MONGOLIA. Country Report. By Kadyei Zurash. Agricultural officer Governor’s Administration Office of Songino Khairhan District. The Mongolia is the seventeenth largest country in the world by its size of territory and located between Russia and China Area: 1.560.500 sq.km.
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The Mongolia is the seventeenth largest country in the world by its size of territory and located between Russia and China
Area: 1.560.500 sq.km
Mongolia divided into 3 types of administrative districts; 21 aimag
An Aimag is a self-dependant administrative and territorial division of MGL It has around 80.0 sq.km in area, over 90.0 citizens and 1.5 million heads of animals
Population (2007 est.): 2.63 million.
Annual growth rate (2007): 1.5%.
Health (2007): Infant mortality rate--43/1000 (under five years).
Life expectancy—average 70 yrs.
About two-thirds of the total population is under age 40, 28.5% of whom are under 14.
Ethnic groups(2004): 85% Mongol, 7% Kazakh, 8% others, including Chinese and Russian.
Languages: Mongolian, Kazakh, Russian, and English.
Religions: Tibetan Buddhist 94%, Muslim 7% and others
Education: 11Years compulsory (provided free by the government).
Literacy--more than 90%.
MGL has a long history from ancient times
Mongolia is a remote country with limited transport and energy infrastructure, a small domestic market, harsh climate, nomadic livestock and low population density.
High dependency on livestock, which is the main base of the economy, highlights the volatility and risks from nature and weather, that so influences the Mongolian economy.
Oil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, phosphates,tin, nickel, zinc,wolfram , fluorspar
Copper, livestock, animal products, cashmere,wool, hides, fluorspar, other nonferrous metals.
Machinery and equipment, fuels, food products, industrial consumer good, chemicals, building materials.
Poverty has been a direct consequence of the transition to a market economy in the 1990s, after the breakup of the Soviet Union and the collapse of Mongolia\'s centrally planned economy. unemployment increased, price inflation soared and social spending fell.
Since 1996 the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) approved a first loan of US$3.5 million to the Mongolian Government to finance the Arhangai and Huvsgul Rural Poverty Alleviation Project (AHRPAP).
IFAD supports a second project in Mongolia, the Rural Poverty Reduction Program, with a loan of more than US$11.0 million. Projects have introduced an innovative restocking scheme that helps herders rebuild their herds with credit in kind. Credit is also provided for vegetable production and activities that generate income for non-herder families.
The Project had four components :