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“Rear View? What’s he mean reaR view?”. “HE DIDN’T SAY REAR VIEW STUPID! HE SAID REVIEW!!”. THINK OUTSIDE THE BOX AND YOUR COMFORT ZONE. COMFORT ZONE. THINK NEW WAYS QUESTION EVERYTHING HAVE NEW EXPERIENCES. MULTIPLE IDENTITIES. BIASES.

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Rear view what s he mean rear view

“Rear View? What’s he mean reaR view?”

“HE DIDN’T SAY REAR VIEW STUPID!

HE SAID REVIEW!!”


THINK OUTSIDE THE BOX AND YOUR COMFORT ZONE

COMFORT ZONE

THINK NEW WAYS

QUESTION EVERYTHING

HAVE NEW EXPERIENCES



Biases
BIASES

Bias is an inclination to present or hold a partial perspective at the expense of alternatives that may also be valid.


Stereotypes
STEREOTYPES

  • A stereotype is an exaggerated belief, image or distorted truth about a person or a group. This generalization does not allow for individual differences or social variation. These stereotypes may come from the mass media, family discussions, close friends, personal experience, etc. Stereotypes can be both negative and positive.

  • Our identities and how we identify others often determines

  • some of our stereotypes.


Prejudice
Prejudice

Prejudice is an opinion, prejudgment or attitude about a group or its individual members.

Prejudices are usually aimed at the “other” and are often accompanied by ignorance, fear or hatred.

Identities also shapes our prejudices.

Prejudice can not be eliminated by law and policy


Discrimination
Discrimination

Discrimination is behavior that treats people unequally because of their group memberships (i.e. race, ethnicity, faith, nationality etc.) Discriminatory behavior, ranging from slights to hate crimes, often begins with negative stereotypes and prejudices.


Creating labels
CREATING LABELS

Labels take away a persons humanity and makes them an object that can more easily be discriminated against or even killed.

Prostitute

Backwards

Terrorist

Gook



Others

Self Transformation

SEEN BY ALL

SEEN ONLY

TO OTHERS

HIDDEN

TO ALL

Me

SEEN BY ME ONLY


Others

Self Transformation

SEEN ONLY

TO OTHERS

SEEN BY ALL

HIDDEN

TO ALL

Me

SEEN BY ME ONLY


RELIGION AND FAITH

SYSTEMS OF WORSHIP:

RITES, TRADITIONS

CULT

GOD

SACRED

SCRIPTURES AND/OR UNIVERSE

DEFINE GOD

RESPONSE

TO GOD

THROUGH

LIFE LIVED

CREED

CULTURE

FAITH


Assumption
ASSUMPTION

  • An assumption is an idea we have about something that we think to be true even though we may not have sufficient evidence to prove that it is true. This assumption often determines how we act to situations or respond to people.


Moving from tolerance to acceptance to engagement

MOVING FROM

TOLERANCE

TO

ACCEPTANCE

TO

ENGAGEMENT

DISCUSSION

OR

DIALOGUE


Tolerance –

  • To bear something which is difficult or uncomfortable. (like a toothache or a very noise person)

  • To put up with someone who is disliked for their differences.

  • While people deemed undesirable may be disapproved of, "tolerance" would require that the party or group in question be left undisturbed, physically or otherwise, and that criticism directed toward them be free of inflammatory or harmful efforts.


Tolerance good bad
TOLERANCE – GOOD? BAD?

  • Religious tolerance

  • Ethnic tolerance

  • Political tolerance


Tolerance doesn’t always last!

  • When the toothache seems unbearable, it will no longer be tolerated!

  • When we believe that we can no longer tolerate the “undesirable” person, we try to avoid them or fight them.


Acceptance -

  • To receive something even if one doesn’t like it.

  • Usually refers to the experience of a situation without an intention to change that situation.

  • Acceptance is often contrasted with resistance.


Engagement –

  • To meet together for the purpose of mutual benefit

  • It suggests a commitment to learning and living together, to listen deeply to each other.


TO LEARN WE MUST FIRST UNLEARN SO THAT WE CAN RELEARN

  • The person of knowledge tries to learn many things. The person of wisdom tries to unlearn many things.


Dialogue versus discussion
DIALOGUE VERSUS DISCUSSION

  • “Through meaning” (slow)

  • To inquire and to learn

  • To seek shared meaning

  • To integrate multiple perspectives – not to win

  • To uncover and examine assumptions

  • Open-ended

  • Creates a community-based culture of cooperation and shared leadership (power with)

  • Leads to transformation of self

  • “Discus” – to throw, fragment, shatter (same roots as percussion and concussion)

  • To tell, sell, persuade

  • To gain agreement on one meaning

  • To evaluate and select the best – to win

  • To justify/defend assumptions

  • Seeks a solution

  • Tends to create division and centralized leadership (power over)

  • Little opportunity for transformation


CONFLICT

When human beings have contact with each other, conflicts will occur. Conflict is normal.

