 – 3500 m

Province Key:

1, Arctic. 2, North Atlantic Boreal. 3, North Pacific Boreal. 4a, 4b, 4c, 4d, subdivisions of the Central Atlantic-Indian-South Australian. 5, Pacific. 6. New Zealand-Kermadec. 7, Cocoplatensis. 8, Nazcaplatensis. 9, Antarctic


Ioc and unesco member states views on ocean sciences for policy making

Abyssal Biogeographic Provinces for the Depths 3500 – 6500 m

Province key:

1, Arctic Basin. 2, North Atlantic. 3, Brazil Basin. 4, Angola and Sierra Leone Basins. 5. Argentine Basin. 6, East Antarctic and Southern Indian. 7, West Antarctic and SE Pacific. 8, Indian. 9, Chile, Peru, and Guatemala Basins. 10a, 10b, 10c, 10d, subdivisions of Pacific Basin.


Ioc and unesco member states views on ocean sciences for policy making

2. Repackaging best scientific knowledge in a format (content & language) acceptable by and useful to policy-makers

The Assessment of Assessmenton the State of the Marine Environment(including socio-economic aspects)


Ioc and unesco member states views on ocean sciences for policy making

Organization AoA

UNGA at its 60th session (2005), adopted resolution 60/30 on

oceans and the law of the sea established:

  • Ad Hoc Steering Group (AHSG) oversees execution of “Assessment of Assessments” (MS representatives appointed by UNGA Chairs, UN agencies FAO, IMO, WMO, ISA, DOALOS, GESAMP)

  • Two United Nations agencies, (IOC of UNESCO & UNEP) co-lead the process; and

  • AGroup of Experts (GoE) carry out the “Assessment of Assessments”


Ioc and unesco member states views on ocean sciences for policy making

Assessment of Assessments

GROUP OF EXPERTS

  • 20 high level independent experts

    • selected and proposed by UNEP& IOC

    • nomination endorsed by Ad Hoc Steering Group

    • all UN regions represented

      Expertise in :Environmental assessments

      Oceanography

      Marine Ecology /Biology/Geology

      Fisheries

      Law/ Policy

      Social sciences

  • Three expert meetings organized since March 2007


  • Ioc and unesco member states views on ocean sciences for policy making

    2007 Survey Report commissioned by UNEP & IOCSummary & Conclusions

    • Summarizes key considerations for establishing an assessment process

    • Provides starting pointfor conducting the “AoA"

      • Highlights patchiness of data

      • Recognizes gaps and emerging issues

    • Recommends

      • New ways to address capacity-building

      • Need to systematic efforts to fill the information and knowledge gaps

    • Peer reviewed by GESAMP

      Supporting Database:

      www.unep-wcmc/GRAMED

      130 entries


    Ioc and unesco member states views on ocean sciences for policy making

    AoA 21 Regionsadopted by the Group of Experts

    01 Antarctic Ocean 12 North-West Pacific Ocean

    02 Arctic Ocean 13 Red Sea & Gulf of Aden

    03 Baltic Sea 14 ROPME/RECOFI Area

    04 Black Sea 15 South Asian Seas

    05 East Asian Seas 16 South-East Pacific Ocean

    06 Eastern African Seas 17 Southern Indian Ocean

    07 Mediterranean 18 Southern Pacific Ocean

    08 North Central Pacific Ocean 19 South-West Atlantic Ocean

    09 North-East Atlantic Ocean 20 Western African Seas

    10 North-East Pacific Ocean 21 Wider Caribbean Sea

    11 North-West Atlantic Ocean


    Ioc and unesco member states views on ocean sciences for policy making

    The Assessment of Assessments (AoA)


    Ioc and unesco member states views on ocean sciences for policy making

    http://www.unga-regular-process.org

    Please check the new AoA website


    3 communicating best available scientific knowledge

    3. Communicating best available scientific knowledge

    • Proposal to produce Policy Briefs on a regular basis highlighting state of the art and further research needed for decision-making

    • Possible topics: Ocean acidification, coral diversity, …


    Ioc and unesco member states views on ocean sciences for policy making

    Thank you


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