  • Conflict can result in positive changes in personal relationships or community relationships.

  • When conflict is not dealt with in a positive way, it can become violence.

  • Opp0rtunity or conjuncture for positive change.


  • 1. Conflict management

    • Relies on laws and rules

    • Conflict is controlled but may still remain

    • Might involve punishment

    • One party is right and one party is wrong

    • Requires continuous management

  • 2. Conflict resolution

    • Win-win solutions sought but someone still loses

    • Dignity may be lost because of compromise

    • Requires a mediator/expert

    • Conflict may emerge in the future and will again require mediation by an expert

    • Does not necessarily address the issue of injustice


    • 3. Conflict transformation

      • Conflict is an opportunity for personal/social transformation

      • Seeking a true justice is central to this approach

      • Requires engagement and dialogue rather than tolerance and discussion

      • Moves toward creative use of conflict for personal/group transformation

      • Transformation means a long-term end to the conflict

      • No winner/loser situation

      • Requires deep listening

      • Transformation spreads to other areas of relationship


    Lakota concept of conflict transformation
    LAKOTA CONCEPT OF CONFLICT TRANSFORMATION

    RESTORING HARMONY IS CENTRAL TO THE LAKOTA CONCEPT OF CONFLICT TRANFORMATION


    Important
    IMPORTANT

    • Every tool you need to do effective conflict transformation in your communities can be found in your own history, culture, traditions, experience and religious faith.

    • Outside models take power away from the oppressed.



    Violence
    Violence

    • IMPORTANT

      • There are many different possible responses to violence.

      • “I have no choice” means I do not want to take responsibility for what I do and so I stop thinking.

      • The result of our response will either confront and transform the violence or it will directly/indirectly support the violence.



    Get rid of the obstacles to peace injustice
    GET RID OF THE OBSTACLES TO PEACE (INJUSTICE)

    • Remove the stones and trash (injustice) from the stream (justice) so that the water (peace) can flow freely to everyone equally.

    • The Prophet Amos said, “Let justice run down like water,   And righteousness like a mighty stream.”


    Justpeace
    JUSTPEACE

    • Justice comes before peace. Without justice there can be no peace.

    • Justice is the foundation on which peace can rest and flourish.




    Describe:

    What are the problems you see shown in this picture?

    What solutions do you recommend?


    Symptoms and roots
    SYMPTOMS AND ROOTS

    • SYMPTOMATIC PROBLEMS

    • ROOT PROBLEMS


    GIVE SOMEONE A FISH AND THEY WILL EAT FOR ONE DAY

    TEACH SOMEONE TO FISH AND THEY MAY EAT EVERY DAY

    HELPPEOPLE UNDERSTAND THE SYSTEMS THAT CONTROL FISHING AND THEY WILL MOVE TOWARD TRUE TRANSFORMATION!


    Critical thinking
    CRITICAL THINKING

    • clarifies goals,

    • examines assumptions,

    • discerns hidden values,

    • evaluates evidence,

    • accomplishes actions, and

    • evaluates conclusions by:

      • Asking important and hard questions

      • Not accepting simple answers and solutions

      • Always wanting to know more

      • Thinking outside the box


    Awareness
    AWARENESS

    • Critical thinking raises our awareness.

    • The more we know, the more important it is for us to act.

    • Action must focus on the root causes of the oppression.

      OR

      SILENCE IS NOT AN OPTION!






    Empathy
    EMPATHY

    • WALK A MILE IN MY SHOES (Native American)

    • TAKE THEIR HEART AND PUT IT IN OUR HEART. (Thailand)


    Empathy1
    EMPATHY

    • “We are not victims! We are survivors!” Saw Mort

    • “We must see in the victims the power to nurture and to heal.” David Selvaraj

      • Tsunami survivor



    Neutrality
    NEUTRALITY?

    • If you are neutral in situations of injustice, you have chosen the side of the oppressor. If an elephant has its foot on the tail of a mouse and you say that you are neutral, the mouse will not appreciate your neutrality. Desmond Tutu




    DON’T BE BUSY!

    BE EFFECTIVE!




    Key words

    • CONFLICT MANAGEMENT

    • CONFLICT RESOLUTION

    • CONFLICT TRANSFORMATION

    • VIOLENCE

    • PEACEMAKING

    • JUSTPEACE

    • INJUSTICE

    • SYMPTOMATIC PROBLEM

    • ROOT PROBLEM

    • CRITICAL THINKING

    • AWARENESS

    • WELFARE

    • DEVELOPMENT

    • LIBERAL REFORMATION

    • LIBERATION

    • TRANSFORMATION

    • SYMPATHY

    • EMPATHY

    • NEUTRALITY

    • STANDING POINT

    KEY WORDS

    • COMFORT ZONE

    • INSIDE/OUTSIDE THE BOX

    • MULTIPLE IDENTITIES

    • BIASES

    • STEREOTYPES

    • PREJUDICES

    • DISCRIMINATION

    • LABELS

    • SELF-TRANSFORMATION

    • RELIGION

    • FAITH

    • ASSUMPTIONS

    • TOLERANCE

    • ACCEPTANCE

    • DISCUSSION

    • DIALOGUE

    • ENGAGEMENT

    • CONFLICT


    5 responses to injustice1
    5 RESPONSES TO INJUSTICE

    “I just want to go home.”


    5 responses to injustice2
    5 RESPONSES TO INJUSTICE

    “I just want to go home.”


    5 responses to injustice3
    5 RESPONSES TO INJUSTICE

    “I just want to go home.”


    5 responses to injustice4
    5 RESPONSES TO INJUSTICE

    “I just want to go home.”


    5 responses to injustice5
    5 RESPONSES TO INJUSTICE

    “I just want to go home.”


    Power
    POWER

    • What is power?

    • Who has power and how do they use it?

    • What is our response to power?




    Reformation and transformation
    REFORMATION AND TRANSFORMATION

    • How are they different?

    • Give examples from your field visits




    LET THE WORLD CHANGE YOU

    AND THEN

    YOU CAN CHANGE THE WORLD

    • There are more than 6 billion people in thee world so what does this mean?

    • How does it happen?

    • Give some examples


    TO ANSWER THIS QUESTION WE NEED TO BE CLEAR ON:

    • Our standing point (with whom)

    • Our faith teachings

    • Sympathy or empathy

    • Our commitment to:

      • Welfare?

      • Development?

      • Liberal reform?

      • Liberation?

      • Transformation?


    • EXAMPLES

      • TOURISM

      • SANCTIONS

      • Election report

      • OUR LIVES, OUR EDUCATION


    If the dreams of the wealthy

    Become my dreams

    If my wants become larger

    Than the needs of the majority

    If my status and fame become more important

    Than the happiness of all society

    If my profits

    Destroy the words of the prophets

    I will protect the status quo!


    If the comfort of the middle class

    Becomes my comfort

    If my leisure time is more important

    Than service to the oppressed

    If sympathy is easier for me

    Than empathy for the marginalized

    If my standing point

    Has many options

    I will try to climb the ladder to the top!


    If the hunger pangs of the starving

    Become my hunger pangs

    If the terror of the tortured

    Becomes my terror

    If the fear of the IDPs

    Becomes my fear

    If the anger of the oppressed

    Becomes my anger

    If the desperately poor rise up to march

    And I march with them

    Then I will struggle with the marginalized

    for true transformation!


    The world can change us together with the marginalized we can change the world
    THE WORLD CAN CHANGE US.TOGETHER WITH THE MARGINALIZED, WE CAN CHANGE THE WORLD


    To be changed by the world and to help change the world we must
    TO BE CHANGED BY THE WORLDAND TO HELP CHANGE THE WORLDWE MUST:

    • Think outside the box

    • Step out of our comfort zone

    • Be willing to transform self

    • Be clear on our standing point

    • Learn to dialogue

    • Learn empathy

    • Learn to engage the other

    • Identify root problems rather than symptomatic problems

    • Work for transformation rather than charity

    • Learn about conflict transformation from our faiths, our culture, our history, etc.

    • Recognize our biases, stereotypes and prejudices

    • Focus our work on removing injustice rather than on peacemaking


    Case study
    CASE STUDY

    • Saigon, Viet Nam

    • April 6, 1975 (the war ended on April 30)

    • Saigon surrounded and cut off

    • Refugees flooding the city

    • Students can not contact parents

    • No money for food and rent

    • Students feeling desperate

    • Came seeking help

    • Together organized a strategy

      • Groups with three students in a group

      • Each day one goes to class and two work in refugee camps

      • The three rotate so all can continue classes

      • We provide some money for rent and food


    Key words1

    • CONFLICT MANAGEMENT

    • CONFLICT RESOLUTION

    • CONFLICT TRANSFORMATION

    • VIOLENCE

    • PEACEMAKING

    • JUSTPEACE

    • INJUSTICE

    • SYMPTOMATIC PROBLEM

    • ROOT PROBLEM

    • CRITICAL THINKING

    • AWARENESS

    • WELFARE

    • DEVELOPMENT

    • LIBERAL REFORMATION

    • LIBERATION

    • TRANSFORMATION

    • SYMPATHY

    • EMPATHY

    • NEUTRALITY

    • STANDING POINT

    KEY WORDS

    • COMFORT ZONE

    • INSIDE/OUTSIDE THE BOX

    • MULTIPLE IDENTITIES

    • BIASES

    • STEREOTYPES

    • PREJUDICES

    • DISCRIMINATION

    • LABELS

    • SELF-TRANSFORMATION

    • RELIGION

    • FAITH

    • ASSUMPTIONS

    • TOLERANCE

    • ACCEPTANCE

    • DISCUSSION

    • DIALOGUE

    • ENGAGEMENT

    • CONFLICT


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